debsoc22

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debsoc22

  1. 1. TEAM MEMBERS 1.JATIN MONGA 2.KARTIKEY GOEL 3.JAI MONGA 4.MANUTSAV SOROT 5.KSHITI JINDAL
  2. 2. DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAYS MODERNIZATION OF AGRICULTURE DEVELOPMENT OF SOCIAL AND PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE INFLUX PROPER UTILIZATION OF WIND AND WATER ENERGY BORDER TRADE
  3. 3. VERY LOW DENSITY OF RAILWAY ROUTES IN NORTH EASTERN REGION. PROBLEM IN TRANSPORTATION OF PERISHABLE COMMODITIES FROM ONE REGION TO ANOTHER. DUE TO LACK OF CONNECTIVITY TOURISM IS BADLY AFFECTED ONLY .004% OF TOTAL EXPORT TAKES PLACE FROM THE NORTH EASTERN REGION EVEN AFTER BEING SURROUNDED BY 5 COUNTRIES DUE TO LACK OF TRANSPORT FACILITIES. ROUTE (kilometers) arunachal pradesh assam manipur meghalaya
  4. 4. FOR EXPANSION OF RAILWAY LINES IN NORTH EAST INDIA FUNDS ARE REQUIRED IN HUGE AMOUNT SO THE SYSTEM OF TURNKEY PROJECTS SHOULD BE IMPLIED SO THAT DEVELOPMENT CAN TAKE PLACE AT A RAPID PACE WITHOUT ANY BURDEN ON THE INDIAN GOVERNMENT FOR TURNKEY PROJECTS SOUTH KOREA WILL BE THE BEST OPTION AS THEY HAVE BEEN ABLE TO DEVELOP ONE OF THE BEST RAILWAY LINES IN HILLY AREAS ON DEVELOPMENT OF RAILWAYS THERE WILL BE INCREASE IN THE EXPORTS AS IT WOULD BE EASIER EVEN FOR NORTH EAST REGIONS IT WOULD BE EASIER FOR PEOPLE TO TRAVEL WHICH CAN RESULT IN EXCHANGE OF CULTURES AND UPBRINGING OF THE NER REGIONS SINCE RAILWAYS IS THE LARGEST SECTOR WHICH PROVIDES EMPLOYMENT TO PEOPLE SO THIS WILL RESULT IN MORE EMPLOYMENT
  5. 5. THE POOR IN NORTH EAST ARE NOT ABLE TO FIND JOBS BECAUSE BANGLADESHI IMMIGRANTS ARE READY TO TAKE JOBS AT SUCH LOW RATES THAT ARE NOT FEASABLE FOR THE NORTH EASTERN PEOPLE GOVERNMENT POLICIES SUCH AS MGNREGAAND NRHM ARE BEING AVAILED BY ILLEGAL IMMIGRANTS AND THE LOCAL PEOPLE ARE DEPRIVED OF SUCH POLICIES A COMMITTEE SHOULD BE SET UP IN COORDINATION WITH THE GRAM PANCHAYATS AND MUNICIPAL CORPORATIONS IN CITIES WHICH CONDUCTS A REGULAR POPULATION CHECKS SO AS TO KEEP ILLEGAL IMMEGRATION UNDER CHECK.
  6. 6. Agriculture provides livelihood to 70% of the region's population. In Mizoram, around 51% of the population lives in rural areas and is dependent on agriculture. The figure in Sikkim is high at 89%. However, the pattern of agricultural growth has remained uneven across regions. The states continue to be net importers of food grains even for their own consumption.
  7. 7. With the emergence of globalization, economic integration among nations has become a necessity. Cross- border trade is the most important medium of the current wave of globalization. In this process, knowingly or unknowingly the north east economy has emerged in to a new dimension of cross-border trade (informal trade) with neighboring nations and that increases social welfare of the poor masses of the region. Under the “Look East” policy, India seeks economic cooperation with ASEAN and other neighboring countries through the gateway of the region SOLUTION ON DEVELOPMENT OF PHYSICAL INFRASTRUCTURE BORDER TRADE CAN BE INCREASED AS ON INCREASE OF RAILWAYS AND IMPROVEMENT OF ROADWAYS MANY PERISHABLE GOODS COULD BE TRANSFERRED WHICH COULD INCREASE THE BORDER TRADE. FROM THE ABOVE DATA IT CAN BE NOTICED THAT THE AGRICULTURAL SECTOR IN NORTH EAST REGIONS IS NOT DEVELOPED DUE TO WHICH EFFICIEND PRODUCTION IS NOT CARRIED OUT. SO FOR EFFICIENT PRODUCTION HVY SEEDS SHOULD BE USED.GOOD MACHINERY WITH LATEST TECHNOLOGY SHOULD BE USED.
  8. 8. As per the 2001 census, the annual per capita income of NER is 6,625 INR against the rest of India average of 10,254 INR. Nearly 34.28% of the population is below poverty line as compared to the national average of 26.1%. However, the NER is a highly literate region. Except for Arunachal Pradesh, all the other states have literacy rates about or above national average of 64.8% which provides a good pool of educated human resources in the region. All the eight states have different developmental prospects and resources to support their efforts in contributing to the regional as well as national economy. A critical appraisal of the key economic indicators along with a detailed sketch of the individual strengths of the seven states is necessary to achieve a holistic framework to target growth in the region. The region’s average literacy rate stands at 79.64% vs. the national average of 74.04% according to the 2011 census. According to the above data the people living in north eastern regions are very literate,also there is 0% juvenile crime in these states which tells that people there have a very positive aspect and have a positive outlook towards work. So this must be utilized in the most productive and mutually beneficial manner. This can be done by creating job opportunities there in the north eastern regions solution
  9. 9. Road is an important mode of travel in the hilly areas as other mode of travel is either too expensive or difficult. The road infrastructure is relatively deficient in the NER although the region’s road density per capita is significantly higher as compared to the rest of the country. Given the low density of population and the hilly terrain of the region this is an expected outcome. The road length per unit area is higher only in Nagaland, Assam, and Tripura. solution On improving the road infrastructure, exports as well as tourism will increase as it would be easier to travel to north eastern regions. On increasing industrialization the abundant natural resources can be utilized efficiently and employment opportunities for both skilled and unskilled labour will increase in the region. solution
  10. 10. The region is endowed with perennial rivers and water bodies, therefore, it has a huge hydroelectricity potential. This potential, if tapped well, can be used to export power to other regions of the country. The spill- over benefits will be the development of infrastructure such as roads, communications, and electricity supply to remote hilly areas, resulting in better quality of life. States such as Arunachal Pradesh, Sikkim and Meghalaya have huge potential in hydropower generation.
  11. 11. Institutional change supporting economic enhancement and growth at a social level requires economic incentives, supported by political will. With India moving into a new era of economic liberation, the region should not be left out. The framework for development of the region can be broadly based upon four vital components. The first component of this development plan should be social empowerment. It needs to empower rural communities, create sustainable institutions so that they manage common activities around microfinance, livelihoods and natural resource management. The second component needs to be economic empowerment. The objective of this component should ideally be to develop the capacity of rural communities to plan and manage funds for various economic initiatives and common activities for the public. The third component will be partnership development. The objective of this component should be to partner with various service providers, resource institutions and public and private sector organizations to bring resources such as finance, technology, and marketing into the project so that the community groups are able to improve their livelihoods. The fourth and final component will be project management. This will facilitate various governance, implementation, co-ordination, learning and quality enhancement efforts in the project. Thus, with some of the changes that this presentation attempts to deliberate upon, a process could be set in motion that could support the north east in its endeavor to contribute to the economic resurgence of the home region as well as to the development of the rest of the country. It is vital that this process includes mechanisms for equitably sharing the benefits to be derived from development and focuses not only on the big-ticket items that support broad-based, long-term growth, but also on those complementary activities that have immediate impact on poverty reduction at the community level.
  12. 12. Re-defining Higher Education in the East, a PwC report Agriculture and Rural Development in North-Eastern India: The Role of NABARD,K.G Karmakar, ASCI Journal of Management 37(2): 89–108 http://db.nedfi.com/ Agriculture and Rural Development in North-Eastern India: The Role of NABARD,K.G Karmakar, ASCI Journal of Management 37(2): 89–108 Indian Brand Equity Foundation (IBEF), www.ibef.com http://www.ncap.res.in/upload_files/workshop/wsp10/html/chapter3.htm http://agricoop.nic.in/SIA111213312.pdf ( Department of agriculture and cooperation, INM division) Annual Report 2009, Central Electricity Authority Annual Report 2010-11, CEA 3rd North East and East Power Summit 2010, PwC-ICC

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