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CLE HANDOUT
 

CLE HANDOUT

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    CLE HANDOUT CLE HANDOUT Presentation Transcript

    • Violation ofHuman Life!
    • Violationof human life
    • Human life is Sacrosanct and should not be violated byanother person. let us show our gratitude to God for thelife He has given us and stop the wicked act of aborting innocent lives of babies in the womb. The earlier it is stopped better for us and we avoid the wrath of God.
    • Human Lifeo Government’s responsibility for the political community begins with the protection of a) the lives of its citizens and b) the life-generating, life-sustaining institutions of marriage and family.  o The generation of new human life belongs, by the Creators design, to married couples, who bear primary responsibility for the care and upbringing of their children.
    • o When pregnancy and childbirth occur outside of marriage or at a time of marital or family crisis,difficulties arise that typically call for the assumption of extraordinary responsibilities by extended familymembers, supportive friends and neighbors, churches, social service organizations, and/or public authorities.All such assistance should aim to support and nurturelife, marriage, and the family, rather than to encourage abortion.
    • o Abortion entails the taking of human life and is a violation of the life-generating process. Therefore, abortion should not be allowed under public law as an ordinary or standard means of family planning, or for the social and psychological convenience of those responsible for a pregnancy. o  As a life-ending act, abortion should never be legalized as a freedom right of those responsible for a pregnancy. Government bears responsibility for decisions that involve the taking of life. Consequently, abortion should require public-legal authorization, and then only under circumstances of unusual danger to the pregnant woman.
    • •  Public-legal recognition of abortion as a “privacy right” is a violation of the norm of justice that holds government responsible, as a public matter, for the protection of life and for the authorization of decisions that take life. To the extent that this so-called privacy right is now established in law by the constitutional interpretation of the U.S. Supreme Court, it should be reversed.
    • • Opposing abortion and trying to outlaw it are not sufficient ways to achieve the goal of protecting the unborn and supporting life. Protecting life and the life-generating process from before pregnancy (healthy marriage) through birth and human maturation must be the underlying aim of public policies. •  “Crisis pregnancies” should, in almost all instances, not be the cause for considering public-legal efforts to violate or interrupt the life-generating process. Rather, such critical circumstances should be the reason to undertake public efforts to protect and strengthen marriage, discourage extramarital pregnancy, protect the unborn, and undergird families in the care of children.
    • Guildelines for Government and Citizenship c/o http://www.cpjustice.org/content/human-lifeCreated in the image of God, humans bear ultimateresponsibility to their Creator. No human authority canstand in the position of God or otherwise establish theterms of human responsibility to God. For this reason, the constitution, or basic law, of a political communityshould recognize and protect the religious freedom of citizens.
    • Religious freedom entails not only freedom of conscience and worship; it also includes the right of citizens to conduct themselves in public life without legal or financial discrimination due to their religion. Public justice thus requires equal treatment of citizens in both the public and private practice of religion.
    • ArtificialContraceptives
    • Artificial Contraceptives• It refers to birth control which means the voluntary limitation or control of the number of children conceived, especially by planned use of contraceptive techniques. • A regimen of one or more actions, devices, or medications followed in order to deliberately prevent or reduce the likelihood of a woman becoming pregnant or giving birth. • It simply refers to methods or devices used to prevent pregnancy.
    • • Effective birth control methods include barriers such as condoms, diaphragms, and thecontraceptive sponge; hormonal contraception including oral pills, patches, vaginal rings, andinjectable contraceptives; and intrauterine devices (IUDs).
    • Methods•  A CONDOM:      A condom is a device made of fine rubber (latex). The man covers his penis with a condom during sexual intercourse in order to prevent the sperm from entering the vagina. Condoms prevent unwanted pregnancies and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), including AIDS. The use of condoms is one of the most reliable and cost-effective methods.
    • o INTRA UTERINE DEVICE (IUD)/COPPER T: It is a birth control device made of soft plastic and has the shape of the English letter T. Copper is wound on the lower part and the end carries two threads. It is placed in the uterus. With the help of the threads placed on the tip of the T, women can check if it is inserted properly. It is a long-term method and prevents pregnancy for 3-5 years. Copper T does not create any problems during copulation and can be used immediately after childbirth. But unlike condoms, it does not protect the user from AIDS and other STDs.
    • •  CONTRACEPTIVE PILLS:      There are several contraceptive pills available in the market, for example Mala D, Mala N, Pearl, etc. Birth control pills, which contain hormones, prevent a woman from getting pregnant if used regularly. One pill has to be taken every night before going to bed. There are two types of packets available in the market,one containing 21 pills and the other containing 28 pills. But no pills should be taken without a doctors prescription. Contraceptive pills also help women to have regular menstrual cycles and reduce the chances of anaemia. But breast-feeding mothers, especially if the child is less than six months old, should not use contraceptive pills. 
    • •  INJECTION FOR BIRTH CONTROL: Vaccination is another method of birth control. This vaccine is effective for three months and has to be applied four times a year. It is available in the name of DMPA and works in the same way as the pills do. It reduces bleeding during menstruation and helps in preventing cancer.
    • •  PERMANENT SOLUTIONS:      Permanent solutions are the best possible methods if the couple does not want any more children. They are available for both men and women. But male sterilization or vasectomy is easier than female operation or tubectomy. In vasectomy, the duct carrying sperm from the testes to the urethra is cut and tied thereafter no sperms reach the urethra during intercourse. The male can start working normally 48 hours after the operation. It also does not adversely affect erection in the man.
    • Tubectomy is done by tying and cutting off the fallopian tubes. Eggs continue to be released but they are prevented from reaching the uterus. Nowadays it is conducted through telescopic method, which requires only 2-3 stitches.
    • Abortion
    • Abortion• from the Latin word aboriri, "to perish"• may be briefly defined as "the loss of a fetal life."•  abortion is also applied, though less properly, to cases in which the child is become viable, but does not survive the delivery.• Abortion is one of the most common medical procedures performed in the United States each year. More than 40% of all womenabortion at some time in their reproductive lives.
    • • The Catholic Church opposes all purpose of the abortion procedure. “Human life is sacred because from its beginning it involves the creative action of God and it remains for ever in a special relationship with the Creator, who is its sole end. God alone is the Lord of life from its beginning until its end: no one can under any circumstance claim for himself the right directly to destroy an innocent human being”
    • Intentional abortions are distinguished by medical writers into two classes.• When they are brought about for social reasons, they are called criminal abortions; and they are rightly condemned under any circumstances whatsoever. "Often, very often," said Dr. Hodge, of the University of Pennsylvania, "must all the eloquence and all the authority of the practitioner be employed; often he must, as it were, grasp the conscience of his weak and erring patient, and let her know, in language not to be misunderstood, that she is responsible to the Creator for the life of the being within her" (Wharton and Stilles Med. Jurispr., Vol. on Abortion, 11).
    • • The name of obstetrical abortion is given by physicians to such as is performed to save the life of the mother. Whether this practice is ever morally lawful we shall consider below.
    • Causes for abortion: o Failure of artificial birth control o Inability to support and care for the childo To end unwanted pregnancies resulting from rape and incesto Physical and mental conditions which may endanger the mother’s health if the pregnancy continues.
    • Roman Catholic Church opposes all forms of abortion procedures whose direct purpose is to destroy an embryo, blastocyst, zygote or fetus, since it holds that"human life must be respected and protected absolutelyfrom the moment of conception. From the first momentof his existence, a human being must be recognized as having the rights of a person; among which is the inviolable right of every innocent being to life. It admits certain acts which indirectly result in the death of the fetus, as when the direct purpose is to saving the mother from health problems which may endanger her life.
    • Catholics who procure a completed abortion are subject to a latae sententiae excommunication.That means that the excommunication does not need to be imposed (as with a ferendae sententiae penalty); rather, being expressly established by law, it is incurred ipso facto when the delict is committed (a latae sententiae penalty). Canon law states that in certain circumstances "the accused is not bound by a latae sententiae penalty"; among the ten circumstances listed are commission of a delict by someone not yet sixteen years old, or by someone who without negligence does not know of the existence of the penalty, or by someone "who was coerced by grave fear, even if only relatively grave, or due to necessity or grave inconvenience".
    • According to a 2004 memorandum by Cardinal JosephRatzinger, Catholic politicians who consistently campaign and vote for permissive abortion laws should be informed by their priest of the Churchs teaching and warned to refrain from receiving communion or risk being denied the Eucharist until they end that activity.
    • Apart from indicating in its canon law that automaticexcommunication does not apply to women who abortbecause of grave fear or due to grave inconvenience, the Catholic Church, without making any such distinctions, assures the possibility of forgiveness forwomen who have committed what it sees as the sin of abortion.
    • Suicide
    • Suicide Meaningo The willful taking of one’s own life and is contrary to the innate human drive to survive and live o Is a gravely immoral act Causes for suicide o Extreme depression o Despair o Hopelessness o Psycho-emotional and personality disorders
    • These are the reasons for the causes: o Rejection o Social isolation o School and family problems
    • In the past the Church does not allow people who commit suicide to be given a Christian burial because the act of taking one’s life was deemed a radical rejection of the love of God, of self, and of others but the Catholic Church today allows the Christian burial today Suicide renounces one’s responsibility to others and to society as a whole. The Church reminds us of our obligation to help those who may be experiencing crises in their lives. We should not consider ourselves only as independent and mature individuals because we still need the guidance of friends and the loving support of our families.
    • Euthanasia
    • EuthanasiaIt is the painless killing of a patient suffering from an incurable and painful disease or in an irreversible coma’.
    • Six Types of Euthanasia • Voluntary euthanasia: When the person who is killed has requested to be killed. • Non-voluntary: When the person who is killed made no request and gave no consent. • Involuntary euthanasia: When the person who is killed made an expressed wish to the contrary. • Euthanasia By Action or Active Euthanasia: Intentionally causing a persons death by performing an action such as by giving a lethal injection. 
    • • Euthanasia By Omission or Passive Euthanasia: Intentionally causing death by not providing necessary and ordinary care or food and water. • Assisted suicide: Someone provides an individual with the information, guidance, and means to take his or her own life with the intention that they will be used for this purpose. When it is a doctor who helps another person to kill themselves it is called "physician assisted suicide." 
    • Anointingof the sick
    • Anointing of the SickThe anointing of the sick is administered to bring spiritual and even physical strength during an illness, especially near the time of death. It is most likely one of the last sacraments one will receive. A sacrament is an outward sign established by Jesus Christ to confer inward grace. In more basic terms, it is a rite that is performed to convey God’s grace to the recipient, through the power of the Holy Spirit. 
    • The sacrament is administered by a priest, who uses olive oil or another pure plant oil to anoint the patients forehead and perhaps other parts of the body while reciting certain prayers. It is believed to give comfort, peace, courage and, if the sick person is unable to make a confession, even forgiveness of sins.[4] Several other Churches and Ecclesial Communities have similar rituals (see Anointing of the Sick for a more general discussion). The official name of the sacrament in the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church was Extreme Unction (meaning, Final Anointing)
    • The Sacrament’s Effects"The special grace of the sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick has as its effects: the uniting of the sick person to the passion of Christ, for his own good and that of the whole Church; the strengthening, peace, and courage to endure in a Christian manner the sufferings of illness or old age; the forgiveness of sins, if the sick person was not able to obtain it through the sacrament of penance; the restoration of health, if it is conducive to the salvation of his soul; the preparation for passing over to eternal life" (CCC 1532). 
    • Does a person have to be dying to receive this sacrament? No. The Catechism says, "The anointing of the sick is not a sacrament for those only who are at the point of death. Hence, as soon as anyone of the faithful begins to be in danger of death from sickness or old age, the fitting time for him to receive this sacrament has certainly already arrived" (CCC 1514). 
    • The uniting of the sick person to the passion of Christ, for his own good and that of the whole Church; the strengthening, peace, and courage to endure in a Christian manner the sufferings of illness or old age; the forgiveness of sins, if the sick person was not able to obtain it through the sacrament of penance; the restoration of health, if it is conducive to the salvation of his soul; the preparation for passing over to eternal life.