3 sport and the physical activity in the 21 st century
E N J O Y W A T C H I N G S P O R T A N D J U S T D O P H Y S I C A L
A C T I V I T Y A L I F E S T Y L E
SPORT AND THE PHYSICAL
ACTIVITY IN THE
• Sport is one of the most
happened in the last 100 years.
It’s an activity with plenty of
advantages: physical, mental,
educative and social.
• But, on the other hand, a misuse
of sport can cause problems,
interests and conflicts.
WE MUST CREATE A CRITICAL OPINION
• How is sport nowadays?
• Which are its characteristics?
• Which are the most important
• Which are its values?
CONCEPT OF SPORT
• Driving situation, there are mates and opponents that try to
cooperate or make more difficult my actions.
• Game, free participation to have fun.
• Competition, a desire for self-improvement.
• Rules, they must exist to define the characteristics of the activity.
• Institutionalization, an institution must state the development and
the regulations of the game.
Any kind of physical activity that by means of an organized
participation or not, has as an aim the expression or improvement
of the mental or physical condition, the development of the social
relationships or the obtaining of scores in every competition.
THE DIFFERENT WAYS OF
UNDERSTANDING SPORT IN OUR SOCIETY
• We can say that sport is a social
phenomenon, everybody plays sport, it’s
fashionable, and we can see it on the media, on
• On the one hand, we consider sport as a mass
spectacle where great amounts of money are
• On the other hand, another social reality is
developed and this is also sport, a big percentage
of the world population practices it in an
anonymous way, people who work in a club or for a
sport association, millions of students who play at
school, the disabled or the old age people…
• The competitive aspect became the main aspect
for those who practice as sport and for those who
watch it. Therefore, competitivity will be one of the
characteristics of the 21st society.
• That competitivity is a dominant value in our
contemporary society as well as the performance
and the result.
‘The sports behaviours are due to cultural
phenomena and to customs of the community they
For a long time, in Spain there were a
greater number of spectators
watching a sport than the number of
people who practiced it.
This tendency has changed in the
last decades. Great clubs have seen
how the number of spectators has
been reduced. That’s the reason
why they have resorted to
advertising, television and sports
On the contrary, our towns and cities
filled with a greater number of
people who do sport. The sports
facilities have increased
dramatically, also the number of
professionals devoted to training and
the sports teaching
SPORTS PRACTICE IN SPAIN
AT A GENERAL LEVEL
Nearly 16 million of people over 14 do
sport in Spain.
EVOLUTION OF THE SPORTS PRACTICE IN
THE LAST 30 YEARS (1980-2010)
Population between 15 and 65, the
practice has increased in these years, it
has gone from 25% to 45% nowadays.
SPORTS PRACTICE DEPENDING ON
There is a 31% of women that do sport
and the percentage of men is 49%.
REASONS TO PLAY SPORT
Nowadays the reasons have changed;
we have the desire of adventure, the
need of having fun, the physical
appearance or the human interaction.
THE PRESENCE OF SPORT IN
After many years, Physical Education
appears as a subject in schools in all
levels: more qualified teachers, more
facilities and materials.
Students are constantly in contact
with the physical education.
Moreover, sport out of schools has
been fostered but we must go on
growing to get a society with habits of
physical education to prevent
cardiovascular illnesses, to improve
our mind and to make us feel as
member of a group thanks to the
In this way, we will consider the
importance of our BODY in MOTION.
For a long time the tracksuit and
doing sport have been associated
with children and young people
with higher social classes or a high
cultural level with the male sex…
Nowadays sport is within
everybody's reach: children,
older….., women. The economic
or cultural level is not a problem to
carry out physical activities,
everybody can do sport and
everywhere can be practiced.
Governments have created institutions that make the
organization of this phenomenon easier. Besides, greater
administrative, economic and political resources go to
improve its management.
INSTITUTIONALIZATION AND APPEARING OF
NEW WAYS OF ORGANIZATION
IOC (International Olympic Committee)
ASSOCIATIONS OF PROFESSIONAL SPORTSMEN
They are the institutions that regulate the greatest
competitions in our society such as the Olympic Games, the World
Cups of every sport and the competitions of Clubs. It would be the
professional sport devoted to earn millions of euros.
All the international federations of the Olympic Games are
included in the International Committee.
In the mass sports there are ASSOCIATIONS OF
PROFESSIONAL SPORTSMEN in golf or tennis; the PGA in golf or the
WTA in tennis for women.
This sport depends directly on the government of each country and its
development depends on this Council which depends at the same time on the Ministry
of Education and Culture.
Each NATIONAL FEDERATION regulates the competitions in every sport as
well as its organization and promotion.
The sports with a higher number of licenses in Spain:
FOOTBALL, BASKETBALL, HUNTING, GOLF, CLIMBING, TENNIS, JUDO,
HANDBALL, ATHLETICS, FISHING, KARATE, OLYMPIC SHOOTING, CYCLING,
VOLLEYBALL AND SWIMMING. There are a total of 3,520,192 licenses.
In mass sports there are PROFESSIONAL LEAGUES where clubs gather to
organize their own competitions, in Spain, the Professional League of Football, the
most important competition of clubs in our country.
In other sports, these competitions depend directly on the national
Federations: FEB (Spanish Federation of Basketball) or the RFEA (the Spanish
Federation of Athletics) or the RFTET (the Spanish Federation of Tennis)
THE REGIONAL EDUCATION MINISTRY
The different autonomous regions have authority in the promotion of sport
and physical activity.
AT A PROVINCIAL LEVEL
COUNCILS (SPORTS SECTIONS)
AT A LOCAL LEVEL
And finally, the town halls promote the popular sport as a means of favoring
health of citizens.
THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE
AFFILLIATED AND THE POPULAR SPORT
Each person chooses depending on his own necessities,
motivations and interests.
Summing up, to get the promotion of sport would be the main
aim of our society, the respect for our body, the importance of
effort and enjoy a spectacle make that sport is present in our society
something difficult to understand 100 years ago.
The sooner we start to do sport, the greater the tendency to
do it in an autonomous way during our life.
Therefore, practice sport, enjoy watching it and make of the
physical activity your lifestyle.