Paper 3: Chinese University's Evaluation (Qiu & Wang)

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  • 1. Qiu Jun-ping Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation E-mail: jpqiu@whu.edu.cn http://www.nseac.com Tel: 86-27-68754477 An Overview on the Methods and Results of Chinese Universities Evaluation
  • 2. RCCSE
    • Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation of Wuhan University (RCCSE) is a comprehensive evaluation agency embracing education evaluation, science and technology evaluation, etc.
    • Based on the broad investigation and deep analysis, four kinds of evaluation reports have been released since 2004.
  • 3.
    • ① An Evaluation Report on Subjective Competitiveness of World-Class Universities and Research Institutions
  • 4.
    • ② A Report on the Competitiveness Evaluation of Universities and Subjects in China
  • 5.
    • ③ An Evaluation Report of Postgraduates Education in China
  • 6.
    • ④ A Report on Chinese Academic Journals Evaluation
  • 7.
    • Now please allow me to give a brief introduction of the reports.
    • I am glad to share the methods and results of Chinese universities’ evaluation released by RCCSE, based on the “ Chinese Universities Ranking in 2010 ”.
  • 8. contents Purposes and Significance 1 Evaluation Subjects 2 Data Sources 4 Results Analysis 5 Methods and Index System 3
  • 9. 1. Purposes and Significance
    • Providing guide for the students to choose the suitable university.
    • Providing opportunity for the public to gain information of universities .
  • 10. 1. Purposes and Significance
    • Providing reference for the universities to develop with orderly competition.
    • Providing support for the government to make a strategic and scientific decision.
  • 11. 2. Evaluation Subject
    • Undergraduate-level universities that licensed by the Education Ministry
    • Each year the Education Ministry issues the latest “Chinese Universities List”.
    • The universities in our evaluation are in accordance with this official list.
  • 12. 2. Evaluation Subject
    • All universities in our evaluation are divided into three kinds:
    key university average university private college
  • 13. Key University
    • Key universities consist of three parts:
    • The original key universities in the “Statistical Document of 2003” issued by the Education Ministry;
    • The ministry-run universities;
    • Members of the "211 project" and "985 project”.
  • 14. 3.1 Methods
    • Questionnaire
      • In 2004 RCCSE and China Youth Daily jointly conduct a nationwide survey covering 2000 people, including the leaders of educational authorities, presidents and teachers of universities, senior high school students and their parents, experts and scholars in evaluation field, etc.
  • 15. 3.1 Methods
    • AHP(Analysis Hierarchy Process)
      • Based on the results of the survey above, we obtained the evaluation indicators and weights by the way of AHP.
  • 16. 3.1 Methods
    • Experts Discussion
      • Then we invited some leading experts and scholars to have a full discussion on these indicators and weights. Finally we obtained the index systems of Chinese Universities Evaluation.
  • 17. 3.1 Methods
    • Evaluation Information Management System
      • We import the original data into “Chinese Universities Evaluation Information Management System” which can automatically realize the functions of computing, statistics and sort.
      • The system, which was designed and developed by RCCSE independently, can undertake most of data processing work and give us the final evaluation scores and rankings automatically.
  • 18. 3.2 Index System
    • Comprehensive competitiveness of a key university represents its overall appearance integrated by quantity, quality, level and impact.
    • We evaluate them from different aspects: resources, teaching, R&D and reputation.
    • This index system has 4 first-grade indicators, 13 second-grade indicators and 50 third-grade indicators.
  • 19.  
  • 20.  
  • 21.  
  • 22.
    • Academic reputation is derived from the survey covering thousands of experts and scholars in the relevant fields.
    • Web influence is measured by web output, links,etc. Original data is from Google Scholar and Yahoo!, etc.
  • 23. 4. Data Sources
    • We spend a lot of time, funds and manpower on original data collection.
    • After several years’ exploration, we have established relatively stable and reliable data access channels.
    • Most original data comes from the following 4 channels:
  • 24. Data Sources
    • Official documents, including statistical reports, yearbooks and government documents;
    • Domestic and foreign databases, including SCI, SSCI, EI, CSSCI, etc;
    • Websites of universities and governments;
    • Relevant publications, including books, newspapers and journals.
  • 25. 5.Results Analysis
    • Our evaluation in 2010 contains 980 universities in Chinese mainland (excluding military universities), including 119 key universities, 599 average universities and 262 private colleges.
  • 26. 5.Results Analysis
    • We evaluate these 980 universities from 10 aspects and obtain 201 rankings (specific rankings are listed in the book of “Chinese Universities and Subjects Evaluation Report in 2010”, Science Press, 2010.3).
    • Here we only show the “Regions Competitiveness Ranking of Chinese Higher Education” and “ Chinese Top-grade Universities Competitiveness Ranking”.
  • 27. 5.1Regions Competitiveness Ranking of Chinese Higher Education
  • 28. 5.1Regions Competitiveness Ranking of Chinese Higher Education
  • 29. 5.1Regions Competitiveness Ranking of Chinese Higher Education
  • 30. 5.2 Chinese Top-grade Universities’ Competitiveness Ranking
    • “ Chinese Top-grade Universities” are those who have first-class scholars, first-class subjects, first-class achievements, first-class efficiency, first-class management.
    • We select the top one percent universities as the Top-grade universities in China, that is, a total of about 20 universities.
  • 31. Chinese Top-grade Universities’ Comprehensive Competitiveness Ranking in 2010
  • 32. Chinese Top-grade Universities’ Comprehensive Competitiveness Ranking in 2010
  • 33. 5.3 Conclusions
    • The distribution of universities is disequilibrium in different regions.
      • Most universities, especially those key universities, centralize in the central and eastern part of China, such as Beijing, Shanghai, Nanjing, Wuhan etc.
  • 34. 5.3 Conclusions
    • The education competitiveness is equal with the economic strength of the region .
      • For example, some rich regions, such as Beijing, Shanghai and Jiangsu, are listed at the top of “Regions Education Competitiveness Ranking”. Conversely poor regions also have poor education competitiveness, such as Tibet, Ningxia, Qinghai and so on.
  • 35. 5.3 Conclusions
    • The ranking of key universities is stable while the ranking of average universities is fluctuated dramatically.
      • For example, Peking University, Tsinghua University, Zhejiang University and Fudan University have been retaining its position as Chinese top 4 for recent six years.
  • 36. 5.3 Conclusions
    • Key universities, average universities and private colleges lie in three levels and respectively have different targets and emphasizes.
  • 37. 5.3 Conclusions
    • The main directions of Chinese universities are high quality, efficiency and internationalized level.
      • We deduce this enlightenment from the Chinese universities evaluation results in 2010 and the data accumulated by RCCSE over the years.
  • 38.
    • Above all, Chinese universities, especially key universities must adhere to the directions of “ high quality, efficiency and internationalized level ” to promote their competitiveness and to propel the development of Chinese higher education.
    High quality Efficiency Internationalized level
  • 39. Thanks!