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Workshop with answers.

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Present Real Conditionals Workshop With Answers Present Real Conditionals Workshop With Answers Document Transcript

  • lefttopPanamerican SchoolMore than education: a challenge to the future, without borders
    Prof. Moisés De CastroGrammarGrade 10 WorkshopDate: ____________________Names: ______________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________
    General instructions: Do not scratch or use liquid paper. Orthographical mistakes will be deducted from the total grade.
    I – Discover the Grammar
    Read these shopping tips. In each real conditional sentence, underline the result clause once. Underline the clause that expresses the condition twice.
    KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
    You’re shopping in a foreign city. Should you pay full price, or should you bargain? If you don’t know the answer, you can pay too much or miss a fun experience. Bargaining is one of the greatest shopping pleasures if you know how to do it. The strategies are different in different places. Check out these tips before you go.
    Hong Kong
    Hong Kong is one of the world’s greatest shopping cities. If you like to bargain, you can do it anywhere except the larger department stores. The trick is not to look too interested. If you see something you want, pick it up along with some other items and ask the prices. Then make an offer below what you are willing to pay. If the seller’s offer is close to the price you want, then you should be able to reach an agreement quickly.
    Italy
    Bargaining in Italy is appropriate at outdoor markets and with street vendors. In stores, you can politely ask for a discount if you want to bargain. Take your time. Make conversation if you speak Italian. Show your admiration for the object by picking it up and pointing out its wonderful features. When you hear the price, look sad. Make your own offer. End the bargaining politely if you can’t agree.
    Mexico
    In Mexico, people truly enjoy bargaining. There are some clear rules, though. You should bargain only if you really are interested in buying the object. If the vendor’s price is far more than you want to pay, then politely stop the negotiation. If you know your price is reasonable, walking away will often bring a lower offer.
    Remember, bargaining is always a social interaction, not an argument. And it can still be fun even if you don’t get the item you want at the price you want to pay.
    II – If You’re Shopping in…
    Read this online forum about shopping around the world. Write conditional sentences to summarize the advice.
    • Hong Kong
    • Q: I want to buy some traditional crafts. Any ideas?
    • A: You ought to visit the Western District on Hong Kong Island. It’s famous for its crafts. View slide
    • If you want to buy some traditional crafts, you ought to visit the Western District on Hong Kong Island OR You ought to visit the Western District on Hong Kong Island if you want to buy some traditional crafts. View slide
    • Barcelona
    • Q: I’d like to buy some nice but inexpensive clothes. Where can I go?
    • A: Take the train to open air markets in towns outside of the city. They have great stuff.
    • If you’d like to buy some nice but inexpensive clothes, take the train to open air markets in towns outside of the city OR Take the train to open air markets in towns outside of the city if you’d like to buy some nice but inexpensive clothes.
    • Rome
    • Q: I’m looking for a shopping mall. Are there any in Rome?
    • A: You need to go away from the city center. But I think the small shops are nicer.
    • If you’re looking for a shopping mall, you need to go away from the city center OR You need to go away from the city center if you’re looking for a shopping mall.
    • Istanbul
    • Q: I want to go shopping in the Grand Bazaar. Is it open on Sunday?
    • A: You have to go during the week. It’s closed on Sunday.
    • If you want to go shopping in the Grand Bazaar, you have to go during the week OR You have to go during the week if you want to go shopping in the Grand Bazaar.
    • New York
    • Q: I want to buy some unusual gifts. Any suggestions?
    • A: Shop in Soho. The neighborhood has lots of very interesting stores.
    • If you want to buy some unusual gifts, shop in Soho OR Shop in Soho if you want to buy some unusual gifts.
    • Bangkok
    • Q: My son wants to buy computer games. Where should he go?
    • A: He should try the Panthip Plaza. The selection is huge.
    • If your son wants to buy computer games, he should try the Panthip Plaza OR Your son should try the Panthip Plaza if he wants to buy computer games.
    • Mexico City
    • Q: I plan to buy some silver jewelry in Mexico. Any tips?
    • A: You should be able to get something nice at a very good price. Try bargaining.
    • If you plan to buy some silver jewelry in Mexico, you should be able to get something nice at a very good price OR If you plan to buy some silver jewelry in Mexico, try bargaining OR You should be able to get something nice at a very good price if you plan to buy some silver jewelry in Mexico OR Try bargaining if you plan to buy some silver jewelry in Mexico.
    • London
    • Q: I’d like to find some nice secondhand clothing shops. Can you help me?
    • A: Try the Portobello market on the weekend. Happy shopping!
    • If you’d like to find some nice secondhand clothing shops, try the Portobello market on the weekend OR Try the Portobello market on the weekend if you’d like to find some nice secondhand clothing shops.
    III – Frequent Buyer
    Complete the interview with Claudia Leggett, a fashion buyer. Combine the two sentences in parenthesis to make a real conditional sentence. Keep the same order and decide which clause begins with if. Make necessary changes in capitalization and punctuation.
    Interviewer:Is understanding fashion the most important thing for a career as a buyer?
    Leggett:It is. If you don’t understand fashion, you don’t belong in this field. (You don’t understand fashion. You don’t belong in this field.) But buyers need other skills too.
    Interviewer:Such as?
    Leggett:You can make better decisions if you have good business skills. (You can make better decisions. You have good business skills.)
    Interviewer:“People skills” must be important too.
    Leggett:True. A buyer needs great interpersonal skills if she’s negotiating prices. (A buyer needs great interpersonal skills. She’s negotiating prices.)
    Interviewer:Do you travel in your business?
    Leggett:A lot! If there’s a big international fashion fair, I’m usually there. (There’s a big international fashion fair. I’m usually there.)
    Interviewer:Why fashion fairs?
    Leggett:Thousands of professionals attend. If I go to a fair, I can see hundreds of products in a few days. (I go to a fair. I can see hundreds of products in a few days.)
    Interviewer:You just got back from the Leipzig fair, didn’t you?
    Leggett:Yes, and I went to Paris and Madrid too. I usually stay two week if I travel to Europe. (I usually stay two weeks. I travel to Europe.)
    Interviewer:Does your family ever go with you?
    Leggett:Often. If my husband can come, he and our son, Pietro, do things together. (My husband can come. He and our son, Pietro, do things together.) Pietro comes to the fair with me if my husband can’t get away. (Pietro comes to the fair with me. My husband can’t get away.) Next week, we’re all going to Hong Kong.
    Interviewer:What do you do when you’re not at a fashion fair?
    Leggett:I always go shopping if I have free time. (I always go shopping. I have free time.)
    IV – When it’s Noon in Montreal…
    Look at the chart on page 320. Write sentences about the cities with clocks. Use the words in parenthesis and when. Note: The light clocks show daily hours; the shaded clocks show evening or nighttime hours.
    • When it’s noon in Montreal, it’s midnight in Jakarta. (be noon / be midnight)
    • When stores are opening in Los Angeles, they’re closing in Johannesburg OR When stores open in Los Angeles, they close in Johannesburg. (stores open / stores close)
    • When people are watching the sun rise in Honolulu, they’re watching the sun set in Madrid OR When people watch the sun rise in Honolulu, they watch the sun set in Madrid. (people watch the sun rise / people watch the sun set)
    • When it’s midnight in Jakarta, it’s 6:00 P.M. in Madrid. (be midnight / be 6:00 P.M.)
    • When people are eating lunch in Montreal, they’re eating dinner in Madrid OR When people eat lunch in Montreal, they eat dinner in Madrid. (people eat lunch / people eat dinner)
    • When people are getting up in Los Angeles, they’re going to bed in Bombay OR When people get up in Los Angeles, they go to bed in Bombay. (people get up / people go to bed)
    • When it’s 7:00 A.M. in Honolulu, it’s 7:00 P.M. in Johannesburg. (be 7:00 A.M. / be 7:00 P.M)
    • When it’s 5:00 A.M. in Wellington, it’s 9:00 A.M in Los Angeles. (be 5:00 A.M. / be 9:00 A.M.)
    V – Editing
    Read Claudia’s e-mail message. There are eight mistakes in the use of present real conditionals. Find and correct them. Don’t forget to check punctuation.
    Tomorrow I’m flying to Hong Kong for a fashion show! My son, Pietro, is flying with me, and my husband is already there. Whenever Pietro’s off from school, I liked like to take him on trips with me. If my husband comes too, they are going go sightseeing during the day.
    Our plane leaves Los Angeles around midnight. If we flew fly at night, we can sleep on the plane. (At least that’s the plan!)
    I love Hong Kong. We always have a great time, when we will go there. The shopping is fantastic. When I’m not working, I’m shopping.
    I’ll call you when I arrive at the hotel (around 7:00 a.m.). When it’s will be 7:00 a.m. in Hong Kong, it’s midnight in London. Is that too late to call? If you want to talk, just calling call. And, of course you can always e-mail me.