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  1. 1. SUNRISE STATES Introduction Northeast India comprises of seven states - Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Nagaland, Tripura and Sikkim. Districts of Darjeeling, Jalpaiguri and Koch Bihar are also included in Northeast India. Total area = 262,230 km2 Population density = 148/km2
  2. 2. This region is also called as “ North East India supports highest bird diversities with bird species. Below are the list of prominent National Parks in the region. 1. Namdapha National Park:- Location: Changlang district (Arunachal Pradesh) Area: 1985 km2 also called as “Paradise Unexplored Wildlife North East India supports highest bird diversities with Below are the list of prominent National Parks in the Namdapha National Paradise Unexplored” North East India supports highest bird diversities with about 850 Below are the list of prominent National Parks in the
  3. 3. 2.Manas National Park:- Location: Assam Area: 950km2 3.Kaziranga National Park:- Location: Golaghat and Nagaon Districts (Assam) Area: 430km2 Agriculture  Total cropped area = 5.3 million hectares. The region falls under high rainfall zone and the climate ranges from subtropical to alpine. The agricultural practices in the region are broadly of three distinct types:- I. Settled Farming
  4. 4. II. Shifting cultivation III. Slash and Burn method Majority of the population, predominantly tribal, is dependent on agriculture and land-based activities The seven states are rich in fertile soil, immense water resources, mega bio-diversity. Share of NE states in production of major crops (2008-09):- Northeast State Rice Wheat Cereals Pulses Food Grains Oil Seeds Arunachal Pradesh 163.9 5.2 77.777.7 9.0 255.8 30.5 Assam 4008.5.5 5454.6.6 15.415.4 64.64.55 4143.0 137.9 Manipur 397.0 - 11.5 6.5 415.0 07 Meghalaya 203.9 0.7 27.8 3.9 236.3 7.1 Mizoram 46.0 - 9.3 3.6 58.9 2.5 Nagaland 345.1 2.1 127.3 39.7 514.2 71.5 Sikkim 21.7 7.8 66.2 11.8 107.5 7.4 Tripura 627.1 1.2 2.0 4.4 634.7 2.5
  5. 5. Agricultural Research and Education: Pesticide residue management and newer product development. Improvement of tea, ornamental plants, medicinal plants, forest trees through application of biotechnology. Post-harvest engineering and technology can help more and increase employment. New genes need to be introduced for increasing total biomass To reduce post-harvest losses at production eco-friendly on-farm storage structures can play a crucial role Judicious use of biotechnology tool in crop and livestock improvement. Conventional breeding methodology sometimes provides quicker results at less cost Grassland improvement must be introduced Alternating crops for escaping pre Creating cold storage faci Physical Roads Special Accelerated Road Development Programme for North East (SARP-NE) (Initially approved by Cabinet 2005-2006) Agricultural Research and Education:- Pesticide residue management and newer product Improvement of tea, ornamental plants, medicinal plants, forest trees through application of biotechnology. harvest engineering and technology can help more and increase employment. New genes need to be introduced for increasing total biomass harvest losses at production centers farm storage structures can play a crucial role biotechnology tool in crop and livestock breeding methodology sometimes provides quicker results at less cost. Grassland improvement must be introduced Alternating crops for escaping pre-monsoon showers Creating cold storage facilities for perishable commodities Physical Infrastructur Special Accelerated Road Programme for NE) Initially approved by Cabinet Pesticide residue management and newer product Improvement of tea, ornamental plants, medicinal plants, forest harvest engineering and technology can help farmers earn New genes need to be introduced for increasing total biomass. centers low cost farm storage structures can play a crucial role. biotechnology tool in crop and livestock breeding methodology sometimes provides monsoon showers. lities for perishable commodities. Infrastructure
  6. 6. Objectives:- Upgrade National Highways connecting State Capitals to 2 lane / 4 lane. Provide connectivity of all 88 District Headquarter towns of NER by at least 2-lane road. Provide road connectivity to backward and remote areas of NE region to boost socio - economic development. Improve roads of strategic importance in border areas. Improve connectivity to neighboring countries. Railways Objectives of Master Plan for North East Region Connectivity to all State Capitals. Strengthening International Borders – Improving trade and connectivity with neighbouring countries. Augmentation of network capacity for handling growth of traffic in future. Uni gauge - Broad gauge network all over NER (50 km Meter Gauge & 87.48 km Narrow Gauge are world heritage sites).  Expansion of network to unconnected areas of the region.
  7. 7. Air Connectivity Inland Waterways Air Connectivity Inland Waterways
  8. 8. Power Telecommunication North East Telecom – Telecommunication – Circles:-
  9. 9. 1.North East Region comprises of Three Telecom Licensed Service Areas (LSAs) 2.Assam LSA covers full Assam state 3. North East LSA covers six states viz. Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram, Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur. 4.However, BSNL has further segregated North East LSA in 2 Telecom Circles – North East-1(Meghalaya, Tripura, Mizoram) & – North East-2(Arunachal Pradesh, Nagaland and Manipur) 5.Sikkim is a part of West Bengal LSA Power According to an official document of NEEPCO, the hydro- power of the north eastern region is estimated at about 58,971 MW.  19 power projects, including twelve 3,918 MW capacity hydel power projects and four thermal power projects with installed capacity of 5,595 MW, are under progress. The power plants either being set up or would be set up are in Arunachal Pradesh, Assam, Meghalaya, Sikkim, Mizoram and Tripura.
  10. 10. Recommendations: Government should take up the development of Assam and Meghalaya The issue of gas availability and pricing may be appropriately addressed for exploiting the substantial gas reserves in the Region for power generation Recommendations: Government should substantial gas reserves in the Region for power generationsubstantial gas reserves in the Region for power generation.
  11. 11. Attention should be given to inland wa of connectivity. In planning road networks under SARDP particular attention should be given to roads, bridges and underpasses with adequate design capacity considering transportation of heavy ODCs to Conclusion Institutional change supporting economic enhancement and growth at a social level requires economic incentives, supported by political will. With India moving into a new era of economic liberation, the region should not be left out. The framework for devel upon four vital components. The first component of this development plan should be social empowerment. It needs to empower rural communities, create sustainable institutions so that they manage common activities around microfinance, livelihoods and natural resource management. The second component needs to be economic empowerment. The objective of this component should ideally be to develop the capacity of rural communities to plan and manage funds for various econo The third component will be partnership development. The objective of this component should be to partner with various service providers, resource institutions and public and private sector organization resources such as finance, technology, and marketing into the project so that the community groups are able to improve their livelihoods. The fourth and final component will be project management. This will facilitate various governance, implementation, co- Thus, with some of the changes that this paper attempts to deliberate upon, a process could be set in motion that could support the north east in its endeavor to contribute to as to the development of the rest of the country. It is vital that this process includes mechanisms for equitably sharing the benefits to be derived from development and focuses not only on the big broad-based, long-term growth, but also on those complementary activities that have immediate impact on poverty reduction at the community level. ttention should be given to inland water routes as a method In planning road networks under SARDP particular attention should be given to roads, bridges and underpasses with adequate design capacity considering transportation of heavy ODCs to power projects Institutional change supporting economic enhancement and growth at a social level requires economic incentives, supported by political will. With India moving into a new era of economic liberation, the region should not be left out. The framework for development of the region can be broadly based upon four vital components. The first component of this development plan should be social empowerment. It needs to empower rural communities, create sustainable institutions so that they manage common activities ound microfinance, livelihoods and natural resource management. The second component needs to be economic empowerment. The objective of this component should ideally be to develop the capacity of rural communities to plan and manage funds for various economic initiatives and common activities for the public. The third component will be partnership development. The objective of this component should be to partner with various service providers, resource institutions and public and private sector organization resources such as finance, technology, and marketing into the project so that the community groups are able to improve their livelihoods. The fourth and final component will be project management. This will facilitate -ordination, learning and quality enhancement efforts in the project. his paper attempts to deliberate upon, a process could be set in motion that could support the north east in its endeavor to contribute to the economic resurgence of the home region as well as to the development of the rest of the country. It is vital that this process includes mechanisms for equitably sharing the benefits to be derived from development and focuses not only on the big-ticket term growth, but also on those complementary activities that have immediate impact on poverty reduction at the community level. tes as a method In planning road networks under SARDP particular attention should be given to roads, bridges and underpasses with adequate design capacity considering transportation of heavy ODCs to power projects. Institutional change supporting economic enhancement and growth at a social level requires economic incentives, supported by political will. With India moving into a new era of economic opment of the region can be broadly based upon four vital components. The first component of this development plan should be social empowerment. It needs to empower rural communities, create sustainable institutions so that they manage common activities ound microfinance, livelihoods and natural resource management. The second component needs to be economic empowerment. The objective of this component should ideally be to develop the capacity of rural mic initiatives and common activities for the public. The third component will be partnership development. The objective of this component should be to partner with various service providers, resource institutions and public and private sector organizations to bring resources such as finance, technology, and marketing into the project so that the community groups are able to improve their livelihoods. The fourth and final component will be project management. This will facilitate ordination, learning and quality enhancement efforts in the project. his paper attempts to deliberate upon, a process could be set in motion that the economic resurgence of the home region as well as to the development of the rest of the country. It is vital that this process includes mechanisms for equitably ticket items that support term growth, but also on those complementary activities that have immediate impact on
  12. 12. References 1. Wikipedia- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Northeast_India 2. Strategies for Agricultural Research in the North East http://naasindia.org/Policy%20Papers/pp9.pdf 3. http://www.indiancag.org/manthan/ 4. www.pwc.in/en_IN/in/assets/pdfs/.../north-east_summit-2013.pdf 5. National projects report and energy &utilities book Presentation by:  Abhishek Ravada  Sindhu Alluri  Saini Anirudh  Pratulya Reddy  Bhargav Koppulu Thank You! 

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