Relative Sentences

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A presentation explaining the relative pronouns and the relative clauses - defining and non-defining

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  • Gracias, Carmen por compartir unas presentaciones tan estupendas. Acabo de adaptar esta misma a mis necesidades. Puedes ver mis propias presentaciones y usarlas a tu atonjo. Mi nombre de usuario es esuarezguillen. Un saludo. Eva Suárez. Las Palmas de Gran Canaria.
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Relative Sentences

  1. 1. RELATIVE SENTENCES Carmen Torres
  2. 2. What’s a relative clause? <ul><li>A subordinate clause depending on a main clause </li></ul><ul><li>THE ANTECEDENT is a word that belongs to the main clause. It is the person, object, place, etc. the relative clause refers to. </li></ul><ul><li>THE RELATIVE CLAUSE always follows its antecedent. </li></ul><ul><li>A RELATIVE PRONOUN joins the antecedent to the relative clause. </li></ul>
  3. 3. Types of Relative clauses <ul><li>Defining Relative Clauses </li></ul><ul><li>Non-defining Relative clauses </li></ul>
  4. 4. Defining Relative Clauses <ul><li>They specify the person, object, time or place we are talking about. </li></ul><ul><li>These sentences are introduced by relative pronouns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WHO or THAT, if the relative sentence refers to people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHICH or THAT, if the relative sentence refers to things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHOSE for possession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHEN for days, months, years... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHERE for places. </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Defining Relative Clause <ul><li>COMMON FEATURES </li></ul><ul><li>Who, which, that (and sometimes when and where) can be omitted (to make a contact clause) if they do not act as subjects of the relative sentence. </li></ul><ul><li>They are necessary to understand the antecedent </li></ul><ul><li>They are never placed between commas </li></ul><ul><li>When the relative pronoun goes with a preposition we normally omit it and place the preposition at the end of the relative clause. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>If the relative is that , even it is not omitted, the preposition goes to the end. </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Non-Defining Relative Clause <ul><li>They add information about the antecedent. </li></ul><ul><li>These sentences are introduced by relative pronouns: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WHO, if the relative sentence refers to people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHICH, if the relative sentence refers to things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHOSE for possession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHEN for days, months, years... </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHERE for places. </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Non-Defining Relative Clause <ul><li>COMMON FEATURES </li></ul><ul><li>The relative pronoun can never be omitted . </li></ul><ul><li>They are not necessary to understand the antecedent. </li></ul><ul><li>They are always placed between commas. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Remember <ul><li>Defining Relative </li></ul><ul><li>No commas </li></ul><ul><li>Omit the relative pronoun except when SUBJECT </li></ul><ul><li>Non-Defining Relative </li></ul><ul><li>Between commas </li></ul><ul><li>No omission </li></ul><ul><li>Relative Pronouns </li></ul><ul><ul><li>WHO: refers to people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHICH: refers to things </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHOSE: for possession </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHEN: for time </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHERE : for places. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>WHAT: (lo que) </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Examples <ul><li>The lessons which she liked better were those ............... she learned from others </li></ul><ul><li>That was the subject ............. I was talking about </li></ul><ul><li>I could not understand ......... they wanted to know. </li></ul><ul><li>This is exactly ............ I wanted to find out. </li></ul><ul><li>My brother was the man ............ was here a moment ago. </li></ul><ul><li>My brother, ……… was here a moment ago, has written you a letter. </li></ul>
  10. 10. More examples <ul><li>The Constitution ……… Spain voted in 1978 was not real until 1981, after the 23 rd February </li></ul><ul><li>Arrau, the well-known pianist, ......... everybody admires, will play here soon. </li></ul><ul><li>I personally know that author ......... books give us so much pleasure. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the bed .......... Queen Elizabeth slept in. </li></ul><ul><li>John is the boy ....... was rude to this lady. </li></ul><ul><li>This is the lady ......... John was rude to. </li></ul>

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