Qiu Jun-ping  Zhao Rong-ying Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation Competition and Excellence — Subjects Competit...
Outline Introduction Method Features  Results  analysis  Problem & Solution
1.  Introduction <ul><li>Reflecting the country’s comprehensive strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Indicating the level of a coun...
1.  Introduction <ul><li>Providing universities </li></ul><ul><li>management guarantee  </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting scient...
1.  Introduction <ul><li>The Scientific Competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>ranking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Object : World-c...
Index System 3 2. Method World-class Universities and Subject s 4 Object 1 Data Source s 2
2.  Method <ul><li>1475 universities  (cited times in top 1% indexed by ESI in recent </li></ul><ul><li>11 years ) </li></...
2.  Method <ul><li>ESI  </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential Science Indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998.1.1 – 2008.12.3...
2.  Method <ul><li>Data combining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A institution with different names </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Univ...
2.  Method <ul><li>The patent data of Chemistry, Electronics and Engineering is included in the discipline s  of Chemistry...
2.3 Index System <ul><li>High-cited papers   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>refer to the papers in a certain subject and certain ti...
2.3 Index System 22 subject s   in ESI <ul><li>AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES  </li></ul><ul><li>BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY </li></ul><...
2.  Method <ul><li>Index System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Impact...
2.  Method <ul><li>Scientific Productivity   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of papers published in recent 11 years  </li></u...
2.  Method <ul><li>Scientific Impact   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total cited times of the papers published in recent 11 years ...
2.  Method <ul><li>Scientific Innovation   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot patents </li></...
2.  Method <ul><li>Scientific Potential   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratio of highly cited papers  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><...
Table 1  Index system to evaluate the research competitiveness  of world-class universities 2.3 Index System First-level I...
Table 2  Index system to evaluate 22 subject s  competitiveness of world-class universities and research institutions 2.3 ...
2.  Method <ul><ul><li>High-level university </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World-class subject </li></ul></ul>Object Data  So...
2.  Method <ul><li>High-level university </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1475 universities in the world   </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul...
2.  Method <ul><li>World-class subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top 10% in a certain subject  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Thre...
3. Features of Subject Competitiveness Evaluation Many valuable results have been deduced through the comprehensive and sy...
3. Features of Subject Competitiveness Evaluation <ul><li>The research competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>rankings of world...
3. Features of Subject Competitiveness Evaluation <ul><li>S cientific   index system   </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Pr...
3. Features of Subject Competitiveness Evaluation <ul><li>Ma king  a detailed and </li></ul><ul><li>comparative analysis  ...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>Take the top 600 universities as sample, and get 3 related tables. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Table...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>Conclusions and Enlightenments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The remarkable improvement of overall sci...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(1) The remarkable improvement of overall scientific research strength of China </li></ul><ul>...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(2) The large gap between Chinese universities and the world-class universities </li></ul><ul>...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(3) The large gap of  high-quality papers number as well as the world scientific research stre...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>Gaps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- World -class scientists  </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Nobel Prize...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(4) The great distance of research innovation between China and the top countries </li></ul><u...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(5) Vigorously strengthen the construction of top subjects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peking Un...
4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(6) Re-examine the characteristics and standard of World-class University </li></ul><ul><ul><l...
<ul><li>World-class  scholars </li></ul><ul><li>World-class   subject s </li></ul><ul><li>World-class   achievements </li>...
Table 3  2009 Ranking of Research Competitiveness  of Country/Region (Top 30) Rank   Country/ Region  Published Papers  Ci...
Rank   Country/ Region  Published Papers  Cited Papers  Highly Cited Papers Hot Papers Patents  Highly Cited Ratio  Total ...
Rank   Country/ Region  Published Papers  Cited Papers  Highly Cited Papers Hot Papers Patents  Highly Cited Ratio  Total ...
Table 4  2009   World-class Universities Distribution Country/ Region Top 100 Top 200 Top 300 Top 400 Top 500 Top 600 Num....
Table 5   2009 World -class   subject s  D istribution  (Top 10 and Some Chinese Universities) Rank Name Country/ Region N...
Rank Name Country/ Region Number of the subjects Indexed by ESI Percent of Owning 22 subjects Number of the Top 10 subject...
Rank Name Country/ Region Number of the subjects Indexed by ESI Percent of Owning 22 subjects Number of the Top 10 subject...
Rank Name Country/ Region Number of the subjects Indexed by ESI Percent of Owning 22 subjects Number of the Top 10 subject...
UNIVERSITY OF KENT UNIV KENT Data Score  Indicator   Number of Published Papers 3 771 3.80 Number of Total Cited times 33 ...
United Kingdom UNIV SUSSEX 264 UNIV NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE 161 UNIV GLASGOW 104 UNIV YORK 257 UNIV LIVERPOOL 149 UNIV BRISTOL...
UNIV HULL 482 LONDON SCH HYG & TROP MED 350 UNIV LONDON ROYAL HOLLOWAY & BEDFORD NEW COLL 588 BRUNEL UNIV 474 UNIV LANCAST...
5.Problem & Solution Quality Efficiency Internationalization Main problems of  Chinese universities
CAMBRIDGE VS.  PEKING UNIV CAMBRIDGE UNIV PEKING Data Score   Data Score  Indicator  Number of Published Papers 45 376 45....
Solution   Cultivation of teaching staff Construction  of World-class  subjects International  high-level  achievements  R...
Welcome to wuhan university ! E-mail: zhaory999@yahoo.com.cn http://www.nseac.com Tel:86- 027-68754477(O) , 86-18971284848...
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Paper 6: World University's Evaluation (Qiu & Zhao)

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  • UK-45 所, England2 所,为黄色的两所
  • Paper 6: World University's Evaluation (Qiu & Zhao)

    1. 1. Qiu Jun-ping Zhao Rong-ying Research Center for Chinese Science Evaluation Competition and Excellence — Subjects Competitiveness Ranking of World-class Universities and Research Institutions 2009
    2. 2. Outline Introduction Method Features Results analysis Problem & Solution
    3. 3. 1. Introduction <ul><li>Reflecting the country’s comprehensive strength. </li></ul><ul><li>Indicating the level of a country’s science & technology, education and culture. </li></ul>Significance
    4. 4. 1. Introduction <ul><li>Providing universities </li></ul><ul><li>management guarantee </li></ul><ul><li>Promoting scientific and </li></ul><ul><li>technological innovation </li></ul><ul><li>Providing quantitative basis </li></ul><ul><li>Providing the position </li></ul><ul><li>information </li></ul><ul><li>Providing consultation report </li></ul>Significance
    5. 5. 1. Introduction <ul><li>The Scientific Competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>ranking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Object : World-class Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Subjects Competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>ranking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Object : World-class Universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>and Research Institutions (22 subjects) </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The Basic Indicators ranking </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- Object : Scientific </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>competitiveness of World-class </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities (7 indicators) </li></ul></ul>Research results
    6. 6. Index System 3 2. Method World-class Universities and Subject s 4 Object 1 Data Source s 2
    7. 7. 2. Method <ul><li>1475 universities (cited times in top 1% indexed by ESI in recent </li></ul><ul><li>11 years ) </li></ul><ul><li>2413 research institutions (cited times in top 1% indexed by ESI ) </li></ul><ul><li>22 subject s (ESI) </li></ul>Data Sources Index System World-class Universities and Subject s Object
    8. 8. 2. Method <ul><li>ESI </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Essential Science Indicators </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998.1.1 – 2008.12.31 </li></ul></ul><ul><li>DII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Derwent Patents of Thomson Scientific Group Citation Index Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2004 -2008 </li></ul></ul>Object Index System World-class Universities and Subject s Data Sources
    9. 9. 2. Method <ul><li>Data combining </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A institution with different names </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Universities and research institutions </li></ul></ul>Index System World-class Universities and Subject s Object Data Sources
    10. 10. 2. Method <ul><li>The patent data of Chemistry, Electronics and Engineering is included in the discipline s of Chemistry, Physics and Engineering in ESI respectively. </li></ul>Object Index System World-class Universities and Subject s Data Sources
    11. 11. 2.3 Index System <ul><li>High-cited papers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>refer to the papers in a certain subject and certain time whose cited times in top 1% </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Hot papers </li></ul><ul><ul><li>refer to the papers published in recent two years whose cited times in top 0.1% in recent two months </li></ul></ul>Indicators
    12. 12. 2.3 Index System 22 subject s in ESI <ul><li>AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES </li></ul><ul><li>BIOLOGY & BIOCHEMISTRY </li></ul><ul><li>CHEMISTRY </li></ul><ul><li>CLINICAL MEDICINE </li></ul><ul><li>COMPUTER SCIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>ECONOMICS & BUSINESS </li></ul><ul><li>ENGINEERING </li></ul><ul><li>ENVIRONMENT/ECOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>GEOSCIENCES </li></ul><ul><li>IMMUNOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>MATERIAL SCIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>MATHEMATICS </li></ul><ul><li>MICROBIOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>MOLECULAR BIOLOGY & GENETICS </li></ul><ul><li>MULTIDISCIPLINARY </li></ul><ul><li>NEUROSCIENCE & BEHAVIOR </li></ul><ul><li>PHARMACOLOGY & TOXICOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>PHYSICS PLANT & ANIMAL SCIENCE </li></ul><ul><li>PSYCHIATRY/PSYCHOLOGY </li></ul><ul><li>SOCIAL SCIENCES </li></ul><ul><li>GENERAL </li></ul><ul><li>SPACE SCIENCE. </li></ul>
    13. 13. 2. Method <ul><li>Index System </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Potential </li></ul></ul>Object Data Sources World-class Universities and Subject s Index System
    14. 14. 2. Method <ul><li>Scientific Productivity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of papers published in recent 11 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of papers indexed by ESI </li></ul></ul>Object Data Sources World-class Universities and Subject s Index System
    15. 15. 2. Method <ul><li>Scientific Impact </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Total cited times of the papers published in recent 11 years </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of highly-cited papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Number of subjects indexed by ESI </li></ul></ul>Object Data Sources World-class Universities and Subject s Index System
    16. 16. 2. Method <ul><li>Scientific Innovation </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hot patents </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Utility patent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Design patent </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Invention patent </li></ul></ul></ul>Object Data Sources World-class Universities and Subject s Index System
    17. 17. 2. Method <ul><li>Scientific Potential </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ratio of highly cited papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Number of highly-cited papers / Number of total </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>published papers </li></ul></ul></ul>Object Data Source s World-class Universities and Subject s Index System
    18. 18. Table 1 Index system to evaluate the research competitiveness of world-class universities 2.3 Index System First-level Indicator Second-level Indicator Weight Scientific Productivity Number of Published Papers 30% Scientific Impact Number of Total Cited Times 20% Number of Highly Cited Papers 20% Number of Subjects Indexed by ESI 5% Scientific Innovation Number of Patents 5% Number of Hot Papers 10% Scientific Potential Ratio of Highly Cited Papers 10%
    19. 19. Table 2 Index system to evaluate 22 subject s competitiveness of world-class universities and research institutions 2.3 Index System First-level Indicator Second-level Indicator Weight Scientific Productivity Number of Published Papers 30% Scientific Impact Number of Total Cited Times 25% Number of Highly Cited Papers 20% Scientific Innovation Number of Patents 5% Number of Hot Papers 10% Scientific Potential Ratio of Highly Cited Papers 10%
    20. 20. 2. Method <ul><ul><li>High-level university </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>World-class subject </li></ul></ul>Object Data Sources Index System World-class Universities and Subject s
    21. 21. 2. Method <ul><li>High-level university </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1475 universities in the world </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Top 600 (top 0.5%) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three grades : </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Top universities : top 100 universities </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Famous universities : top 101 - 300 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Well-known universities : top 301 - 600 </li></ul></ul></ul>Object Data Sources Index System World-class Universities and Subject s
    22. 22. 2. Method <ul><li>World-class subject </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Top 10% in a certain subject </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Three grades: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Top subject: top 1% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Famous subject: top 1% - 5% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Well-known subject: top 5% - 10% </li></ul></ul></ul>Object Data Sources Index System World-class Universities and Subject s
    23. 23. 3. Features of Subject Competitiveness Evaluation Many valuable results have been deduced through the comprehensive and systematic analysis on the 1475 universities and 2413 research institutions.
    24. 24. 3. Features of Subject Competitiveness Evaluation <ul><li>The research competitiveness </li></ul><ul><li>rankings of world-class </li></ul><ul><li>universities </li></ul><ul><li>Innovation Index System </li></ul><ul><li>22 subjects </li></ul>Features <ul><li>Comprehensive </li></ul><ul><li>Systematic </li></ul><ul><li>Rich </li></ul>
    25. 25. 3. Features of Subject Competitiveness Evaluation <ul><li>S cientific index system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Productivity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Impact </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Innovation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Scientific Potential </li></ul></ul><ul><li>ESI and DII </li></ul><ul><ul><li>A uthority </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>C redibility </li></ul></ul>Features <ul><li>N ew concept </li></ul><ul><li>S cientific indicators </li></ul><ul><li>A uthoritative data </li></ul>
    26. 26. 3. Features of Subject Competitiveness Evaluation <ul><li>Ma king a detailed and </li></ul><ul><li>comparative analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Discuss ing the changes </li></ul><ul><li>Compar ing on </li></ul><ul><li>evaluation results </li></ul><ul><li>P rovid ing us a better </li></ul><ul><li>understand ing </li></ul>Features <ul><li>Based on China </li></ul><ul><li>Oriented to the world </li></ul><ul><li>Aimed at the future </li></ul>
    27. 27. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>Take the top 600 universities as sample, and get 3 related tables. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Table 3 shows the top 30 countries (regions) in research competitiveness in 2009; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Table 4 shows the country distribution of World-class universities in 2009; </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Table 5 shows the subject distribution of the World-class universities in 2009 (Top 10 and Chinese Universities). </li></ul></ul>
    28. 28. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>Conclusions and Enlightenments </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The remarkable improvement of overall scientific research strength of China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The large gap between Chinese universities and the world-class universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The large gap of high-quality papers number as well as the world scientific research strength between our country and others </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>The great distance of research innovation between China and the top countries </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vigorously strengthen the construction of top subjects </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Re-examine the characteristics and standard of World-class University </li></ul></ul>
    29. 29. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(1) The remarkable improvement of overall scientific research strength of China </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Mainland </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Ranks 12th </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hong Kong </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Ranks 22nd </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Taiwan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Ranks 26th </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    30. 30. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(2) The large gap between Chinese universities and the world-class universities </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese universities </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Top 100: 0 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Top 200: 3 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Top 400: 7 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Top 600: 20 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-After Top 600: majority </li></ul></ul></ul>
    31. 31. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(3) The large gap of high-quality papers number as well as the world scientific research strength between our country and others </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese mainland </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-High cited papers: 11th </li></ul></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><ul><li>-Hot papers: 11th </li></ul></ul></ul></ul>
    32. 32. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>Gaps </li></ul><ul><ul><li>- World -class scientists </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Nobel Prize winners </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- High quality papers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- World class achievements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- Hot papers </li></ul></ul>
    33. 33. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(4) The great distance of research innovation between China and the top countries </li></ul><ul><ul><li>China </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Patent: 3rd (1/5 of the United States and 1/3 of Japan) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Hot paper:11th </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Invention patent: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>China : Only 11% </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Top countries: nearly 90% </li></ul></ul></ul>
    34. 34. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(5) Vigorously strengthen the construction of top subjects </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Peking University : 12 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Zhejiang University : 11 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Tsinghua University : 8 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Fudan University : 8 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Nanjing University: 7 </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Chinese Academy of Sciences : 19 </li></ul></ul></ul>
    35. 35. 4. Results Analysis <ul><li>(6) Re-examine the characteristics and standard of World-class University </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Characteristics of World-class University: </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Comprehensiveness </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Research frontier </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>- Innovation </li></ul></ul></ul>
    36. 36. <ul><li>World-class scholars </li></ul><ul><li>World-class subject s </li></ul><ul><li>World-class achievements </li></ul><ul><li>World-class efficiency </li></ul><ul><li>World-class management </li></ul>The standard of World-class University
    37. 37. Table 3 2009 Ranking of Research Competitiveness of Country/Region (Top 30) Rank Country/ Region Published Papers Cited Papers Highly Cited Papers Hot Papers Patents Highly Cited Ratio Total 1 USA 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 100.00 2 UK 48.49 43.66 39.96 45.26 28.55 82.40 49.25 3 Japan 51.06 40.17 29.84 27.26 77.00 58.45 45.56 4 Germany 44.60 38.41 33.15 34.60 31.29 74.33 43.66 5 Canada 34.76 30.37 27.19 29.62 21.92 78.23 38.27 6 France 31.60 25.32 24.05 25.09 25.36 76.10 35.35 7 Italy 34.52 28.30 23.67 24.57 12.88 68.58 34.77 8 Switzerland 17.33 17.48 16.77 18.17 10.57 96.79 34.61 9 Netherland 25.55 23.66 21.18 22.72 11.48 82.86 34.21
    38. 38. Rank Country/ Region Published Papers Cited Papers Highly Cited Papers Hot Papers Patents Highly Cited Ratio Total 10 Sweden 25.02 22.98 19.53 21.31 4.00 78.06 32.43 11 Australia 27.49 21.67 18.77 23.61 15.82 68.30 30.81 12 China 34.44 17.79 17.87 19.14 45.42 51.88 30.13 13 Denmark 15.84 14.33 13.14 14.55 7.73 82.93 29.55 14 Belgium 18.48 15.79 13.66 16.69 8.44 73.93 27.93 15 Spain 26.98 19.57 15.55 16.69 20.33 57.65 27.27 16 Finland 16.75 14.89 11.89 13.44 2.83 71.03 26.28 17 South Korea 23.46 14.89 12.79 13.44 41.34 54.50 25.57 18 Austria 15.07 12.61 10.49 8.50 6.36 69.60 24.97 19 Ireland 9.56 7.72 7.13 8.80 4.98 74.61 24.86 20 Israel 17.02 13.46 11.34 8.50 7.75 66.63 24.74
    39. 39. Rank Country/ Region Published Papers Cited Papers Highly Cited Papers Hot Papers Patents Highly Cited Ratio Total 21 Norway 11.98 9.97 8.52 10.65 3.23 71.11 24.49 22 Hong Kong, China 15.39 10.81 10.19 12.85 15.02 66.22 24.23 23 Iceland 2.82 2.13 2.13 3.93 0.00 75.51 24.00 24 Singapore 12.23 7.95 7.98 11.13 12.30 65.27 22.79 25 New Zealand 11.07 8.31 7.15 9.90 4.29 64.61 22.19 26 Taiwan, China 21.27 12.87 9.87 10.65 20.45 46.41 21.08 27 Pakistan 4.01 2.03 2.62 3.21 1.27 65.27 20.84 28 Brazil 22.22 13.12 9.12 13.44 14.98 41.02 20.13 29 Czech, Republic 10.96 6.50 6.17 7.87 5.37 56.31 19.46 30 Poland 15.61 9.54 7.71 8.50 1.67 49.38 18.94
    40. 40. Table 4 2009 World-class Universities Distribution Country/ Region Top 100 Top 200 Top 300 Top 400 Top 500 Top 600 Num. Percent(%) Num. Percent(%) Num. Percent(%) Num. Percent(%) Num. Percent(%) Num. Percent(%) USA 54 54.00 85 42.50 109 36.33 137 34.25 157 31.40 178 29.67 UK 7 7.00 17 8.50 28 9.33 35 8.75 40 8.00 47 7.83 Germany 3 3.00 15 7.50 31 10.33 39 9.75 44 8.80 45 7.50 Japan 7 7.00 9 4.50 14 4.67 22 5.50 32 6.40 44 7.33 France 2 2.00 5 2.50 10 3.33 16 4.00 20 4.00 28 4.67 Italy 1 1.00 8 4.00 11 3.67 16 4.00 27 5.40 28 4.67 Canada 5 5.00 9 4.50 14 4.67 20 5.00 21 4.20 23 3.83 Spain 0 0.00 2 1.00 5 1.67 8 2.00 11 2.20 18 3.00 Australia 3 3.00 7 3.50 8 2.67 8 2.00 10 2.00 17 2.83 Netherland 3 3.00 7 3.50 10 3.33 12 3.00 13 2.60 13 2.17 China 0 0.00 3 1.50 7 2.33 7 1.75 15 3.00 20 3.33 Taiwan, China 1 1.00 1 0.50 2 0.67 3 0.75 5 1.00 8 1.33 Hong Kong, China 0 0.00 2 1.00 4 1.33 5 1.25 5 1.00 6 1.00
    41. 41. Table 5 2009 World -class subject s D istribution (Top 10 and Some Chinese Universities) Rank Name Country/ Region Number of the subjects Indexed by ESI Percent of Owning 22 subject s Number of the Top 10 subject s Percent of Owning Ranking subject s 1 Harvard University USA 22 100.0 14 63.6 2 Johns Hopkins University USA 22 100.0 6 27.3 3 Stanford USA 21 95.5 13 61.9 4 University of Washington (Seattle) USA 22 100.0 10 45.5 5 University of Tokyo Japan 21 95.5 5 23.8 6 University of California at Los Angeles USA 22 100.0 6 27.3 7 University of Michigan USA 21 95.5 4 19.0 8 University of California, Berkeley USA 22 100.0 10 45.5 9 Massachusetts Institute of Technology USA 21 95.5 7 33.3 10 University of Toronto Canada 22 100.0 2 9.1
    42. 42. Rank Name Country/ Region Number of the subjects Indexed by ESI Percent of Owning 22 subjects Number of the Top 10 subjects Percent of Owning Ranking subjects 100 National Taiwan University China-TW 15 68.2 3 20.0 123 University of Hong Kong China-HK 18 81.8 2 11.1 155 Peking University China 12 54.5 1 8.3 156 Zhejiang University China 11 50.0 2 18.2 165 Tsinghua University China 8 36.4 4 50.0 196 Chinese University of Hong Kong China-HK 14 63.6 0 0.0 261 Hong Kong University of Science And Technology China-HK 12 54.5 1 8.3 263 National Cheng Kung University China-TW 10 45.5 1 10.0 266 Nanjing University China 7 31.8 1 14.3 267 Shanghai Jiao Tong University China 5 22.7 2 40.0 268 University of Science and Technology of China China 5 22.7 2 40.0 282 Fudan University China 8 36.4 1 12.5 297 City University of Hong Kong China-HK 10 45.5 1 10.0 313 Hong Kong Polytechnic University China-HK 10 45.5 1 10.0 379 Tsinghua University, Taiwan China-TW 5 22.7 0 0.0 405 Jiao Tong University, Taiwan China-TW 6 27.3 1 16.7
    43. 43. Rank Name Country/ Region Number of the subjects Indexed by ESI Percent of Owning 22 subjects Number of the Top 10 subjects Percent of Owning Ranking subjects 408 Shandong University China 5 22.7 0 0.0 418 Jilin University China 4 18.2 0 0.0 422 Sichuan University China 5 22.7 0 0.0 426 Nankai University China 4 18.2 1 25.0 439 Wuhan University China 6 27.3 0 0.0 447 Sun Yat-sen University China 4 18.2 0 0.0 461 Huazhong University of Science and Technology China 5 22.7 0 0.0 463 Taiwan Sun Yat-sen University China-TW 6 27.3 0 0.0 483 Harbin Institute of Technology China 3 13.6 1 33.3 508 National Central University , Taiwan China-TW 5 22.7 0 0.0
    44. 44. Rank Name Country/ Region Number of the subjects Indexed by ESI Percent of Owning 22 subjects Number of the Top 10 subjects Percent of Owning Ranking subjects 517 Dalian University of Technology China 4 18.2 0 0.0 518 Lanzhou University China 5 22.7 0 0.0 538 National Yang-Ming University, Taiwan China-TW 4 18.2 0 0.0 545 National Chung Hsing University, Taiwan China-TW 6 27.3 0 0.0 550 Xi ’ an Jiaotong University China 3 13.6 0 0.0 562 Tianjin University China 3 13.6 0 0.0 564 Baptist University, Hong Kong China-HK 6 27.3 0 0.0 575 Beijing Normal University China 4 18.2 0 0.0
    45. 45. UNIVERSITY OF KENT UNIV KENT Data Score Indicator Number of Published Papers 3 771 3.80 Number of Total Cited times 33 471 1.19 Number of Highly Cited Papers 26 0.55 Number of Subjects Indexed by ESI 5 22.73 Number of Patents 56 1.79 Number of Hot Papers 0 0 Ratio of Highly Cited Papers 8.88 2.87 Final score 43.24 Final rank 628 Rank in UK 47 County UK
    46. 46. United Kingdom UNIV SUSSEX 264 UNIV NEWCASTLE UPON TYNE 161 UNIV GLASGOW 104 UNIV YORK 257 UNIV LIVERPOOL 149 UNIV BRISTOL 85 UNIV DUNDEE 247 UNIV SOUTHAMPTON 137 UNIV EDINBURGH 61 UNIV LONDON 234 UNIV LEEDS 132 UNIV MANCHESTER 55 UNIV LEICESTER 233 KINGS COLL LONDON 122 UNIV LONDON IMPERIAL COLL SCI TECHNOL & MED 32 UNIV ABERDEEN 232 UNIV NOTTINGHAM 120 UNIV OXFORD 20 UNIV DURHAM 215 UNIV SHEFFIELD 112 U NIV C OLLEGE L ONDON 18 CARDIFF UNIV 172 UNIV BIRMINGHAM 108 UNIV CAMBRIDGE 14 Name Rank Name Rank Name Rank
    47. 47. UNIV HULL 482 LONDON SCH HYG & TROP MED 350 UNIV LONDON ROYAL HOLLOWAY & BEDFORD NEW COLL 588 BRUNEL UNIV 474 UNIV LANCASTER 349 OXFORD CTR MOLEC SCI 586 PIAZZA UNIV 471 UNIV BATH 343 LIVERPOOL JOHN MOORES UNIV 584 UNIV LONDON QUEEN MARY & WESTFIELD COLL 455 UNIV E ANGLIA 317 HERIOT WATT UNIV 578 UNIV NEWCASTLE 409 UNIV READING 295 OPEN UNIV 558 UNIV SURREY 377 QUEENS UNIV BELFAST 283 UNIV PORTSMOUTH 548 UNIV STRATHCLYDE 373 UNIV WALES 273 UNIV ESSEX 512 UNIV EXETER 356 UNIV WARWICK 272 Name Rank Name Rank Name Rank
    48. 48. 5.Problem & Solution Quality Efficiency Internationalization Main problems of Chinese universities
    49. 49. CAMBRIDGE VS. PEKING UNIV CAMBRIDGE UNIV PEKING Data Score Data Score Indicator Number of Published Papers 45 376 45.67 23 282 23.44 Number of Total Cited times 870 790 30.83 149 372 5.29 Number of Highly Cited Papers 1 264 26.73 248 5.25 Number of Subjects Indexed by ESI 22 100 12 54.55 Number of Patents 8 0.26 115 3.67 Number of Hot Papers 42 30.66 5 3.65 Ratio of Highly Cited Papers 19.19 6.20 6.42 2.07 Final score 79.25 61.94 Final rank 14 155 Rank in UK 1 1 County UK CHINA
    50. 50. Solution Cultivation of teaching staff Construction of World-class subjects International high-level achievements Raising output / input
    51. 51. Welcome to wuhan university ! E-mail: zhaory999@yahoo.com.cn http://www.nseac.com Tel:86- 027-68754477(O) , 86-18971284848(M) Thank You!

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