More than education: a challenge to the future, without borders
Prof.MoisésDe Castro Grammar
Grade 10 Workshop Date: ____________________
Names: _________________________ _________________________
General instructions:Do notscratch or use liquid paper.Orthographical mistakes will be deducted
from the total grade.
I – Discoverthe Grammar
Read these shopping tips. In each real conditional sentence, underline the result clause once.
Underline the clause that expresses the condition twice.
KNOW BEFORE YOU GO
You’re shopping in a foreign city. Should you pay full price, or should you bargain? If you
don’t know the answer, you can pay too much or miss a fun experience. Bargaining is one of the
greatest shopping pleasures if you know how to do it. The strategies are different in different
places. Check out these tips before you go.
Hong Kongis one of the world’sgreatestshoppingcities. If you like to bargain, you can do
it anywhere exceptthe largerdepartmentstores.The trickisnotto looktoo interested. If you see
something you want, pick it up along with some other items and ask the prices. Then make an
offerbelowwhat youare willingtopay. If the seller’sofferisclose tothe price youwant, then you
should be able to reach an agreement quickly.
Bargaining in Italy is appropriate at outdoor markets and with street vendors. In stores,
you can politely ask for a discount if you want to bargain. Take your time. Make conversation if
you speak Italian. Show your admiration for the object by picking it up and pointing out its
wonderful features.Whenyouhearthe price, look sad. Make your own offer. End the bargaining
politely if you can’t agree.
In Mexico,people trulyenjoy bargaining. There are some clear rules, though. You should
bargainonlyif you reallyare interestedinbuyingthe object. If the vendor’s price is far more than
youwant to pay,thenpolitelystopthe negotiation.If you know your price is reasonable, walking
away will often bring a lower offer.
Remember, bargaining is always a social interaction, not an argument. And it can still be
fun even if you don’t get the item you want at the price you want to pay.
II – If You’re Shopping in…
Read this online forum about shopping around the world. Write conditional sentences to
summarize the advice.
1. Hong Kong
Q: I want to buy some traditional crafts. Any ideas?
A: You ought to visit the Western District on Hong Kong Island. It’s famous for its crafts.
If you wantto buy some traditional crafts,yououghtto visit the Western District on Hong
KongIsland OR You oughtto visitthe Western District on Hong Kong Island if you want to
buy some traditional crafts.
Q: I’d like to buy some nice but inexpensive clothes. Where can I go?
A: Take the train to open air markets in towns outside of the city. They have great stuff.
If you’dlike tobuy some nice butinexpensive clothes,take the traintoopenairmarketsin
townsoutsideof the city OR Take the trainto openair marketsintowns outsideof the city
if you’d like to buy some nice but inexpensive clothes.
Q: I’m looking for a shopping mall. Are there any in Rome?
A: You need to go away from the city center. But I think the small shops are nicer.
If you’re looking for a shopping mall, you need to go away from the city center OR You
need to go away from the city center if you’re looking for a shopping mall.
Q: I want to go shopping in the Grand Bazaar. Is it open on Sunday?
A: You have to go during the week. It’s closed on Sunday.
If you want to go shopping in the Grand Bazaar, you have to go during the week OR You
have to go during the week if you want to go shopping in the Grand Bazaar.
5. New York
Q: I want to buy some unusual gifts. Any suggestions?
A: Shop in Soho. The neighborhood has lots of very interesting stores.
If you want to buy some unusual gifts, shop in Soho OR Shop in Soho if you want to buy
some unusual gifts.
Q: My son wants to buy computer games. Where should he go?
A: He should try the Panthip Plaza. The selection is huge.
If your son wants to buy computer games, he should try the Panthip Plaza OR Your son
should try the Panthip Plaza if he wants to buy computer games.
7. Mexico City
Q: I plan to buy some silver jewelry in Mexico. Any tips?
A: You should be able to get something nice at a very good price. Try bargaining.
If you planto buysome silverjewelryinMexico,youshouldbe able toget something nice
at a verygoodprice OR If youplanto buysome silverjewelryinMexico, try bargaining OR
You should be able to get something nice at a very good price if you plan to buy some
silverjewelryinMexico ORTrybargainingif youplanto buy some silverjewelryinMexico.
Q: I’d like to find some nice secondhand clothing shops. Can you help me?
A: Try the Portobello market on the weekend. Happy shopping!
If you’dlike tofind some nice secondhandclothingshops,trythe Portobellomarketonthe
weekend OR Try the Portobello market on the weekend if you’d like to find some nice
secondhand clothing shops.
III – Frequent Buyer
Complete the interview with Claudia Leggett, a fashion buyer. Combine the two sentences in
parenthesis to make a real conditional sentence. Keep the same order and decide which clause
begins with if. Make necessary changes in capitalization and punctuation.
Interviewer: Is understanding fashion the most important thing for a career as a buyer?
Leggett: It is. If you don’t understand fashion, you don’t belong in this field. (You don’t
understand fashion. You don’t belong in this field.) But buyers need other skills
Interviewer: Such as?
Leggett: You can make better decisions if you have good business skills. (You can make
better decisions. You have good business skills.)
Interviewer: “People skills” must be important too.
Leggett: True. A buyerneedsgreatinterpersonal skills if she’s negotiating prices. (A buyer
needs great interpersonal skills. She’s negotiating prices.)
Interviewer: Do you travel in your business?
Leggett: A lot! If there’s a big international fashion fair, I’m usually there. (There’s a big
international fashion fair. I’m usually there.)
Interviewer: Why fashion fairs?
Leggett: Thousandsof professionals attend. If I go to a fair, I can see hundreds of products
in a few days. (I go to a fair. I can see hundreds of products in a few days.)
Interviewer: You just got back from the Leipzig fair, didn’t you?
Leggett: Yes, and I went to Paris and Madrid too. I usually stay two week if I travel to
Europe. (I usually stay two weeks. I travel to Europe.)
Interviewer: Does your family ever go with you?
Leggett: Often. If my husband can come, he and our son, Pietro, do things together. (My
husband can come. He and our son, Pietro, do things together.) Pietro comes to
the fair with me if my husband can’t get away. (Pietro comes to the fair with me.
My husband can’t get away.) Next week, we’re all going to Hong Kong.
Interviewer: What do you do when you’re not at a fashion fair?
Leggett: I always go shopping if I have free time. (I always go shopping. I have free time.)
IV – When it’s Noon in Montreal…
Look at the chart on page 320. Write sentences about the cities with clocks. Use the words in
parenthesisand when.Note:The light clocks show daily hours; the shaded clocks show evening or
1. Whenit’snoonin Montreal,it’smidnightin Jakarta. (be noon/be midnight)
2. Whenstoresare openinginLosAngeles,they’re closinginJohannesburg ORWhenstores
openinLos Angeles,theycloseinJohannesburg. (storesopen/storesclose)
3. Whenpeople are watchingthe sunrise inHonolulu,they’rewatchingthe sunsetin
Madrid OR Whenpeople watchthe sunrise inHonolulu,theywatchthe sunsetinMadrid.
(people watchthe sunrise /people watchthe sunset)
4. Whenit’smidnightinJakarta,it’s6:00 P.M. inMadrid. (be midnight/be 6:00 P.M.)
5. Whenpeople are eatinglunchinMontreal,they’re eatingdinnerinMadrid OR When
people eatlunchinMontreal,theyeatdinnerinMadrid. (people eatlunch/people eat
6. Whenpeople are gettingupinLos Angeles,they’regoingtobedinBombay OR When
people getupinLos Angeles,theygotobedinBombay. (people getup/people goto
7. Whenit’s7:00 A.M.in Honolulu,it’s7:00 P.M. inJohannesburg. (be 7:00A.M. / be 7:00
8. Whenit’s5:00 A.M.in Wellington,it’s9:00 A.MinLos Angeles.(be 5:00A.M. / be 9:00
V – Editing
Read Claudia’s e-mail message. There are eight mistakes in the use of present real conditionals.
Find and correct them. Don’t forget to check punctuation.
Tomorrow I’m flying to Hong Kong for a fashion show! My son, Pietro, is flying with me, and my
husbandisalreadythere.WheneverPietro’soff from school, I liked like to take him on trips with
me. If my husband comes too, they are going go sightseeing during the day.
Our plane leavesLosAngelesaroundmidnight. If we flew fly at night, we can sleep on the plane.
(At least that’s the plan!)
I love HongKong.We alwayshave a great time, when we will go there. The shopping is fantastic.
When I’m not working, I’m shopping.
I’ll call youwhenI arrive at the hotel (around7:00 a.m.).When it’s will be 7:00 a.m. in Hong Kong,
it’smidnightinLondon. Is that too late to call? If you want to talk, just calling call. And, of course
you can always e-mail me.