A2 Centres of Excellence

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A2 Centres of Excellence

  1. 1. A2 Physical Education Managing Elite Performance The Former East Germany, Australia and USA
  2. 2. The Former East Germany Post World War II 1949 – 1990 Two Separate States The German Democratic Republic A large political push for sporting excellence A state with a population similar to London finished second overall in the medal standings at the 1976 Olympics
  3. 3. A talent identification programme was put in place Rigorous testing of primary children Coaches, sport specialists and medical staff monitored attainment Potential talent attended child and youth sport schools Mainly Olympic disciplines Shop Window!
  4. 4. The East German Sports Model East German National Squad National Sports Institute State-run sports club Annual Spartakiad Sports boarding school Primary School Talent ID
  5. 5. State Plan 1425  Strive for Olympic success  Systematic doping of young athletes  Each athlete had their own doctor  Forced to take performance enhancing steroids The Jenapharm Case  Athletes launched legal action against the pharmaceutical giants Athletes claimed they knowingly gave drugs Jenapharm blaimed the communist system
  6. 6. TASK:  You are lawyers working the case.  Research the case  Decide which party you will represent  Produce a written argument to win the case.  You will then argue your case in class
  7. 7. Each of the sports schools were linked to state run sports clubs This allowed athletes to train full time without risking their amateur status for Olympic competition. Associated with particular trades Locomotive (Railway)/Dynamo (Police)/Spartak (Electricians)/CSKA (Army)
  8. 8. National Institutes of sport State of the art facilities Treadmills Swimming flumes Hypoxic Chambers Final preparation for the Olympics German College of Physical Culture in Leipzig Home to most of the ‘supportive medicine’
  9. 9. Modern Day Germany Germany still have a talent ID scheme sport institute model many Olympic training centres No doping scandal!
  10. 10. Australia Australian Institute of sport Born out of failure at the 1976 Olympics in Montreal One silver Four bronze A world best practice model for elite athlete development UK setting up similar programmes
  11. 11. Public displeasure led to large government funding Public money was spent on creating an elite sports system to ensure future succes
  12. 12. AIS 1981 Initial intake of 150 athletes across 8 sports AIS now offers scholarships to 600 athletes each year in 35 separate programmes covering 25 different sports It employs 75 full-time coached Main focus on the Olympics
  13. 13. High performance coaching State of the art technology World-class sports medicine and sports science facility Accommodation Sport Search Need for focussed, successful talent ID Pop: 20.7million compared to 60.5million in UK
  14. 14. http://www.ausport.gov.au/ais
  15. 15. Task: Using rowing as an example, explain how the AIS used sports search to identify potential talent in the build up to the 2000 Sydney Olympics.
  16. 16. Athlete Career and Education (ACE) Programme Australian scholarship holders Enhance personal development and performance through career and education services Advisors help athletes plan for life after sport
  17. 17. AIS also provides administrative, sports science and coaching services Funding for state and territory institutes, academies and national sporting organisations.
  18. 18. Some AIS developments The Ice Jacket http://www.sportsci.org/news/news9811/AISj ackets.html The Super Roo Bike & wind tunnel testing http://www.powerhousemuseum.com/hsc/bi ke/article.htm The Altitude House http://www.abc.net.au/news/olympics/featur es/altitude.htm
  19. 19. Since 1998 AIS has branched out from central model of Canberra to state run facilities Falls in line with federal/state political administration of Australia Reflection of their dedication to improvement and development Commonly athletes preferred to stay in their locality Non residential
  20. 20. United States of America Task: 20 mins Describe how the USA structure their sport and talent I.D. and how their scholarship programmes are structured. Give evidence of the following: Nurturing Talent High School Sport College and University Sport
  21. 21. USA  Sporting talent is nurtured through high school and college system  Not club based  Mirror of professional sport structure  Top class facilities for performers and spectators  Colleges receive huge support from local areas both financial and as spectators
  22. 22. Scholarships  Provides talented amateur sportsmen and women with an exclusive opportunity to pursue both an academic and athletic career simultaneously.  Can cover many, sometimes all, of the costs associated with earning a university degree.  In return, the student-athlete will represent the university in their respective sport and maintain a good level of academic performance.  There are currently over 500,000 student-athletes competing for approximately 2000 collegiate sports programs.
  23. 23. http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=pvuW_sWtETA
  24. 24. The Annual Draft Professional Sports Contract Draft 4 Years Higher Ed Squad Sports Scholarship High School Squad
  25. 25. Brought in in 1936 the draft is a mechanism for equalising the league and avoiding imbalance of power Professional clubs cream off the best college players Closely followed by media and public
  26. 26. Every college game is recorded and analysed by a national office Players are then ranked The top ranked go through to the draft Draft works in reverse order – weakest performing teams get first pick of the best college athletes Trading and competition between teams Start in feeder teams of professional clubs Only 5 % make it to first team
  27. 27. www.ncaa.org www.nfl.com/draft
  28. 28. Stretch and Challenge Copy out the text and answer the question Pg 159
  29. 29. The UK  What structures are in place and what developments have there been in the UK to enhance elite sport?
  30. 30. Have you made reference to these? UK Sport – sports councils World Class Performance Pathway UKSI National Network Centres NGB’s Elite Coach Education Programme ACE UK Athlete Funding
  31. 31. UK Sport Structure
  32. 32. World Class System
  33. 33. UKSI – National Network and High Performance Centres
  34. 34. www.uksport.gov.uk/pages/athlete_zone
  35. 35. ACE UK/Performance Lifestyle http://www.uksport.gov.uk/pages/performa nce-lifestyle/
  36. 36. How does the funding of elite athletes differ around the world?

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