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Types of speeches

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Types of speeches

  1. 1. Types of Speeches <ul><li>the principle purpose of a speech will generally fall into four basic types </li></ul>
  2. 2. <ul><li>Informative </li></ul><ul><li>Persuasive </li></ul><ul><li>Entertaining </li></ul><ul><li>technical </li></ul>
  3. 3. Informative speech <ul><li>In an informative speech you </li></ul><ul><li>Explain something to people </li></ul><ul><li>Help people to understand something </li></ul><ul><li>Show them how to do something </li></ul>
  4. 4. Points to remember <ul><li>You have to remember that the whole purpose of your speech is to teach the audience something that they don't already know. </li></ul><ul><li>The audience need time to take in what you've said. </li></ul><ul><li>If you speak too quickly your audience will be trying to understand one sentence while you're speaking the next sentence! </li></ul>
  5. 5. Examples <ul><li>The speech given by the head of an organization </li></ul><ul><li>A computer programmer speaking about new software </li></ul><ul><li>A travelogue about the tour </li></ul><ul><li>A teacher telling students about something </li></ul>
  6. 6. Persuasive speech <ul><li>The persuasive speech is </li></ul><ul><li>To sell an audience on an idea </li></ul><ul><li>To promote a specific product </li></ul><ul><li>To convince someone to take action </li></ul><ul><li>You want them To think, act and believe in what you want them to </li></ul>
  7. 7. Points to remember <ul><li>Make use of graphs and supporting documentation </li></ul><ul><li>Present some facts and figures but make sure that they're accurate and that they support your point of view. </li></ul><ul><li>If there have been similar problems you can tell your audience how they were solved. </li></ul><ul><li>Try to make it personal to your listeners, if it's going to effect their family, home or job they will start to take notice. </li></ul>
  8. 8. Examples <ul><li>Improve your health through better eating </li></ul><ul><li>Television violence is negatively influencing our children </li></ul><ul><li>Become a volunteer and change the world </li></ul>
  9. 9. Entertaining speech <ul><li>Entertaining speeches are </li></ul><ul><li>Usually short </li></ul><ul><li>Giving the audience an enjoyable experience </li></ul><ul><li>Leave the audience with a favorable impression not only of himself or herself, but also of the organization </li></ul><ul><li>To amuse through humors, stories or illustrations </li></ul>
  10. 10. Purpose of entertaining speech <ul><li>Crowd pleaser </li></ul><ul><li>Get promotion </li></ul><ul><li>Hold attention </li></ul>
  11. 11. Points to remember <ul><li>The speech still must make a valid point or argument, but it can be done using humor </li></ul><ul><li>A speech to entertain may be either informative or persuasive in nature, but the supporting materials are selected primarily based on their entertainment value. </li></ul>
  12. 12. Examples <ul><li>After dinner speech </li></ul><ul><li>Comic monologues </li></ul>
  13. 13. Technical speech <ul><li>The technical speech involves </li></ul><ul><li>Visuals and printed handouts </li></ul><ul><li>Even videotape </li></ul><ul><li>This is informative </li></ul>
  14. 14. Points to remember <ul><li>This is informative but goes beyond simple information. </li></ul><ul><li>It may be a presentation to peers at a professional meeting </li></ul><ul><li>May be an official presentation to a group such as regulatory body </li></ul>
  15. 15. Brief remarks <ul><li>It is actually the category of the speech, which are given on special occasions as expression of thanks, welcome or acceptance. </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>They are not scripted. Speaker give the remarks in his or her own words. But if it is a highly official function, it is better to use a script. </li></ul>
  17. 17. Planning for speech <ul><li>A proper planning is required before a speech </li></ul><ul><li>Choose the topic </li></ul><ul><li>Do some research </li></ul><ul><li>Remember the information you are going to provide to your audience should be new and valuable </li></ul><ul><li>The information should be accurate </li></ul>
  18. 18. 4P’s for planning . plan . prepare . practice . present
  19. 19. Guidelines for planning <ul><li>Purpose of the speech </li></ul><ul><li>Decide what you wish to speak about </li></ul><ul><li>Do you wish to: </li></ul><ul><li>Instruct and inform </li></ul><ul><li>Convince, persuade, influence or motivate </li></ul><ul><li>Amuse and entertain </li></ul><ul><li>What are the objectives of your speech </li></ul><ul><li>Know your audience </li></ul>
  20. 20. Paring <ul><li>If you have done your research well, you will have many more ideas that you can introduce in a single speech. Begin paring. Select the three most important ideas you want people in the audience to carry away with them. </li></ul>
  21. 21. <ul><li>You should </li></ul><ul><li>Repeat the ideas </li></ul><ul><li>Introduce the audience in a logical sequence </li></ul><ul><li>Using relationships that aid retention </li></ul><ul><li>Use anecdotes </li></ul>
  22. 22. Persuading <ul><li>Logical proof </li></ul><ul><li>Emotional appeal </li></ul><ul><li>Give reasons </li></ul>
  23. 23. Mechanics of organization <ul><li>Start with a title </li></ul><ul><li>Write down the purpose </li></ul><ul><li>List the ideas you want the audience to retain </li></ul><ul><li>Write a conclusion </li></ul>
  24. 24. <ul><li>Thank you!!!! </li></ul>

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