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It emerged as a movement in twentieth-century literature and philosophy, though it had forerunners in earlier centuries. Existentialism generally postulates that the absence of a transcendent force (such as God) means that the individual is entirely free, and, therefore, ultimately responsible. It is up to humans to create an ethos of personal responsibility outside any branded belief system. In existentialist views, personal articulation of being is the only way to rise above humanity's absurd condition of much suffering and inevitable death.
1. Man is conscious subject rather than a thing to be predicted or manipulated.
2. Anxiety -- a generalized uneasiness. The dread of the nothingness of human existence. This dark picture of human life leads existentialists to reject ideas such as happiness and a sense of well being.
3. Absurdity -- Each of us is simply here, having been thrown into this time and place, but why now?
Carried to extremes, existentialism is a companion of anarchy . Furthermore, modern education is a mass enterprise. It is not possible to individualize the work of the school to provide specifics for each student. Moreover, we live in society. Students are living and will continue to live in society. External controls must exist of necessity. They are part of the socializing process through which all must go through.