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Dada

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  • 1. Art History 2 UST CFAD Asst. Prof. G. Malihan
  • 2. Dada <ul><li>Early 20th-century art movement, whose members sought to ridicule the culture of their time through deliberately absurd performances, poetry, and visual art. </li></ul>
  • 3. <ul><li>Dadaists embraced the extraordinary, the irrational, and the contradictory largely in reaction to the unprecedented and incomprehensible brutality of World War I (1914-1918). </li></ul>“ Smokers,” 1920-25.
  • 4. <ul><li>Their work was driven in part by a belief that deep-seated European values—nationalism, militarism, and even the long tradition of rational philosophy—were implicated in the horrors of the war. </li></ul><ul><li>Often described as nihilistic—that is, rejecting all moral values </li></ul>“ Leinie Spoor,” 1932
  • 5. <ul><li>Dadaists considered their movement an affirmation of life in the face of death. </li></ul>
  • 6. <ul><li>Dada movement acquired a name and a recognizable identity only in 1916, but the work of several artists anticipated dada's spirit a few years earlier. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Dada group photograph, 1921 </li></ul></ul>
  • 7. <ul><li>In 1913 French artist Marcel Duchamp made the first of his readymades , in which he elevated everyday objects, such as a bicycle wheel or a bottle rack, to the status of sculpture simply by exhibiting them in a gallery and pronouncing them art. </li></ul>
  • 8. <ul><li>Duchamp and French artist Francis Picabia took up temporary residence in New York City in 1915. </li></ul><ul><li>There, they created playful paintings, drawings, and sculptures that depicted figures in the form of mysterious machinery—a jab at new technology. </li></ul>
  • 9. <ul><li>Their work drew the attention of a small but active circle of sympathetic American patrons, writers, and artists, including photographer Man Ray. </li></ul>Man Ray , Cadeau , 1921,
  • 10. Dada <ul><li>ridiculed contemporary culture and traditional art forms. </li></ul><ul><li>movement was formed to prove the bankruptcy of existing style of artistic expression rather than to promote a particular style itself. </li></ul>
  • 11. <ul><li>It was born as a consequence of the collapse during World War I of social and moral values which had developed to that time. </li></ul>
  • 12. <ul><li>Dadaists typically produced art objects in unconventional forms produced by unconventional methods. </li></ul>
  • 13. <ul><li>Several artists employed the chance results of accident as a means of production, for instance. </li></ul><ul><li>Literally, the word dada means several things in several languages: it's French for &quot;hobbyhorse&quot; and Slavic for &quot;yes yes.&quot; </li></ul>
  • 14. <ul><li>Some authorities say that the name Dada is a nonsensical word chosen at random from a dictionary. </li></ul>
  • 15. <ul><li>In 1916 he gave up the Cubist style completely and began to produce the images of satiric, machinelike contrivances that are his chief contribution to Dadaism. </li></ul>
  • 16. Francis Picabia (1879-1953) <ul><li>The drawing Universal Prostitution (1916–19) and the painting Amorous Procession (1917) are typical of his Dadaist phase. </li></ul><ul><li>Their association of mechanistic forms with sexual allusions were successfully shocking satires of bourgeois values. </li></ul>
  • 17. <ul><li>The work of French painter Francis Picabia from 1915 to 1920 displays his fascination with mechanical objects. </li></ul><ul><li>Parade Amoureuse (1917), suggests a somewhat mysterious coupling of two machines. </li></ul>Parade Amoureuse
  • 18. SALOME Francis Picabia
  • 19. Catax Jesus y el Delfin Francis Picabia
  • 20. Luscunia Francis Picabia
  • 21. <ul><li>French artist who broke down the boundaries between works of art and everyday objects. </li></ul>
  • 22. <ul><li>After the sensation caused by “Nude Descending a Staircase, No. 2” (1912), he painted few other pictures. </li></ul>
  • 23. <ul><li>His irreverence for conventional aesthetic standards led him to devise his famous ready-mades and heralded an artistic revolution. </li></ul>
  • 24. <ul><li>French-born artist Marcel Duchamp changed the course of modern art in 1913 by exhibiting a bicycle wheel turned upside down and mounted on a kitchen stool. </li></ul>Bicycle Wheel
  • 25. <ul><li>Bicycle Wheel was the first of Duchamp’s so-called readymades, ordinary objects that he turned into objects of art by changing their context and exhibiting them as sculpture. </li></ul>Bicycle Wheel
  • 26. Two Nudes 1910 El Mattoral Marcel Duchamp
  • 27. <ul><li>German dadaists produced the movement’s first substantial body of visual artwork in the form of photocollage. </li></ul>
  • 28. <ul><li>Using images cut out of newspapers and commercial packaging, artists Raoul Hausmann, John Heartfield, and Hannah Höch made brutally satirical collages attacking German society and government. </li></ul><ul><li>German artist George Grosz created equally biting drawings that indicted a society in deep disarray after losing the war. </li></ul>
  • 29. <ul><li>By the end of 1922 the Dada movement had begun to fall apart. </li></ul><ul><li>Quarrels developed between some members, and others seemed to tire of maintaining a stance of outrage against society </li></ul>
  • 30. <ul><li>Other centers of Dada activity in Germany include Cologne, where Max Ernst made paintings and collages, and Hannover, where Kurt Schwitters assembled sculpture from bits of commonplace debris. </li></ul>
  • 31. <ul><li>Schwitters’s projects, which he called Merz, (a made-up word), culminated in a work called Merzbau (1923-1936, destroyed), an assemblage of cast-off objects that almost entirely filled his studio and family home. </li></ul><ul><li>Dada's last stronghold was Paris, to which nearly all its major participants—Tzara, Ernst, Picabia, Duchamp, Man Ray, and Arp—moved between 1919 and 1922. </li></ul>
  • 32. Enak's Tears (Terrestrial Forms) 1917 Birds in an Aquarium 1920 Jean Arp
  • 33. Objects Arranged According to the Law of Chance 1930 Jean Arp
  • 34. Head and Shell 1933 Human Concretion Without Oval Bowl 1933 Jean Arp
  • 35. Spirit of Our Time (Mechanical Head) 1919 Sans Titre Raoul Haussman
  • 36. ABCD 1924 Dada Siegt 1920 Raoul Haussman
  • 37. Cherry Picture 1921 Collage of colored papers, fabrics, printed labels and pictures, pieces of wood, and gouache on cardboard background Kurt Schwitters 
  • 38. Hitler Gang 1944 Collage Kurt Schwitters 
  • 39. Construction for Noble Ladies 1919 Assemblage Kurt Schwitters 
  • 40. Blood and Iron Goering The Executioner 1933 John Heartfield 
  • 41. Auch ein Propagandaminister 1935 War and Corpses: The Last Hope of the Rich 1932 John Heartfield 
  • 42. Fotomontage aus der Sammlung: &quot;Aus einem ethnographischen Museum&quot; 1929 The Sweet One Hannah Hoch
  • 43. Strange beauty.  Fotomontage aus der Sammlung: &quot;Aus einem ethnographischen Museum&quot; Hannah Hoch
  • 44. <ul><li>Technique of reproducing a texture or relief design by laying paper over it and rubbing it with some drawing medium, for example pencil or crayon </li></ul><ul><li>Max Ernst and other Surrealist artists incorporated such rubbings into their paintings by means of collage. </li></ul>
  • 45. <ul><li>It is also a popular method of making rubbings of medieval church brasses and other ancient monuments and inscriptions. </li></ul>

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