Speaking on Special Occasions A well-crafted special occasion speech should accomplish two goals:1. Entertain the audience.2. Offer an important idea for the audience to consider (moral to the story).
TYPES of Special Occasion Speeches • speeches of introduction • speeches of presentation • acceptance speeches • tributes • speeches to entertain
TYPES of Special Occasion Speeches Speeches of Introduction Key Points: focus on featured speaker; be brief; establish the speaker’s credibility --ask for resume, talk to or do research on person --highlight key info only --do not exaggerate or oversell the speaker --set the tone for the speech --keep in mind what the speaker’s topic is and why you are gathered to hear the speech Examples: - intro of commencement/keynote speaker; intro of political figure - convention speakers
TYPES of Special Occasion Speeches Speeches of Presentation Key Points: state the purpose of the award or recognition, rationale for presenting it; history of award; previous recipients; requirements--state the recipient’s qualifications--highlight honoree’s accomplishments and how/why receiving award--adapt speech’s organization to audience knowledge--don’t have to state recipient’s name right award; can use ambiguity or general comments to arouse and maintain audience interest--compliment all/other finalist for the awardExamples: - speech conferring an award, prize, or some other recognition on an individual or group - Tony Awards for Broadway play, Academy Awards for movies and actors, Grammy Awards for musicians - man/woman of the year, club of the year, scholarship award
TYPES of Special Occasion Speeches Acceptance Speeches Key Points: thank those who bestowed the award --compliment the competition --thank those who helped you attain the award --accept the award graciously Examples: - speech responding to a speech of presentation - Tony Awards for Broadway play, Academy Awards for movies and actors, Grammy Awards for musicians - man/woman of the year, club of the year, scholarship award
TYPES of Special Occasion Speeches Tributes Key Points: establish noble themes --ask yourself “Why is this person worthy of my respect and praise?” --celebrate what is/was good about person, but don’t exaggerate --provide vivid examples, anecdotes, stories and personal testimonies --express audience feelings --express more than just your view; include audience in tribute --create a memorable image, but be genuine Examples: - roasts or toasts - eulogy, memorials - Ron Reagan eulogy speech at Ronald Reagan’s funeral http://www.americanrhetoric.com/speechbank.htm
TYPES of Special Occasion Speeches Speeches to Entertain Key Points: make a point and communicate a thesis --be creative --give audience a glimpse of your view of the world --be organized --introduction, body, conclusion --use appropriate humor: 1. be relevant (to main ideas of speech) 2. be tasteful (err on the side of caution) 3. be tactful 4. be positive --use spirited delivery (personality, timing, interaction) Examples: - usually presented after a banquet, part of awards ceremony or other festive occasion - graduation commencements