Smoking, drinking and drug use by young people in England


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Smoking, drinking and drug use by young people in England

  1. 1. Smoking, drinking and drug useby young people in EnglandWhat do weknow?
  2. 2. 0%10%20%30%40%Ever takendrugsDrank alcoholin the pastweekRegularsmokerSmoking, drinking and drug use are falling:trends among 14 year olds 1
  3. 3. We know smoking is falling among adultsas well 20%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%16-19 20-24 25-34 35-49 50-59 60 andover20012011
  4. 4. That binge drinking is falling among youngadults (16-24) is less well known 20%5%10%15%20%25%30%35%40%45%2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011Men who drankmore than 8 unitson at least one dayin past weekWomen who drankmore than 6 unitson at least one dayin past week
  5. 5. What about illegal drugs?
  6. 6. Cannabis is by far the most common illegaldrug among young people 10%5%10%15%20%12 years13 years14 years15 yearsUsedinpastyear
  7. 7. Illegal drug use has been falling(% using in past year, 11-15 yr olds)10%2%4%6%8%10%12%14%16%CannabisAny stimulantsGlue, gas, aerosolsor solventsAny Class A drug
  8. 8. A similar pattern is seen among 16-24 yearolds (past year use)0%5%10%15%20%25%30%CannabisAny stimulantdrugAny Class Adrug
  9. 9. But many young people are still riskingtheir health 1 in 7 13 year olds say they have been drunk at leasttwice.4 1 in 10 15-16 year olds have had unprotected sexafter drinking.5 1 in 5 15 year olds smoked cannabis in the past year(and 1 in 20 took a Class A drug). 1 Ambulance services recorded 44 call outs each weekto underage drinkers in London alone in 2009.6
  10. 10. Future wellbeing can also be affected Early drinking, particularly frequent drinking andbinge drinking increases the risk of alcohol problemsin adulthood.7 The earlier someone starts smoking, the less likelythey are to have successfully given up smoking inlater life – and they are more likely to die earlier froma related condition or disease.8 Drinking once or twice a week has been associatedwith total GCSE scores around 20 points lower(equivalent to the difference between an A and an Din one subject).9
  11. 11. Drank inpastweek -28%Used drugsin pastmonth -12%Smoked inlast week -16%All 15 yearoldsNo recentsubstanceuse - 64%Smoking, drinking and drug use overlap1
  12. 12. Which young people are most at risk?
  13. 13. Risk factors7,10Environmente.g. easy access todrugs; friends usedrugs, smoke ordrink frequentlyFamilye.g. family conflict;parents don’t monitoractivities; parentssmoke, drink heavilyor use drugsPersonalitye.g. impulsivepersonality; depressionor stress; aggressivepersonalityOwn lifee.g. startssmoking, drinking atearly age; sexuallyactive at early ageEducatione.g. lowachievement;absence, truancyand drop-out; littleformal support
  14. 14. Protective factors7,10Environmente.g. friends thatdon’t drink or usedrugs; positiveadult role modelsFamilye.g. goodrelationship withparents; parentssupervise andmonitor activitiesPersonalitye.g. thinks beforeactingOwn lifee.g. starts smoking anddrinking at later age;religious valuesEducatione.g. does well atschool; gets onwell with teachers
  15. 15. What can schools do to help pupils stay safe?Find out more on
  16. 16. References1. Fuller, E. (2012) Smoking, drinking and drug use among young people inEngland in 2011. HSCIC2. Office for National Statistics (2013) General Lifestyle Survey, 20113. Home Office (2012) Drug misuse declared: findings from the 2011/12 CrimeSurvey for England and Wales. Home Office4. WHO (2012) Health behaviours in school-aged children5. ESPAD (2009) The 2007 ESPAD report6. Alcohol Concern (2010) Right time, right place. Alcohol harm reductionstrategies with children and young people. Alcohol Concern7. Donaldson, L. (2009) Guidance on the consumption of alcohol by childrenand young people. Department of Health8. Jit, M. et al. (2009) School-based interventions to prevent the uptake ofsmoking among children and young people: cost-effectiveness model. NICE9. Green, R. and Ross, A. (2010) Young people’s alcohol consumption and itsrelationship to other outcomes and behaviour. National Centre for SocialResearch10. Dillon, L., et al. (2007) Risk, protective factors and resilience to drug use:identifying resilient young people and learning from their experiences.Home Office