The structure (plot) of the Greek play:• A play opened with a prologue spoken by anactor who usually had no other role in thedrama• The prologue is followed by the Chorus toprovide what is called as Parodos : a generallyrical commentary• After the parodos, the play begins with adialogue. Each section of the dialogue is calledan episode. The play consist of several episodesseparated from each other by the songs of theChorus.
The chorus’ songs:• The first song of the Chorus that follow thefirst episode is called the Stasimon• At the end of the play there is a song that iscalled the Commos in which the actorsparticipate in the chorus.• The last part of the play is called the Exodus
A Greek Tragedy• Is a well organized story; it has a beginning a middleand an end• It has to illustrate the principle of tragedy and showthe downfall of a hero who is from a higher rank (likea prince or a famous warrior). The hero must commita mistake as a result of his pride (or hubris) and thatmistake leads to his disaster (or Catastrophe)• The tragic suffering of the hero arouse the feelings offear and pity in the audience. The effect of suchfeelings is to produce emotional purgation (orcatharsis)
Modern Tragedy Structure (plot)• Consists of 5 parts:• 1- Introduction: in which the character and storyare introduced• 2- Development or complications that marks theprogress of the play towards the climax• 3- Climax: when the hero has to make a decisionor choice that will affect his fortune• 4- Denouement: when the action movestowards the catastrophe and the complicationsare resolved• 5- Catastrophe: the tragic end in which the herousually loses his life
Differences between Classical Drama and ModernDramaClassical Greek Drama• Religious plays - a play was an actof worship• Stories are based on well- knownlegends or tales.• Open -air stage• Curtains were NOT used• The play is NOT divided into actsor scenes• The three unities rule wasfollowed• Only one story• Characters were mythologicallegends ( larger than life/superheroes/ Demi-gods)• Fate plays an important part inthe story• Chorus existedModern Drama• the purpose of the modern plays isto provide aesthetic entertainment• Invented stories by the playwright• Closed roof building• Curtains were used• The play was divided into acts andscenes.• The Three unities rule wasnotfollowed• May have many stories• Characters were ordinary normalpeople not royalty not demi-gods• Hero’s flaw plays an important rolein the story• Chorus disappeared