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Copy of types of speech
 

Copy of types of speech

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    Copy of types of speech Copy of types of speech Presentation Transcript

    • 1. Speech to Inform – This types of Speech aims to Impart knowledge to make things clear to gain new Information and secure understanding. Lecture, reports and Speeches that give instruction and directions are example of Speech to Inform.
    • 2. Speech to Entertain – Speech toEntertain aims to give the audience apleasant diversion, so that theaudience will find pleasure andenjoyment. Speeches delivered inclub meetings, dinners and partiesare example of Speech to Entertain.
    • 3. Speech to Persuade – The speechto persuade the audience to think,feel or act. The main purpose of thespeech is to convince the audienceto do something. Speeches use toargumentation and debate, andthose speech use in sales areexample of speech to persuade.
    • • inspirational• Commemoration or Celebration• Nomination• Goodwill• Tribute• Toast• Introduction• Farewell• Entertainment• Dedication• Eulogies/Memorial
    • The pre-game pep talk is a form of thisspeech. Party Nomination speeches also havecharacteristic of inspiration. What you want todo is provide ―reasons‖ or links for theaudience to grasp. That is, tell them why thisevent should be important to them and aboutwhat they should to be excited. Using personalexperience here is open quite useful. Keepyour point simple; be sure to make your pointclear; and identify specific behaviors theaudience can engage in.
    • Commemoration deals with past events, e.g.,patriotic and historical occasion and celebration ofpast events Celebration are often more focused oncurrent events: graduation, celebration of―specialness‖ bicentennials, individual or groupsaccomplishments, etc. Be sure to have coherentpoint. Narrative, personal and family experiences,and retelling of important stories are strategies thatare often employed here.
    • Persuasive and enthusiastic. Speech to actuate.Like a speech of tribute. Business-like energetic,and your goal is to stress the qualification of theperson involved. Begin with statement of intent ―torise to place name in nomination‖; state therequirement needed for the job; name the candidateand state the person’s qualification for the position–your job is to show why the nominee is an excellentchoice finally urge the audience to endorse thecandidate as you formally place their name innomination. Alternatively, you might start with theperson’s name if they are well known andunderstood to be a potential candidate.
    • 1. Stress dominant traits.2. Mention only outstanding achievements.3. Give special emphasis to the skills of the person.4. Narration and anecdote is appropriate here, as are metaphors.5. Try to ―whip up the crowd‖– especially supporters.
    • Objectives of goodwill attitude. Establish Ethos.Goodwill speeches are based aroundcreation/cultivation of modesty, tolerance andgood humor. Sometimes your goal will be tochange uniformed beliefs and hostile attitudes.You most now and represent the fact clearly andshow a tolerant, patient, attitude. Do not derive orattack opposing views or competitors but insteadgood-natured good-humored. Keep in mind threethings:
    • 1. Present interesting and novel information and fact about your subject;2. Show a relationship between a subject and the lives of your audience;3. Offer a definite service or information to the audience. Humility is the key here. Do not so much attack oppositional views as offer to help the audience understand your better. Introduction (of self)speeches where are speaker identifies /explains his/her services are example of this speech
    • To create in those who hear it a sense ofappreciation for the traits oraccomplishments of the particular personor group. If you make the audiencerealize their essential worth you havesucceeded, however, you should gobeyond this; by honoring the person orgroup represented. Avoid pedanticspeech and ostentatious speaking nopurple prose.
    • 1. Stress dominant traits.2. Mention only outstanding achievements3. Give special emphasis to the influence of the group/person
    • Many cultures including our own employa sophisticated tradition of toasting. ―Toast Masters‖ (the group) in a sense,practice a form of toasting; as does theRotary club.
    • 1. The purpose of the toast is to honor and call attention to someone or something2. They can be humorous or serious depending on the situation or speaker.3. in western culture you should keep it short and have . A point (1-2 minutes is good )4. panache, kairos, polish , and poise are most important here. You want to give the most memorable toast at the table.5. Don’t read from note cards.
    • Make the audience receptive for the speakerwant to hear him/her: Talk with the speaker,perhaps consult their resume or vitae. Thespeech of introduction is intended to highlightthe accomplishments, credentials, activities,and characteristic of the individual to speak.There are several conventions to beobserved when conducting an effectivespeech of introduction. Do them well and theaudience will be excited and feel rewarded tohere the speaker; do them poorly and theaudience will want you to shut up.
    • 1. make the audience receptive for the speakero you might relate an anecdote or (short) story, arouse curiosity etc.o Make an effort to get the audience would find interesting, significant, or appealing.2. Cover the aspects of the speaker backgroud that the audience would find pertinent: education, special honors, work, etc. (This information can be gained by interviewing the speaker or getting an information sheet from then).3. Reveal the title or topic or the speech and make the connection between the speech and the audience do not talk about the topic yourself.4. Never talk about yourself or your own ideas/theories on the subject. Although, you mighty relate some anecdote about how the person to speak was especially helpful, etc.
    • 5. Neither praise too highly, nor belittle or insult the speaker.6. The more famous the speaker the less you need to say.7. Some humor is okay, if it is in keeping with the occasion and tasteful.8. Be brief Get up, Speak up, shut up.
    • A speech of Introduction should accomplish three purposes:1. Build enthusiasm for the upcoming speaker2. Build enthusiasm for the speaker’s topic3. Establish a welcoming climate that will boost the speaker’s credibility.
    • 1. Be brief. The attention should be on the speaker not the one giving the introduction Under normal circumstances, an introduction should be no more than 2-3 minutes long-and even shorter if the audience already knows the speaker.2. make sure your introduction is completely accurate. Cheek with the speaker beforehand to make sure the information is correct, especially the speaker’s name3. Adapt your remarks to the occasion certain situations will require more formal language than others.
    • 4. Adapt your introduction to the main speaker. Don’t make things difficult for the speaker by praising him or her too much or by telling funny yet embarrassing details.5. Adapt your remarks to the audience. Your aim is to make this audience want to hear this speaker on this topic. Give information that will interest this particular audience in this speaker and topic.6. try to create a sense of anticipation and drama. You will usually withhold the speaker’s name until the end to build drama. As with all ceremonial speeches, you should set the information in a creative and engaging context to get and keep the audience’s attention.7. Practice. It may be short, but it is also important. Work out the delivery beforehand and give the speech with sincerity and enthusiasm.
    • Farewell speeches are given by boththe retiree, and by those who areremaining behind. When expressinggratitude for another, note theexperiences, kindness, support,helpfulness, opportunities,consideration, and warmth individualextended.
    • 1. Honor then-create a desire for the audience to emulate him/her.2. do not try to tell everything about the person- pick out the dominant personal traits, outstanding achievements, and or influence on other. Keep your lists short but keen.3. Although you may express regret at their departure , be positive about the future –tell where they are going..you will miss them ,but they go on greater/better things.4 .Do not make the audience overly depressed.5.sometimes a gift is connected with the speech (the cliché gold watch)present it at the end of the speech.
    • The speech to entertain requires moreImagination, creativity, discretion, versatility,and judgment than perhaps any other type ofspeech. The purpose of the speech toentertain is, according to Robert G. King, ―tointerest, please and amuse your listeners.’’J. K. Horner writes that the primary purposeof the after dinner [or entertainment] speechis ―entertainment and good fellowship’’.
    • Enjoyment is the desired response from the audience in a speech to entertain. It’s function is to contribute favorably to the climate of fellowship among the listeners. In a successful speech to entertain, observes William Allen wood, ―We expect our intellect, our taste and our affections to be pleased. ― Additional suggestions for the composition and delivery o after dinner speeches are as follows:
    • 1.Carefully select an interesting ,timely ,and appropriate topic. having something familiar in the talk that the audience can relate to will enhance listener interest .having a novel or surprise feature in the talk will enhance attention.2.build your speech around a central theme , Moral ,or one point idea.3.support your main point or central theme with colorful stories, narrative and examples.4. Be imaginative and creative when delivering your talk- .few speech demand more imagination and creativity than the speech to entertain.5.be genial and good natured when delivering your talk-ironing is acceptable but not bitterness.6.Be optimistic and modest when speaking and create an appropriate mood for your listeners.7.Use plenty of humor.8.Humor is key ingredients in speech to entertain. This can be accomplished through satire ,irony , banter ridicule ,and wit. some of the re cognized constituents of humor are:
    •  Exaggeration: the process of talking an ideas or statement beyond the limits of reality. Incongruity: the process of provoking an unexpected response from one’s speech material. Anticlimax: arranges a series of items in a growing order of significance only to end suddenly in the absurd Puns: involve the humorous use of a word that can be interpreted multiple ways. play on Words: deals with the imaginative and creative use of language designed to produce a humorous response.
    • Dedication speeches are given for theperson or people who wereinstrumental in the construction,fundraising, or placement of building,objects, monuments, artworks, ship, (or any monumental vessel) and place(parks, etc).
    • 1. State the purpose of the occasion or the meaning to the group or organization yes, they know this but you do it anyway for any guests or media who might be in attendance.2. Give brief, pertinent facts—the history of a building, object or the persons involve with it— life facts about the person for a statue, etc.,3. Express thanks for any person particularly instrumental in building, creating, and/or fund raising.
    • 4. What inspiration for the future can the assembled group (and those not assembled) draw from the occasion/event?5. Narration/Anecdote is appropriate here, as are brief metaphorical stories or aphorisms.6. Eloquence, originality, and profundity are the key her. Do not rely on stereotypes, do not use puns, avoid dead metaphors, and try to say something lasting and something that will sound good on the 5:00 news.
    • Eulogies are usually given for aperson soon after their death at afuneral service: memorials are for the living and not the dead.
    • 1. The general purpose is to pay honor or tribute to the deceased. Never forget, however, that you are giving the speech for the living and not the dead.2. Stress the dominant traits, outstanding achievements, and/or the influence the person had on events and people.3. A biographical account of the person’s life (birth to death) is often part of the eulogy.4. Create a sense of appreciation for the person. And hold their life up as one worthy of emulation….Unless you think that they were a rotten so-and-so in which case you probably shouldn’t be speaking about them.5. Highlight using quotations, stories, and examples.
    • God Bless To All!!