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AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways
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AS PE Revision Guide Opportunities and Pathways

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  • 1. Development of SportRevision Guide
  • 2. Pre-Industrial Britain: Limited leisure time Church Calendar FestivalsPre-Industiral Society:The period of time prior to the Industrial Revolution (1750 – 1850) Rural Communities Limited Transport Gentry/Peasantry
  • 3. Ancient Origins:Early sport was basedaround.preparation for warFestival Games:Revolved around church/agricultural calendar.Release of aggression – mob
  • 4. Effects of the Industrial Revolutionon SportLess timeinitially/longworking hoursLessspace/loss ofcommon land Saturday halfday/working holidaysLed to need fornational set ofrulesDevelopment offactory/churchteams thatcompetedagainst othersReduction inviolence/need for fitand healthy workforceDevelopment oftransport meantteams couldtravel to play inother townsMorepsectatingthan playingas too manypeople notenoughopportunityCondification and the Introduction of National Governing Bodies Towns and schools had localised rules Need for common set of rules Students brought rules to ‘Oxbridge Melting Pot’ Written rules recorded
  • 5. Codification and theDiffusion of SportColonial:Former PublicSchool boysworking for theBritish EmpireabroadArmy:Officers sharedsports withworking classsoldiersIndustry:Once finishedschool, studentswent back tofathersfactories.Forming offactory teamsUniversity:Providedgreateropportunity andresourcesPatronage:Patronssupportedsporting eventsandcompetitionsTeachers:Many formerpupils becameteachers anddelivered similarsportsAdministration:When playingdays were overmany joinedgoverningbodies todevelop sportfurther andformulatenational rulesChurch:Nature ofschooling meantmany boys tookup roles withinthe churchwhich led tofromation ofteams.
  • 6. The Olympic Games William Penny Brookes Barron Pierre De Courbetin Much Wenlock Games Festivals of sport All competing on a levelplaying field AmateurRise of sport as a Business: Development in transport andmedia coverage TV Audiences of over 4 Billion Exclusive TV rights Sponsorship and brandingGlobalisation and its effects: Diffusion of sport across the globe with cultural adaptations Massive audience provide excellent stage to gain maximum exposure Examples include:o Berlin 1936 Nazi propagandao Mexico 1968 Black power anti-racism salute
  • 7. Date Venue Major Incident1896 Athens First olympics to be held1936 Berlin Hitlers games – nazipropeganda1968 Mexico Black Power1972 Munich Arab terrorists hijackIsraeli Athletes1976 Monteal Games went bankrupt –spiralling costs due toincreased security1980 Moscow USA Boycotted in protestof Soviet invasion ofAfghanistan1984 Los Angeles ‘Hamburger’ Olympics –commercialisation‘Tit for Tat’ – RussiaBoycott1988 Seoul Ben Johnson stripped of100m Olympic gold1996 Atlanta Controversy over Athensnot being awarded centurygames went to Atlantainstead – home of majorsponsor coca-cola2004 Athens On the eve of games twoMajor Olympic Games
  • 8. greek sprinters testedpositive and banned Americanisation andCommercialisation: Peter Uberroth – ’86 LA games first tomake profit ‘Hamburger’ Games Sponsorship and media fees Changes in ethics (amateur togamesmanship) The Olympic Programme – sale of the
  • 9. Sportmanship – Playing within the rules ofthe gameGamesmanship – Win at all costs – bendingthe rules in order to winRemember to give examplesAmateurismCompeting for the loveof the sport and withoutrewardsShamateurismCustum of pre-1990athletes who wereamateur but receivedunofficial paymentsvia commercialscholarships or statebursariesProfessionalismCompeting formonetry rewardsDeviance in SportThe Professional FoulDeliberately trying to impede, obstructor injure an oponent to get the rightresult.Stamping in rugbyProfessional foul in football (deliberatefoul to prevent scoring)‘Sacking’ (injuring) of quarter back
  • 10. WADAWorld Anti-Drugs AgencySet up in 1998because ofdoping problemsTesting andresultsmanagementEducation andresearchNational andInternationalPolicy andstandardsMission:To promote andco-ordinate atinternationallevel the fightagainst doping insport in all formsComprehensivedatabase of druginformation Regular testingImpossible tostay ahead of thechemistsGenetic EngineeringDrugs specifc to atheltesgeneticsGenetic info used toidentify talentAthletes geneticcomposition modified toimprove performanceCells of newly fertilisedeggs to produce superathletes
  • 11. Performance Pathways
  • 12. Performance PathwaysNational and International levelClub or County LevelParticipation – Fun/enjoymentGrass Roots level - youngMake sure you knowthe differencesbetween agencies:What are their mainroles?What level do theycater for?UK SPORTUK SportsAgenciesSPORTENGLANDYOUTH SPORT3 main agencies:UK SPORTSupport anddevelop Olympicand ParalympicSPORT ENGLANDMore people active2 million by 2012Distribution oflottery moneyDevelop fall offfrom school age.Useexamplesfrom your
  • 13. Traditional PathwaysPathways for aspring athletesThe School Sports PathwayCombat post 16 fallout from sportThe Post SchoolDifferentparthways fordifferent sports.MAKE SURE YOUE.G. ESFACompetitionsEventsOn average only 5% ofschool children areinvolved in competitiveNational Framework for Sport: Joint Venture from UK Sport, UKSports Institutes and governingbodies Making England an active andsuccessful nation 2020Game Plan: Increase in participation forhealth benefits – 70% active Improvement in success ininternational competition –Sporting Future for All: Published in 2000 Superseeded by theNational FrameworkSport Search Programmes Identifying potentialsporting talent Online system aimedat 11-17 year olds Objective to allowyoung people toassess theirsuitablility in 150
  • 14.  Closed LoopSports Open LoopSportsKnow the differenceTalent ID in East Germany: Wanted to use Olympicsuccess as a shop window Every child was screened at7 for sporting potential High scoring children invitedto train regularly At age of 10 they weretransferred to sportsboarding schoolTalent ID in Australia: Dissapointment atMontreal Olympics in ‘76 AIS (Australian Institute ofSport) opened in1981 Scholarships to over 600athletes 32 sports 75 full time coaches Seven satellite institues inall state capitals Developed Sports Search Based on fitness and bodymeasurementsTalent IdentificationTalent ID in the UK Talent search within theNational Framework forSport. Talent ID and fast trackdevelopmentEIS (English Institute ofSport) Employed dedicated talentID spoecialists Searched the country Specifically for new olypicsports like basketball,World Class PerformanceProgramme Identifying top performers Providing top class
  • 15. SPORT SEARCH ATHLETE AWARDSSCHOOL GAMESEIS High PerformanceCentres Top class facilities Provide a acomprehensivenetwork of services Sports ScienceDon’ts forget theother talentdevelopmentprogrammes!
  • 16. GIFTED & TALENTED PERFORMANCETASS - TalentedAthlete ScholarshipAASE – AdvancedApprentiship inSporting ExcellenceDO YOUKNOWWHATTHESE
  • 17. Lifelong InvolvementLifelong Involvement
  • 18. Mass Participation:Break through constraints toencourage everyone to take upan active lifestyle Intrinsic and Extrinsicbenefits Benefits for society Benefits for crimerate/anti social behaviour Benefits for HealthServiceLifetime Sports: Pursue throughout life Eg’s are golf andbadminton Self-paced sports Low impact Fun and Enjoyment Aim to guide schoolLeadership and VolunteerSchemesSports Leaders AwardsOverseen by Sport LeadersUK – aimed at school agedstudents.Step into SportJoint venture from SportEngland, YST and Sports
  • 19. Sport England’sParicipation Segments
  • 20. DO YOU KNOW EXAMPLESOF TARGET GROUPS?
  • 21. Opportunity: Time Money AbilityProvision: Facilities Inner City Rural EquipmentEsteem: Societiesview/judgement ‘Traditional’gender sportsPeer Pressure: Negative TeenageGeographical : Where apersonlivesEducational: Dependenton schoolingandexperiences
  • 22. SPORT FOR ALL CAMPAIGN: Introduced in 1972 Highlights vlaue of sport and need to beactive To increase the opportunities available Particularly focussing on target groupsReformative PoliciesMaking England Active:Aims to help people ofall ages start and remainin sportIncrease opportunitiesDevelop a network ofclubs, coaches andvolunteersMulti-sports HubsCommunity sportscentres offering amultitude of sportsEducational, health andsocial welfare servicesSport England see theseas key for boostingparticipationActive Places:Web based resourceSearch for facilities inlocalityMakes it easier to getinvolvedPublic ServiceAgreement:Department of Culture,Media and Sport andSport EnglandTarget – 85% of childrenaccessing 2 hours of PEby 2008Target – Increaseparticipation by 3% intarget groupsActive People Survey:Sport England surveyTrack targets everythree years
  • 23. Programming: Sport centres useparticular sessionsaimed at targetgroupsLocal Shemes: Age well sessions Ironing services Free creches GP referralsConcessions: Reuced sessionfees andmmbership ratesfor target groups Schemes in placeCounty and School Partnerships: 43 County Sports Partnerships Develop & streamline network of clubs, coaches,volunteers and competitions 400 school sports partnershipsReformativeProgrammes
  • 24. Technical Developments and Cultural Trends Private gyms and health clubs Fashion and the role of the media Technology and accesscheaper equipment Adrenalin and Adventure sports Impact of the 2012 Olympic GamesSpecialist AgenciesWomen’s Sports Foundation (WSF)Aim – to promote opportunities for women in sport
  • 25.  WSF Awards – aids preparation for international competition Elite Sports workshops (dealing with media, gainingsponsorships) National Action Plan – to help achieve sporting equality Women into high performance coaching Women Get Set Go – enabling women to get into leadership Women in Sports Resources – assist schools, clubs etcEnglish Federation of Disabiliy Sport The national body for developing sport for people withdisabilities Works closely with:o British Amputee and Les Autres Sport Associationo British Blind Sporto Wheelpower British Wheelchair sporto Mencap Sporto UK Deaf Sport Promote inclusion and equality ‘Count Me In’ programmeKick It Out Lets kick racism out of football Football against Racism in Europe (FARE)Long Term AthleteDevelopment
  • 26. PhilosophyTo provide: Pathways that introduce people into sportFun and enjoymentBoys aged 6-9 and girls 6-8Fundemental motor skillsMajor learning stageBoys aged 9-12 and girls 8-1180% train 20% copmpetitionBuild an aeroibc base, speed,strength etcBoys aged 12-16 and girls 11-15Optimise fitnessDevelop position specific skillsMales 16-23 and females 15-21Final stageWorking towards podiumperformanceMaximise fitness and technicalAt the end of careerMoving from one sport to anotherMove from competitive torecreational

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