Feed Management PlannersCertification Program to ReduceNutrient Loads in Impaired WatershedsDan Ludwig- USDA - NRCS, Natur...
Feed Management, NRCS 592• Natural Resources Conservation Service– Practice Standard – 592• Manage the quantity of availab...
The Beginning - 2007• Mid-Atlantic Regional Water Program– Collaboration among:• Land Grant Universities• USDA’s Cooperati...
NRCS Qualified Plan Writers• Plan writing workshops– Mandatory for a certified nutritionist• Two plans submitted forreview...
Contracting Feed Management Plans• Animal production groups: 1 – 5• Contract length: 1 – 3 years• Payments are designed to...
Baseline data needed for the plan• Actual versus formulated diet• Nutrient utilization efficiency• Nutrient analysis– Fora...
Ration Phosphorous• Track Actual vs. Formulated levels– Compare Ration Sheet to TMR Test Analysis– Use Spread sheet to cal...
0.150.20.250.30.350.40.450.50.550.60.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6ActualDiet%PFormulated Diet %PDiet %Phospho...
0.150.20.250.30.350.40.450.50.550.60 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 2.2ActualDiet%PFecal %PActual Diet %Phosphorus vs...
Next Steps…• Maintain/Reduce– Ration crude protein/phosphorous• Maintain implementation– Benchmark through 7 quarters in p...
Underlying Issue…• Inconsistencies with results observed inComponent fed herds– Individual ingredients fed separately• Fec...
Feed Management Survey• Study involving 6 farms across Pennsylvania– Manure collected from 5 groups– Peak & Average milk p...
Questions?
Feed management planners certification program to reduce nutrient loads in impaired watersheds
Feed management planners certification program to reduce nutrient loads in impaired watersheds
Feed management planners certification program to reduce nutrient loads in impaired watersheds
Feed management planners certification program to reduce nutrient loads in impaired watersheds
Feed management planners certification program to reduce nutrient loads in impaired watersheds
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Feed management planners certification program to reduce nutrient loads in impaired watersheds

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For more: http://www.extension.org/67618 To develop a program to train ARPAS-certified (American Registry of Professional Animal Scientists) dairy and beef nutritionists on how to prepare and evaluate Feed Management plans as it relates to the NRCS Feed Management (592) practice in Pennsylvania. The objective is to compare how formulated diets match to the consumed diets. Phosphorus is monitored through manure testing and nitrogen by milk urea nitrogen and calculating milk nitrogen efficiency. Dry matter intake efficiency is also monitored as this can affect the total manure volume excreted.

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Feed management planners certification program to reduce nutrient loads in impaired watersheds

  1. 1. Feed Management PlannersCertification Program to ReduceNutrient Loads in Impaired WatershedsDan Ludwig- USDA - NRCS, Natural Resources SpecialistVirginia Ishler- Penn State Extension, Nutrient Management SpecialistRebecca White- Penn State Extension, Dairy Program Manager
  2. 2. Feed Management, NRCS 592• Natural Resources Conservation Service– Practice Standard – 592• Manage the quantity of available nutrientsfed to livestock and poultry for their intendedpurpose• PA NRCS focus on Dairy & Beef operations
  3. 3. The Beginning - 2007• Mid-Atlantic Regional Water Program– Collaboration among:• Land Grant Universities• USDA’s Cooperative State Research, Education and Extension System• EPA Region III• USDA NRCS• Certification Training– 8 locations (2007-2011)• ARPAS Exam Opportunity– 296 Participants• 81 of 98 Nationally ARPAS Certified attended PAtrainings
  4. 4. NRCS Qualified Plan Writers• Plan writing workshops– Mandatory for a certified nutritionist• Two plans submitted forreview by NRCS– 24 NRCS Qualified• 24 Dairy, 5 Beef
  5. 5. Contracting Feed Management Plans• Animal production groups: 1 – 5• Contract length: 1 – 3 years• Payments are designed to help cover the costof implementing the plan– Plan development costs– Increased feed costs– New infrastructure (mixers, pens, etc.)
  6. 6. Baseline data needed for the plan• Actual versus formulated diet• Nutrient utilization efficiency• Nutrient analysis– Forage– Diet (Total Mixed Ration)– Ingredients or grain mixes• Nitrogen and Phosphorus assessment
  7. 7. Ration Phosphorous• Track Actual vs. Formulated levels– Compare Ration Sheet to TMR Test Analysis– Use Spread sheet to calculate composite rationfrom Component-fed herds– Track Phosphorous amounts in terms percent ofrequirement
  8. 8. 0.150.20.250.30.350.40.450.50.550.60.15 0.2 0.25 0.3 0.35 0.4 0.45 0.5 0.55 0.6ActualDiet%PFormulated Diet %PDiet %Phosphorus for Lactating CowsDiet %P Goal= Actual within 0.03% of formulatedFY11 FarmsTMR Diets59% outside of+/- 0.03%45% are belowformulatedlevels15% aboveformulatedlevels
  9. 9. 0.150.20.250.30.350.40.450.50.550.60 0.2 0.4 0.6 0.8 1 1.2 1.4 1.6 1.8 2 2.2ActualDiet%PFecal %PActual Diet %Phosphorus vs. Fecal %Phosphorus in LactatingCowsActualDiand FecaFecal %PFY11 FarmsTMR Diets34% outside of0.55-0.85%23% are above0.85%
  10. 10. Next Steps…• Maintain/Reduce– Ration crude protein/phosphorous• Maintain implementation– Benchmark through 7 quarters in progress• Evolving plan writing workshops– Revising resources and tools• Still a high demand for training– 13 nutritionists in 2012
  11. 11. Underlying Issue…• Inconsistencies with results observed inComponent fed herds– Individual ingredients fed separately• Fecal P is trending higher than expected• Feed Management Survey Objectives– Evaluate feeding order effects on Fecal P– Identify realistic fecal P levels in component fedherds (lactating cows and various heifer groups)
  12. 12. Feed Management Survey• Study involving 6 farms across Pennsylvania– Manure collected from 5 groups– Peak & Average milk production• Lactating- 5 individuals then composite– Post Wean Calf (3-7 months)– Breeding Age (6-13 months)– Bred Heifers (13-22 months)• Sampling technique and procedures verified
  13. 13. Questions?
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