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03.21.2011

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03.21.2011

  1. 1. once were warriors 03.21.2011
  2. 2. terms• Maori--original inhabitants• iwi• hapu• whanau• marae• aotearoa• pakeha
  3. 3. settlement• trading partners in area 1500-1600s• Captain Cook -- 1769• white settlers -- 1800s • massive disruption to way of life • missionaries -- introduce christianity • traders brings guns and disease
  4. 4. treaty of waitangi 1840• british whalers breaking laws• missionaries and maori worked to forge treaty with the Crown• 40 Maori chiefs sign (but not all)• British got more colonies for their empire • access to natural resources • labor
  5. 5. treaty rights• Maori • same rights as british subjects • chieftanship (Maori understanding) • maintain their land and mineral rights & possessions• British • “sovereigns” (make laws, define govt., take social action)
  6. 6. policies• settlement (1861-1945) • Maori land sold (should not have been) • english only policy in schools • “debt foreclosures” (created “slave” classes” • treaty -- nullified (attempt) • peaceful resistance
  7. 7. policies• assimilation (1945-late 1970s) • Native dept. / Maori councils • Maori urbanization began late 1920s-- present--created underclass• treaty/ land rights resurgence 1960s-- present • Waitangi Day • language / culture integrated state levels
  8. 8. biculturalism• official state policy after 1970s• guaranteed seats in Parliament• official language in govt and in nation• traditional descent lines recognized through iwis • causes some stratification • urban underclass and “traditionalists”
  9. 9. author & characters• Duff (1990) • his voice • his stance/position• Characters• Themes

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