Drug and alcohol education mapping exercise 2013


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Survey of PSHE teachers from across England about drug and alcohol education and prevention,

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Drug and alcohol education mapping exercise 2013

  1. 1. Drug and alcohol education in schools 2013 Teacher Mapping Exercise
  2. 2. Key Messages  Drug and alcohol education provision remains inconsistent.  Primary schools have less access to support and resources, but secondary schools also identify unmet needs.  Assessment and evaluation, continuity in learning and quality assurance of resources and external support remain weaker areas.  While there are examples of excellent drug and alcohol education teaching, many teachers highlighted a lack of curriculum time, constraints on finance for resources and training, and delivery by non-specialist services.
  3. 3. About the research  Teachers from 288 schools across England responded to our questionnaire during June 2013. Follow-up telephone interviews were carried out with 20 of these.  156 respondents were from secondary schools and 70 from primary schools, the remainder in other settings, e.g. middle schools, FE colleges, PRUs  The majority were reached directly through the PSHE Association’s mailing lists.
  4. 4. School drugs education and policy  Most respondents (95%) said that their school provided some drug and alcohol education  86% said that their institution had a whole school drugs policy (8% said ‘No’ and 7% ‘Don’t know’) “The school drug policy isn’t in the staff handbook…but it is on the online system if people want to look at it. In teaching they would only refer to it if there was a safeguarding issue.”
  5. 5. Time available for drug and alcohol education A lack of curriculum time was noted by interviewees as an important constraint. The hours allocated depended on the importance placed on drug and alcohol education. “The most important aspect which could be improved would be curriculum time... it’s about having enough time to build effective teaching and experience.”
  6. 6. Pupils generally receive 1-2 hours of drug and alcohol education a year or less 0% 10% 20% 30% 40% 50% 60% 70% 80% 90% 100% Key stage one Key stage two (lower) Key stage two (upper) Key stage three Key stage four Key stage five None < 1 hour per year 1-2 hours per year > 2 hours per year
  7. 7. Teachers’ views on what makes an effective teaching resource: 85% Engages pupils’ interest 82% Makes pupils think about their attitudes and values 59% Links with other health ed & wider issues in pupils’ lives 55% Sparks discussion 52% Meets the needs of a range of pupils 51% Gives opportunities to build and practise life skills 46% Creates continuity and builds on previous learning 37% Can be delivered by non-specialist teachers 33% Identifies clear learning outcomes 31% Has been evaluated and shown to be effective 23% Contains hard-hitting messages
  8. 8. Secondary schools’ access to resources  Secondary schools felt there were some gaps in their drug and alcohol education resources: Feel that the school is well equipped to teach all areas needed Mostly, but there are a few gaps Sometimes, b ut several resources are less than ideal/need updating Little access to effective resources
  9. 9. Perceived gaps (secondary)  In interviews and comments, a common complaint was that resources were not up-to- date, or not relevant for their pupils.  This was reflected in two-thirds of secondary teachers wanting resources on ‘legal highs’  Generally, secondary teachers were keen for resources which placed drug and alcohol use in the context of other issues in their pupils’ lives...
  10. 10. Most popular topics for resources (secondary) 65% ‘Legal highs’ 56% Links between d & a use and sex and relationships 55% Links between d & a use and mental illness 52% Coping with stressful situations without using d or a 47% How many peers use (countering myth that ‘everyone does it’) 44% Links between d & a use and personal safety 43% Practising assertiveness skills 40% Thinking critically about the media and alcohol
  11. 11. Primary schools’ access to resources  A fifth of primary schools (19%) said they had little access to effective resources.  Just 16% felt they were well equipped to teach all areas Yes, feel that the school is well equipped to teach all areas needed Mostly, but there are a few gaps Sometimes, but several resources are less than ideal/need… Little access to effective resources
  12. 12. Perceived gaps (primary)  From the most popular requests for new resources, primary schools seem to perceive a lack of basic, substance-specific teaching resources. “Lots of resources are for secondary schools. (We) need specialist resources for Key Stage 2 which inform without scaring.”
  13. 13. Most popular topics for resources (primary) 50% Alcohol 44% Illegal drugs (general) 43% Tobacco 43% Practising assertiveness skills 41% Safe use of medicines 34% Thinking about values, attitudes and working towards long-term goals 30% Thinking critically about the media and alcohol 27% How many peers use (countering myth that ‘everyone does it’) 27% The law around drugs, alcohol and tobacco
  14. 14. What informs schools’ teaching?  Anecdotal evidence is drawn on more than structured needs assessment.  Over half of schools don’t take into account assessment of pupils’ learning.  Primary schools draw on a much narrower base of information: one in ten primary schools said their teaching was informed by ‘none of the above’
  15. 15. Drug and alcohol education is informed by... 0% 50% 100% None of the above Other (please specify) Surveys of pupil behaviour Class needs analysis Pupil involvement in evaluating Assessment of pupils’ learning Incidents among pupils Local data National events or trends Informal school knowledge on pupils Secondary Primary
  16. 16. Non-specialist teachers  Mixed confidence amongst teachers in delivering PSHE and drug and alcohol education remains an issue within schools “The real barrier that effective (drug and alcohol) teaching faces within the school is that it is not delivered through a PSHE team which leads to a huge variety in delivery.” “We have some staff who are excellent practitioners, but others are very wary of having to teach PSHE and 'awkward' lesson materials.”
  17. 17. Financial constraints  some interview participants indicated that their schools lacked the financial capacity necessary to secure good external resources of support “It is hard to find funding to bring in outside speakers and it is sometimes also hard to afford good resources.”
  18. 18. School support  For all types of support , secondaries were more likely to access them than primaries. 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Advice on school drug policy General advice on drug and alcohol education Classroom resources Factual information about drugs and alcohol Staff Training Secondary Primary
  19. 19. School support  FRANK, the police and the PSHE Association were all used more by secondary schools than primary 0% 20% 40% 60% 80% 100% Other Charity/ Company/… Police PSHE Association * FRANK website Local authority advisor Secondary Primary * Because the majority of respondents were contacted through the PSHE Association more schools would be expected to cite this as a source of support.
  20. 20. What schools wanted more support on  Classroom resources (81%) were most popular.  Next most popular were best practice guidance (57%), policy updates (53%) and good practice case studies (50%)
  21. 21. Secondary schools were more likely to want:  Updates on research about effective drug and alcohol prevention (50% vs 34%)  Resources to help assess pupils’ needs (44% vs 33%)  Advice on assessing pupils’ learning and evaluating drug education provision (49% vs 30%)  Targeted resources for working with pupils seen as ‘at risk’ (41% vs 20%)  Opportunities to network with other practitioners and experts in the field (31% vs 20%)
  22. 22. Parents  Overall, 40% said they would like advice on working with parents.  Some interviewees from primary noted that parents were often uneasy with drug and alcohol education being taught.  Two respondents from secondary settings reported that external support for engaging parents with PSHE had now been withdrawn because of cuts, leaving the teachers themselves feeling less confident about working with parents.
  23. 23. For more information  The full report detailing the findings from the survey can be downloaded from http://mentor-adepis.org  Contact us: adepis@mentoruk.org @mentor-adepis 020 7553 9920