Guideline for Extension Reforms in India and AEFC 130710


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Guideline for Extension Reforms in India and AEFC 130710

  1. 1. Guideline for Modified ‘Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms’ Scheme 2010 and Promoting Agriculture Enterprise Facilitation Centres (AEFCs) in India Jitesh Panda Vrutti Livelihoods Resource Centre 13th July 2010
  2. 2. In Black: Relates to Guideline for Modified ‘Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms’ Scheme 2010 In Blue: Relates to Agriculture Enterprise Facilitation Centre (AEFC) promoted by Vrutti – Related suggestions/feedback
  3. 3. AEFCs…. An Institutional mechanism for Agriculture Extension Services - Promoted by Vrutti Purpose – Contribute to Agriculture Extension Reforms in India Focus Profitability besides Productivity Farmer as Entrepreneur Farm as Enterprise
  4. 4. Background…. 1998- 2005: Extension reforms in India was pilot tested under World Bank led National Agriculture Technology Project (NATP) –Related to Technology; But current/future need relates to considering Agriculture as Enterprise 2005: Scheme for ‘Support to State Extension Programmes for Extension Reforms’ launched 2007: National Development Council (NDC) highlighted need for Extension Reform, including use of ICT – Rationale for promoting AEFC type Institution 2007: National Policy for Farmers (NPF) farmer-to-farmer learning by setting-up Farm Schools in the fields of selected farmers – Relates to involvement of Progressive Farmers as envisaged in AEFC
  5. 5. Broad Features…. Dedicated specialist and functionary support to take up training and extension initiatives at different levels – Relates to Multi Disciplinary Team at AEFC level Improvement in extension outreach right down to the village level is expected to be achieved through Farmer Friend – Relates to involvement of Progressive Farmers in AEFC
  6. 6. Objectives… Providing innovative, restructured and autonomous institutions at the state/district/ block level – AEFC viewed as Block level Autonomous Institution for delivery of Agriculture Extension services Encouraging multi-agency extension strategies involving Public/ Private Extension Service Providers – AEFC expected to serve as institutional mechanism for interface of different agencies associated with extension Ensuring an integrated, broad-based extension delivery mechanism consistent with farming system approach – “Broad based” may refer to extension services being “enterprise” driven than being “technology” driven; “Farming System” approach, “although desirable’ may not be relevant in current/future scenario
  7. 7. Objectives… Adopting group approach to extension in line with the identified needs and requirements of the farmers in the form of CIGs & FIGs Past efforts relating to CIGs and FIGs has yielded limited result; Important to work with Farmer than promoting groups; Interest Group may be promoted based on needs identified through detail value chain analysis Facilitating convergence of programmes in planning, execution and implementation Relates to need for convergence of agriculture, food processing and rural development related interventions
  8. 8. Objectives… Addressing gender concerns by mobilizing farm women into groups and providing training to them Would be good to work with existing SHGs than promoting new groups; Efforts related to “gender mainstreaming” may involve working with the household than mobilizing farm women in groups Moving towards sustainability of extension services through beneficiary contribution May be possible only to very limited extent May be possible by involving Value Chain Players Government need to financially support Agriculture Extension Services
  9. 9. Limited focus of Objectives on… Agriculture as Enterprise Working along the Value Chain Promoting Good Agriculture Practices (GAP) Preparing farmers to participate in Global Trade Systems Promoting Innovations in Agriculture Extension
  10. 10. Strategy at State level…. State Level Sanctioning Committee (SLSC) under RKVY as Apex Body State Extension Work Plan (SEWP) as part of State Agriculture Plan (SAP) under RKVY Inter Departmental Working Group (IDWG) – for day to day management of scheme Feedback from State Farmer Advisory Commitee State Nodal Cell with State Nodal Officer & State Coordinator
  11. 11. Strategy at District Level… ATMA as an autonomous institution set up at district level to ensure delivery of extension services to farmers ATMA to prepare Strategic Research and Extension Plan (SREP) ATMA to be guided by District Farmers Advisory Committee Dedicated Staff at ATMA
  12. 12. Strategy at Block Level… Block Technology Team (BTT) – A team comprising officers of agriculture and all line departments within the block Block Farmers Advisory Committee (BFAC) consisting of farmers of the block to provide feedback BFAC to be constituted from FIGs/Farmer Organizations on rotation basis BFAC and BTT to work jointly Block Technology Manager to work according to Block Action Plan (BAP) Focus on Technology not Enterprise Limited independence & autonomy at block level
  13. 13. Strategy at Village Level… The Farmer Friend (FF) to serve as a vital link between extension system and farmers at village level (one for every two villages) – Need for Farmer Friend in every village Need for two farmer friends in each village to reach out to farmers and farm women Agri- entrepreneurs to supplement the efforts of extension functionaries Village level Agri enterpreneurs could be Farmer Friend; Value Chain Players could be integral part of ATMA Cell at block level Farm Schools - to serve as a mechanism for farmer-farmer extension at 3 to 5 focal points in every Block Need for more number of Farm Schools Farm Schools could be technology and also profitability focused
  14. 14. Institutional Structure at Block level….
  15. 15. Suggestions… Value Chain Agri Enterpreneurs need to be involved in management at Block ATMA Cell Agri Enterpreneurs at Village level may be involved as Farmers Freind Need for focus on Value Chain Block level institution need to be autonomous Farmer Interest Group (FIG) and Farmer Organization may be promoted linked to gaps/opportunities in the Value Chain Block level ATMA Cell can function as AEFC
  16. 16. Involvement of Specialists… Block Technology Manager and two Subject Matter Specialists (SMS) per Block Can be recruited on deputation, from private market, on contractual basis Two Subject Matter Specialists Agriculture Agriculture Allied Need for additional SMS from Management background Successful Enterpreneurs may be involved as SMS
  17. 17. Farmer Friend… Identify and groom Progressive Farmers to act as focal points at village level Village based Agriculture Entrepreneur may be involved Need for Value Chain focused Farmer Friend Besides generic agriculture extension focused Farmer Friends One FF per two census inhabited villages; Preference for Farm Women as FF Need for exclusive FF for Farm Women Need for two FF in a village Farmer Friend to be engaged by BTM on a resolution of Gram Panchayat (GP), which will, in turn, consult FIGs working in the Panchayat area GP may appoint FF on resolution of Palli Sabha
  18. 18. Role of Farmer Friends… To activate Village-based, bottom-up planning process Serve as vital link, between extension system and farmers at village level Can facilitate strengthening of Value Chain To lead by example Expected to have up-graded skills To be available in the village to advise on agriculture and allied activities
  19. 19. Farmer Friends… Not to be paid any cash-compensation Proposed to provide them with a special opportunity for up-gradation of skills through trainings, study tours and visits to SAUs / other institutes Rs. 4,000 per Farmer Friend per year will be used to meet contingency expenditure – equally shared by Central and State Government FF may be provided cash incentives and/or honorarium
  20. 20. Activities… Farmer Oriented Activities Development of SREP Mobilization of farmer groups Training/ exposure visit of farmers Arranging demonstrations Focus of Farmer Oriented Activities: Empowering Farmers Improving Farmer’s participation in technology dissemination process Need focus on Enterprise besides Technology
  21. 21. Activities… Farm Information Dissemination Local level agricultural exhibitions Information dissemination through Printed materials and Development of technology packages in electronic form Could be Demand led and/or market led
  22. 22. Activities… Research-Extension-Farmer (R-E-F) linkages Organization of Farmer-Scientist Interaction at local level Organization of Field-days Organization of Kisan Goshties Support for local level researchable issues which emanate from SREP. Could be Enterprise Focused
  23. 23. Other Activities… Promoting Farm School as vital link between the progressive /achiever farmers and others in a village Formation of Commodity Interest Groups and their federation at Block and district level May be affect and/or get influenced by the value chain/market; May not be successful in all value chains Involvement of Agri Clinics and Agri Business Centres as Volunteer Specialists May be involved as integral part of the institutional mechanism Support setting up of Community Radio Stations (CRSs) In due course AEFCs may promote CRS
  24. 24. Convergence… Convergence of Manpower Extension related workers & consultants under other schemes/programmes to serve as multifunctional extension workers as assigned to them by the BTT/ATMA. Budget for extension related components in different schemes and programmes to be dovetailed at district level through ATMA Would facilitate functioning of AEFC Convergence with Research System State Agriculture Universities (SAUs) and Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVKs) to be involved SERP, Extension Work Plans and Block Action Plan Provide technical advise to BTT Would facilitate functioning of AEFC
  25. 25. Convergence… Convergence with Development Departments Thrust on RKVY Need for convergence with Rural Development Schemes Need for more involvement of PRIs Convergence with & Involvement of Non-Governmental Sector Encouraging Public Private partnership (PPP) – Would facilitate formation of AEFCs NGOs eligible collect service charge from farmers – Would contribute to financial sustainability of AEFC Extension Work Plan involving Non Governmental Organizations may be prepared at the State level and approved by SLSC/ IDWG, without having to obtain recommendation of the BTT/ FAC and approval of ATMA, GB concerned; Funds to be released at State level Would strongly facilitate promotion of AEFCs
  26. 26. Monitoring & Evaluation… National Level - By Monitoring Committee & Policy Committee State level - By IDWG District Monthly & Quarterly Report – Through Web based Interface Third party monitoring of the Scheme has to be got done annually Concurrent Monitoring by Central Institutes Impact Assessment by Expert Agencies Impact Assessment & Third Party Monitoring by External Agencies may be done at District/Block level
  27. 27. Overall Suggestions… Extension Reform activities may overall focus on “Enterprise” THAN JUST ON “Technology” Potential to promote AEFCs under Extension Work Plan Support to NGOs at State Level Block ATMA Cell could function/evolve as autonomous AEFC by Involving Value Chain Players – Successful Agriculture Entrepreneurs in management of Block ATMA Cell Registering as a Not for Profit Entity Being anchored by a NGO with experience in agriculture extension Have Farmer Friends (Both Male & Female) linked to each village and/or Value Chains Could be incentivized and provided with honorarium Involve Progressive Farmers and Entrepreneurs as Farmer’s Friends
  28. 28. Thank you