Relative pronouns


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Relative pronouns

  1. 1. RelativePronouns<br />
  2. 2. Os pronomes relativos introduzem orações subordinadas adjetivas (restritivas ou explicativas). Essas orações definem, limitam ou acrescentam algo ao significado antecedente.<br />
  3. 3. Who / That(Quem/que)<br />São usados quando o antecedente for pessoa<br />The girl who/thatarrived is beautiful<br />
  4. 4. Which/That(que)<br /> São usados quando o antecedente não for pessoa<br />The book which/thatyousuggested is good<br />
  5. 5. O pronome relativo pode ser sujeito ou objeto do verbo<br />The girl whohasjustarrived is beautiful(sujeito) <br />The girl who I saw is beautiful(objeto)<br />
  6. 6. Quando o pronome relativo for objeto do verbo:<br /> ele pode ser omitido<br />Who pode ser substituído por whom (que, quem)<br />The girl who/whom/that/ X I saw is pretty<br />Thedogwhich/ that/ X I saw is hurt<br />
  7. 7. Após preposições usa-se:<br />Whom (pessoa)<br />which (não pessoa)<br />Nesses casos o relativos não pode ser omitido<br />The girl aboutwhomyou are talking is mysister<br />The book aboutwhichyou are talking is expensive<br />
  8. 8. The woman who called you is my friend.<br />The woman whom/ who you called is my friend.<br />The woman that called you is my friend. (informal)  <br />The woman that you called is my friend. (informal)<br />
  9. 9. Subject who vs. Object whom Pronouns<br />WHO - SUBJECT OF THE CLAUSE / WHOM - OBJECT OF THE CLAUSE <br />The woman who called you  is here.  <br /> Subject can´t omit<br />The woman  (whom) you called  is here. <br />You can omit the object pronoun.    <br />The woman   (that) you called  is here.  <br />You can omit the object pronoun.                                 <br />
  10. 10. How do you know if it takes the place  of an object? <br />If the relative pronoun is followed by a verb, then it is likely that the relative pronoun is the subject of the clause. It cannot be deleted.<br />If the relative pronoun is followed by a subject noun or pronoun – I, we, he, she, they – then that or who must be the object and it can be deleted.<br /> <br />
  11. 11. They guy who showed us his car appears to be honest.  (Cannot delete who.)(verb)<br />The guy  [who/whom] we spoke to appears to be honest.  (Can delete who.)(subject pronoun)<br />The guy who sold me the car disappeared.                      <br />(Cannot delete who.verb)<br />
  12. 12. The guy [who/whom] Jack sold the car to is angry.  (Can delete who.)(subject pronoun)   <br />The driver who  probably hit my car lives next door.          (Cannot delete who.)(adverb + verb)<br />The driver [who/ whom] Jack and I probably hit is angry.     (Can delete who.)(double subject pronoun)   <br />
  13. 13. WhoseCujo, cuja, cujos, cujas<br />É usado para mostrar relação de posse. É sempre seguido por um substantivo e nunca pode ser omitido<br />Themanwhosesonwassickwants to talk to you<br />Thehousewhosewindows are open is for sale<br />
  14. 14. Put in the relative who, which or whose where necessary. Type an x if the relative pronoun can be left out.<br />1) This is the boy______ had an accident.<br /> 2) Yesterday I saw a car______ was really old. <br /> 3) Mandy is the girl_______ I met on Friday.<br /> 4) I haven't seen Frank,________ brother is five, for a long time now<br />
  15. 15. 4) I haven't seen Frank,_____ brother is five, for a long time now. <br />5) The robber stole the car____ the lady parked in front of the supermarket.<br /> 6) This is the man________ house is on fire.<br /> 7) Can I talk to the girl________ is sitting on the bench? <br />
  16. 16. 8) The book________ you gave me is great.<br />9) She likes hamburgers are hot.<br /> 10) Bill Clinton,________ was President of the USA, has only one daughter<br />