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  • 1. Poetry:from the Greek poiesis The word means: (The making of Poetry)
  • 2. Poetry is a type ofliterary art which usesaesthetic and rhythmicqualities of language to create meaning
  • 3. Poetry is emotion putinto measure. Thomas HardyPoetry is the languageof the imagination and the passions. William Hazlitt
  • 4. Methods of writing Poetry:1- Personal way: when the poet speaks in his own voice and expresses his own feelings.Example : Rafif Zyadah’s poem.This kind of poems are called “lyrical”2- Impersonal way: when the poet expresses what others might have felt or suffered without providing a clue to his own feelings.For example: The extract on Page(34).
  • 5. The two styles, personal andimpersonal dominate the whole history of poetry. Sometimes the two styles are combined in one poem. All classifications of poetry start from the differentiation between them.
  • 6. Impersonal style in poetry: Epic Ballad Satire Narrative
  • 7. 1- Epic
  • 8. An Epic is : 1- along narrative poem 2- it is written in a grand ceremonious style 3- Celebrates and describes the deeds of a hero4- the hero is usually protected from gods or sometimes a demi-god (a character larger than life) 5- the hero performs supernatural actions in his voyages and battles
  • 9. Epics are part history, part legend and part pure myth. Epics are a source of information. They tell us about old nations history.
  • 10. Kinds of Epics: 1- Primary 2-Secondary3- philosophical 4- Romantic5-Mock heroics
  • 11. The Primary Epics vs. The Secondary epics• Primary epics are • Secondary epics are the literary epics that are the oldest epics written by known with mysterious poems to celebrate origins. their nations.• Examples: (Imitations of the primary epics)• Beowulf • Examples:• Gilgamesh • Homer’s Iliad and• Mahabharata Odyssey• Ramayana • Virgil’s Aeneid • Milton’s Paradise Lost
  • 12. 3- Philosophical epics for example: Dante’s Divine Comedy 4- Romantic epics. For example: Ariosto’s OrlandFurioso and Spencer’s The Faerie Queen
  • 13. 5- Mock- heroic : some poets used the grand style of epics for humorous purposes. They choose a trivial matter and give it a very serious treatment.For example : Pope’s The Rape of the Lock (deals with the stealing of alock of hair from the head of a girl!!)
  • 14. Heroic PoetryKind of narrative poetry that deals with war and military adventures but instead of dealing with a long poem they deal with single episodes. For example: Widisth The Battle of Maldon