Poetry:from the Greek poiesis The word means: (The making of Poetry)
Poetry is a type ofliterary art which usesaesthetic and rhythmicqualities of language to create meaning
Poetry is emotion putinto measure. Thomas HardyPoetry is the languageof the imagination and the passions. William Hazlitt
Methods of writing Poetry:1- Personal way: when the poet speaks in his own voice and expresses his own feelings.Example : Rafif Zyadah’s poem.This kind of poems are called “lyrical”2- Impersonal way: when the poet expresses what others might have felt or suffered without providing a clue to his own feelings.For example: The extract on Page(34).
The two styles, personal andimpersonal dominate the whole history of poetry. Sometimes the two styles are combined in one poem. All classifications of poetry start from the differentiation between them.
Impersonal style in poetry: Epic Ballad Satire Narrative
An Epic is : 1- along narrative poem 2- it is written in a grand ceremonious style 3- Celebrates and describes the deeds of a hero4- the hero is usually protected from gods or sometimes a demi-god (a character larger than life) 5- the hero performs supernatural actions in his voyages and battles
Epics are part history, part legend and part pure myth. Epics are a source of information. They tell us about old nations history.
The Primary Epics vs. The Secondary epics• Primary epics are • Secondary epics are the literary epics that are the oldest epics written by known with mysterious poems to celebrate origins. their nations.• Examples: (Imitations of the primary epics)• Beowulf • Examples:• Gilgamesh • Homer’s Iliad and• Mahabharata Odyssey• Ramayana • Virgil’s Aeneid • Milton’s Paradise Lost
3- Philosophical epics for example: Dante’s Divine Comedy 4- Romantic epics. For example: Ariosto’s OrlandFurioso and Spencer’s The Faerie Queen
5- Mock- heroic : some poets used the grand style of epics for humorous purposes. They choose a trivial matter and give it a very serious treatment.For example : Pope’s The Rape of the Lock (deals with the stealing of alock of hair from the head of a girl!!)
Heroic PoetryKind of narrative poetry that deals with war and military adventures but instead of dealing with a long poem they deal with single episodes. For example: Widisth The Battle of Maldon