Plays are two kinds:1- Tragedy :is a play that ends with a sadending2- Comedy:is a play that ends with a happyending
Comedy:is a story that amuse andentertaineda story in which nobodysuffered and real pain
Tragedy:is a story in which the main charactersuffered a great deal and which endsin a death or a series of deaths.Tragedy is serious and deals withsituations that test man’s intelligenceand morals.
Aristotles definition of Tragedy:tragedy is an imitation of an actionthat is serious, complete and has acertain magnitude.Tragedies should be written in versenot narrative languageand they arouse the feelings of pityand fear in the audience to make himpurify his own feelings. (P.62)
Elements of a drama:1- Theme2- Plot3- Character4-Dialog5- Music6- Visual Element
Theme: The theme of a drama refersto the central idea of the play.Plot: The order of events occurring in aplayIt is the basic storyline that is narratedthrough a play.
Characters: The characters that form apart of the story are interwoven withthe plot of the drama. Each characterin a play has a personality of its ownand has a distinct set of principles andbeliefs. Actors who play various rolesin a drama have the very importantresponsibility of bringing thecharacters to life.
Dialog: The story of any play is takenforward by means of the dialog. Thestory is narrated to the audiencesthrough the dialog written by theplaywright. The success of a dramadepends hugely on the contents of thedialog and the quality of dialogdelivery by the actors of the play.
Music: This element of dramacomprises the melody in the use ofsounds and rhythm in dialogs as wellas melodious compositions, whichform a part of many plays. Thebackground score, the songs and thesound effects that are used in a playmake up the musical element ofdrama.
Visual Elementdeals with the scenes, costumesand special effects used in it. Thevisual element of drama, alsoknown as the spectacle