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Interesting things about alcohol and other drugs - June 2016

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One in a regular series of slides on interesting data about alcohol and other drugs (and issues to do with multiple needs) from a UK perspective

Published in: Government & Nonprofit
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Interesting things about alcohol and other drugs - June 2016

  1. 1. Interesting things about alcohol and other drugs June 2016 ANDREW BROWN @ANDREWBROWN365
  2. 2. Proportion of service users saying specific aspects of probation have changed for the better or worse since Transforming Rehabilitation Source: “Transforming Rehabilitation” The operational model from the service user’s perspective 20% 22% 27% 19% 24% 18% 21% 17% 27% 42% Help with offending behaviour Help with relationships Help with addiction Help with employment Help with housing Better Worse
  3. 3. Two in five Scottish prisoners were drunk (41%) and/or under the influence of drugs (40%) at the time of their offence 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 2008 2009 2011 2013 2015 I was drunk at the time of my offence I am worried that alcohol will be a problem for me when I get out I was under the influence of drugs at the time of my offence I am worried that my drug taking will be a problem when I get out Source: Scottish Prison Service Prisoners Survey 2015
  4. 4. Proportions of Scottish prisoners receiving treatment for mental ill-health and/or drug use 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% During your time in this prison, on this sentence have you attended mental health services I have received help/treatment for drug use during my sentence 2008 2009 2011 2013 2015 Source: Scottish Prison Service Prisoners Survey 2015
  5. 5. Self reported drug use in prison by Scottish prisoners 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 2008 2009 2011 2013 2015 Have you ever used illegal drugs in prison? Have you used illegal drugs in the last month while in this prison? Have you ever injected drugs in prison? Of those who reported ever using drugs in prison in the 2015 survey: • 76% said their drug use has changed during their current period in prison • Six in ten said their drug use has decreased (60%) • 20% said it increased • 10% reported that they had the same use but different drugs • 10% stated they only started using drugs in prison • Of those who injected in prison 82% shared works Source: Scottish Prison Service Prisoners Survey 2015
  6. 6. A quarter (27%) of Scottish prisoners had used an New Psychoactive Substance (NPS) before going into prison and one in ten prisoners (11%) said they had used them in prison 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% Not sure Downer Hallucinogen Stimulant / Upper Synthetic Cannabis Which categories of NPS had prisoners taken, outside and inside prison, amongst those who used them Outside prison Inside prison Source: Scottish Prison Service Prisoners Survey 2015
  7. 7. Where were Scottish prisoners living before their current sentence and where to they anticipate living when they leave prison? 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% Where were you living before coming into prison? Where will you be living when you leave prison? Source: Scottish Prison Service Prisoners Survey 2015
  8. 8. Rates of rough sleeping per 1,000 households by English region between 2010 and 2015 0 0.05 0.1 0.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 London West Midlands East Midlands North West East England South East South West North East Yorkshire and the Humber Source: http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-7586 Estimates of numbers of rough sleepers are produced by local authorities annually, each Autumn. Each local authority can decide whether to carry out a count of rough sleepers or produce an estimate based on contact with local experts (e.g. charities, the police).
  9. 9. Estimated number of rough sleepers in England by region 0 1000 2000 3000 4000 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 East Midlands East of England London North East North West South East South West West Midlands Yorkshire and Humber Source: http://researchbriefings.parliament.uk/ResearchBriefing/Summary/CBP-7586
  10. 10. The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK £117 £542 £936 £3,228 £3,267 £5,146 £5,793 £- £1,000 £2,000 £3,000 £4,000 £5,000 £6,000 £7,000 Ischaemic stroke Ischaemic heart disease Breast cancer Alcohol Smoking Overweight and obesity Poor diet £millions Estimated costs to NHS In 2006–07, 46% of total NHS costs (over £43 billion) were due to diseases related to poor diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and overweight/obesity (although not all of these costs were due to the risk factors, since not all of the incident cases of these conditions were due to the risk factors). The estimate for the cost of alcohol- related ill health was increased, due to an increase in the percentage of NHS costs due to alcohol-related conditions. Source: The economic burden of ill health due to diet, physical inactivity, smoking, alcohol and obesity in the UK: an update to 2006–07 NHS costs
  11. 11. Incident rate of adolescent poisonings per 100,000 person years in the UK 0 50 100 150 200 250 300 350 400 1992–1996 1997–2001 2002–2006 2007–2012 • Adolescent poisonings in the UK have increased substantially from 1992 to 2012, the vast majority being intentional followed by alcohol related poisonings. • Poisoning rates are 2–3 times higher in the most deprived socioeconomic groups compared with the least deprived, and this inequality has not improved over time. • Intentional poisonings in females are considerably higher than in males, and this gap has increased over time. Tailoring of interventions based on the age and sex profiles of risk need consideration in planning and commissioning services. Source:: Changes In Poisonings Among Adolescents In The UK Between 1992 And 2012: A Population Based Cohort Study
  12. 12. Proportion of the public in selected European countries perceiving e-cigarettes as harmful 0 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 2012 2014 Source: Two-year trends and predictors of e-cigarette use in 27 European Union member states As e-cigarettes become more popular, more information becomes available and evidence on potential risks associated with its use is accumulated. Perceptions could also be influenced by public health campaigns, advertising and attitudes of health professionals and public health agencies towards e-cigarettes. For example, Public Health England recently published a report highlighting the potential of e- cigarettes as a harm reduction device, whereas most public health agencies in the EU have not done anything similar. Even though this report was published after the second wave of the survey, it might reflect a more favourable stance of authorities towards e-cigarettes in the UK, which may explain why it had one of the lowest proportions of respondents who perceive e- cigarettes as harmful.
  13. 13. Substance use findings from “Suicide by children and young people in England” report 0% 5% 10% 15% 20% 25% 30% 35% 40% Male Female Under 18 18-19 years Alcohol use seen as excessive Illicit drug use Family substance misuse “Most of the antecedents of suicide identified in this study—exam pressures, abuse, bullying, bereavement, physical health conditions, and self-harm—were more common in females. Illicit drug use was more common in males. Males were less likely to be known to services. “There were also differences in antecedents in those under 18 or 18-19 years old. Abuse, academic pressures and bullying were more common in those under 18, while excessive alcohol use, illicit drug use and serious self- harm were more common in 18-19 year olds.” Source: Suicide by children and young people in England. National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness (NCISH). Manchester: University of Manchester, 2016. n = 145

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