Responsibility for Safety: Employer• Your Employer must: – Select safe equipment – Identify and control hazards – Establish safety rules and procedures
Responsibility for Safety: Employee• You are responsible for: – Arriving at work in good physical condition – Completing your tasks as trained – Following the safety rules and procedures – Using your brain, not just your back
Some Terms• Accident – an unexpected event resulting in injury, illness, or property damage.• Hazard- a condition that could cause an injury.
New Employee Orientation• Tour of the work area• Location of medical care• Method of reporting injuries• Location of fire and emergency equipment• Required personal protective equipment• Incentive and awards programs• Housekeeping requirements• Required department inspections• Plant safety rules
Bulletin Boards/Communication• Required federal/state safety posters• Additional safety posters on a wide variety of subjects• Method of obtaining emergency care• Plant safety rules• Plant emergency plan and map• List and location of all chemicals used in each department
Training• Required training for the job being assigned• Use of powered industrial equipment• Safe handling of chemicals on the job• Proper lifting and carrying techniques• First aid and CPR procedures• Emergency evacuation, weather emergencies, fire safety procedures• Information covered by signs and tags
Additional Training• Use of forklifts and cranes• Machine safety• Lockout/tagout procedures• Use of respirators and other personal protective equipment• Radiation, fumes, mists, gases, etc.• Welding and cutting procedures• Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)
Incentive Programs• Some companies use incentive programs to encourage safe work habits – The incentives could include extra time off with pay, bonuses, social events, dinners, etc.
Food For Thought• Safety experts agree that a hazardous condition usually causes many close calls before it causes a major accident.• On average a person may have 300 unsafe acts/close calls before a major accident occurs. • You are not guaranteed 300 unsafe acts/close calls before you are horribly injured and scarred for life (if lucky)• Safety committees are developed to allow employees and supervisors to meet and discuss safety issues.
Examples• Not wearing required PPE• Engaging in horseplay, distractions, or teasing• Operating any equipment without being trained properly• Operating equipment outside its intended operating range• Failing to secure or store objects properly• Failing to warn or give information or signals to others
Examples Continued• Working on moving equipment• Carrying, lifting, or loading in unsafe ways• Making safety devices inoperative• Using unsafe or dangerous equipment or machinery• Failing to call attention to the unsafe acts of others.
Unsafe Conditions• Defective tools, equipment, or machinery• Dangerous work surfaces, work areas, and elevations• Inadequate ventilation, illumination, or work station design• Inadequate or improper warning procedures and alarm systems• Unsafe clothing or protection devices• Slippery walking surfaces (floors, aisles, steps)
719.01-02Fig. 1-2. Unsafe conditions in the plant
Inspection• Before you can eliminate unsafe conditions, someone must first identify them!• When you see an unsafe condition do something about it!• Safety begins with you, not ‘someone else’
Hazard Help• PPE –Personal protective equipment – Sometimes the only way to reduce hazards – It only works if you use it PROPERLY!• Engineering controls – Proper ventilation or a fume capture device – Proper barriers , etc.
Type of Accidents• Caught-between accident• Caught-in accident• Caught-on accident• Fall from above accident• Fall same level accident• Struck-by accident• Struck-against accident• Contacted-by accident• Exposure accident• Strain/overexertion accident
719.0 1-07Fig. 1-7. Typical accident investigation report form
Handling Emergencies• First and foremost STAY CALM!• Fire• Natural emergencies• Chemical spills• First aid and CPR
Safety Off the Job• The moment you leave the plant your chances of being injured or killed TRIPLE! The most dangerous place to be is in an automobile.• Wear your seat belt• Stay calm driving• Make sure you are machine ready• Try not to give others reason to target you
Safety in the Home• Second most dangerous place next to your vehicle• If it would be a safety requirement at work, make it a requirement at home.• Just because it is a home environment, don’t be cheap.• The person responsible for your safety is YOU not the manufacturer!