Expressionism   Andrea Ringer   Donna Tjandra   Michelle Gutta
“Expressionismis to the eyewhat a screamis to hearing.”~ PierreCourthion                  Edvard Munch “The Scream”       ...
The Word “Expressionism”    Describes a wide variety of art    First used to describe modern art in general    Fauvism,...
The Word “Expressionism”:               Sonderbund    Turning point for the definition was the    Sonderbund Exhibition. ...
The Word “Expressionism”: Later    As the movement gained popularity:    −   Art critics could not agree on a single defi...
The Word “Expressionism”: Now    In modern context, Expressionism is broadly    by the dictionary defined as:    −   “ A ...
About ExpressionismOriginated in GermanyExpressionism started as a response to the anxiety about mans diminishing relation...
About ExpressionismDescribe emotions and feelingsBrushwork and colorSpiritual elementMore of a state of mind than a unifie...
About ExpressionismHighly subjective, personal, spontaneous self-  expressionWood CutsColor and shape distortion          ...
Influenced By…RomanticismFauvismSymbolismPost-Impressionism
RomanticismCaspar David Friedrich “Wanderer Above a Sea of Fog1818
FauvismAndré Derain “Mountains at     Ernst Ludwig Kirchner     Collioure” 1905         ”Davos under Snow” 1923
SymbolismPaul Gauguin “Where do we come from? What are we?Where are we going?” 1897
Post-ImpressionismVincent Van Gogh “The Night Café”1888
Three Waves of ExpressionismBeginnings of Expressionism (1880 – 1905)  Artists: Van Gogh, MunchThe Bridge (1905 – 1911)  G...
Beginnings of Expressionism    Unification of Germany    Formation of various art institutes    Rebellion to the instit...
Beginnings: Important Artists    Vincent Van Gogh    Paul Gauguin    Paula Modersohn – Becker    Edvard Munch
Van Gogh: Starry Night, 1889
Gauguin: Whats New? 1892
Modersohn – Becker: Trumpeting          Girl, 1903
Edvard Munch1863 – 1944From NorwayDeeply affected by the death of his mother and  sister when he was young.Father was a st...
Edvard Munch “The Dead Mother” 1899
Edvard Munch “Spring Evening on Karl Johan Street” 1892
“I hear                                 the                                 scream                                 of     ...
I saw all peoplebehind their masks –smiling phlegmatic –composed faces – Isaw through themand there wassuffering in them a...
Edvard Munch “The Kiss” 1897
The BridgeA German group of Expressionists that lasted  from 1905-1913.The spirit of the group was displayed through their...
The Bridge- MembersErnst Ludwig KirchnerErich HeckelKarl Schmidt- RottluffFritz BleylThey were later joined by artists Emi...
Crouching Nude- Karl Schmidt-Rottluff 1905
This is a poster done by Fritz Bleylthat was for one of the Groupsexhibitions.
The Bridge- GoalsThe Bridge wanted to re-infuse German art with spiritual vigorThey wanted to find a revolutionary belief ...
Pentecost- Nolde, 1909
StandingChild-ErichHeckel,1911
Self Portrait-       White Tree Trunks-Karl Schmidt-Rottluff       Emil Nolde
Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: 1880 - 1938    Most influential of the Bridge    Studied architecture    −   Spent two semesters ...
Kirchner: Influences    Van Gogh and Munch    City life    Landscapes    Human Body
Kirchner: Womans Head with      Sunflowers, 1906
Kirchner:Semi – Nude Woman With            Hat, 1911
Kirchner: 5 Women in the Street, 1913
Kirchner: Self Portrait as a Soldier, 1915
Kirchner: Moonlit Winter Night, 1919
Kirchner: Painters of Die Brüke, 1926/27
Kirchner: Three Nudes in the      Woods, 1934/35
Blue Rider1911, after the BridgeFounded by Kandinsky and MarcClassified as part of German ExpressionismDifferent than the ...
Kandinsky “The Blue Rider” 1903
Franz Marc “The Yellow Cow” 1911
Franz Marc “Tiger” 1912
August Macke “Lady in a Green Jacket”1913
Alexei Jawlensky “Head”1910
Wassily KandinskyA Russian expressionist, who later moved  toward abstractionismUsed lots of colors -fascinated with color...
Houses in Murnau  on Obermarkt- Kandinsky, 1908
This is the cover of the BlueRider Almanac, painted byKandinsky in 1911. It is thebeginning of the artistsshowing “primiti...
Cossacks- 1911
Kandinsky in the Blue Rider• Munich New Artist’s Association- 1911• 1910-1914  – Impressions  – Improvisations  – Composit...
Composition V- 1911
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Expressionism third hour

  1. 1. Expressionism Andrea Ringer Donna Tjandra Michelle Gutta
  2. 2. “Expressionismis to the eyewhat a screamis to hearing.”~ PierreCourthion Edvard Munch “The Scream” 1893
  3. 3. The Word “Expressionism” Describes a wide variety of art First used to describe modern art in general Fauvism, Cubism, and Futurism were included
  4. 4. The Word “Expressionism”: Sonderbund Turning point for the definition was the Sonderbund Exhibition. − More association with German art − More association with the portrayal of the artists internal feelings rather than the outside world
  5. 5. The Word “Expressionism”: Later As the movement gained popularity: − Art critics could not agree on a single definition − Expressionist artists rejected their own labels − Movement spread geographically and to other art forms as well
  6. 6. The Word “Expressionism”: Now In modern context, Expressionism is broadly by the dictionary defined as: − “ A style in art, music, or drama in which the artist or writer tries to express the inner world of emotion rather than external reality”
  7. 7. About ExpressionismOriginated in GermanyExpressionism started as a response to the anxiety about mans diminishing relationship with the world.Distorted reality through exaggerationSpontaneousRelationship with the environment
  8. 8. About ExpressionismDescribe emotions and feelingsBrushwork and colorSpiritual elementMore of a state of mind than a unified styleShowed distortion, exaggeration, primitivism, and fantasy.
  9. 9. About ExpressionismHighly subjective, personal, spontaneous self- expressionWood CutsColor and shape distortion Frenzi Reclining- Erich Heckel, 1910
  10. 10. Influenced By…RomanticismFauvismSymbolismPost-Impressionism
  11. 11. RomanticismCaspar David Friedrich “Wanderer Above a Sea of Fog1818
  12. 12. FauvismAndré Derain “Mountains at Ernst Ludwig Kirchner Collioure” 1905 ”Davos under Snow” 1923
  13. 13. SymbolismPaul Gauguin “Where do we come from? What are we?Where are we going?” 1897
  14. 14. Post-ImpressionismVincent Van Gogh “The Night Café”1888
  15. 15. Three Waves of ExpressionismBeginnings of Expressionism (1880 – 1905) Artists: Van Gogh, MunchThe Bridge (1905 – 1911) Germany Started with a group of four artistsAfter the Bridge (1911 – 1919) Blue Rider Continuing influence of Expressionism
  16. 16. Beginnings of Expressionism Unification of Germany Formation of various art institutes Rebellion to the institutes − Groups called Secessions were formed
  17. 17. Beginnings: Important Artists Vincent Van Gogh Paul Gauguin Paula Modersohn – Becker Edvard Munch
  18. 18. Van Gogh: Starry Night, 1889
  19. 19. Gauguin: Whats New? 1892
  20. 20. Modersohn – Becker: Trumpeting Girl, 1903
  21. 21. Edvard Munch1863 – 1944From NorwayDeeply affected by the death of his mother and sister when he was young.Father was a strict ChristianTravelled to Paris, Berlin, and Italy to study artMajor collection of works – Frieze of LifeThe faces and landscapes of Scandinavia were his main sources of inspiration
  22. 22. Edvard Munch “The Dead Mother” 1899
  23. 23. Edvard Munch “Spring Evening on Karl Johan Street” 1892
  24. 24. “I hear the scream of Nature.”Edvard Munch “The Scream” 1893
  25. 25. I saw all peoplebehind their masks –smiling phlegmatic –composed faces – Isaw through themand there wassuffering in them all –pale corpses – whowithout rest ranaround – along atwisted road at theend of which was thegrave. Edvard Munch “Anxiety” 1894
  26. 26. Edvard Munch “The Kiss” 1897
  27. 27. The BridgeA German group of Expressionists that lasted from 1905-1913.The spirit of the group was displayed through their works of artInfluenced by van Gogh, Gauguin, Munch, and primitive art.Name- The Bridge
  28. 28. The Bridge- MembersErnst Ludwig KirchnerErich HeckelKarl Schmidt- RottluffFritz BleylThey were later joined by artists Emil Nolde, Max Pechstein, and Otto Muller.
  29. 29. Crouching Nude- Karl Schmidt-Rottluff 1905
  30. 30. This is a poster done by Fritz Bleylthat was for one of the Groupsexhibitions.
  31. 31. The Bridge- GoalsThe Bridge wanted to re-infuse German art with spiritual vigorThey wanted to find a revolutionary belief that people would be inspired by.The Bridge also wanted to make a statement that was intuitive and unskilled.
  32. 32. Pentecost- Nolde, 1909
  33. 33. StandingChild-ErichHeckel,1911
  34. 34. Self Portrait- White Tree Trunks-Karl Schmidt-Rottluff Emil Nolde
  35. 35. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner: 1880 - 1938 Most influential of the Bridge Studied architecture − Spent two semesters studying art Self enlisted in WWI in 1914, discharged 1915 Grew suspicious in later life Committed suicide
  36. 36. Kirchner: Influences Van Gogh and Munch City life Landscapes Human Body
  37. 37. Kirchner: Womans Head with Sunflowers, 1906
  38. 38. Kirchner:Semi – Nude Woman With Hat, 1911
  39. 39. Kirchner: 5 Women in the Street, 1913
  40. 40. Kirchner: Self Portrait as a Soldier, 1915
  41. 41. Kirchner: Moonlit Winter Night, 1919
  42. 42. Kirchner: Painters of Die Brüke, 1926/27
  43. 43. Kirchner: Three Nudes in the Woods, 1934/35
  44. 44. Blue Rider1911, after the BridgeFounded by Kandinsky and MarcClassified as part of German ExpressionismDifferent than the Bridge artistsPublication – refused to include Expressionist paintingsConnected art with musicSymbolism of colorShort Lived – Outbreak of WWIOther Artists: Alexei Von Jawlensky, Franz Marc, August Macke, Paul Klee, Gabriel Munter
  45. 45. Kandinsky “The Blue Rider” 1903
  46. 46. Franz Marc “The Yellow Cow” 1911
  47. 47. Franz Marc “Tiger” 1912
  48. 48. August Macke “Lady in a Green Jacket”1913
  49. 49. Alexei Jawlensky “Head”1910
  50. 50. Wassily KandinskyA Russian expressionist, who later moved toward abstractionismUsed lots of colors -fascinated with colorNon-objectiveWorked closely with Munich
  51. 51. Houses in Murnau on Obermarkt- Kandinsky, 1908
  52. 52. This is the cover of the BlueRider Almanac, painted byKandinsky in 1911. It is thebeginning of the artistsshowing “primitives” in theirartwork.
  53. 53. Cossacks- 1911
  54. 54. Kandinsky in the Blue Rider• Munich New Artist’s Association- 1911• 1910-1914 – Impressions – Improvisations – Compositions
  55. 55. Composition V- 1911

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