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Final v3.0

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Maroof Raza’s presentation

Maroof Raza’s presentation

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  • 1. Indian Homeland (internal) Security
    Risks and Opportunities
    Maroof Raza
    Mentor, Security Watch India
  • 2. Context
    Despite stable governance and growing economy, it saw more than 1883 terror-related deaths in 2010, making it one of the ten-most terrorism affected countries in the world.
    And yet the infrastructure falls short of its mandate- protecting 1.2 billion people of India
    However, the expenditure on Homeland Security is 0.95% of the Indian GDP. While this year government expects to spend close to US$16.89 billion on HLS, it still has long way to go.
    India has number of Homeland (internal) Security personnel (2.7 million) approximately equal to the number of active military troops of US, UK, Germany and France combined.
  • 3. Indian Homeland (internal) Security Scenario
    Kashmir Insurgency along with cross-border terrorism.
    CHINA
    NEPAL
    Delhi
    PAKISTAN
    Multiple secessionist movements in Northeast
    Mumbai
    Another significant threat is to major cities, the economic hubs of the country
    Growing threat of Maoist insurgency, now infested in more than seven states of India
    Bangalore
    Chennai
    SRI LANKA
  • 4. India’s current focus areas
    • Border Protection
    • 5. Intensive patrolling
    • 6. Large-scale combing ops
    • 7. Gaining international cooperation
    • 8. Arrests
    • 9. Political concessions
    Kashmir
    Northeast
    Insurgency
    • Border Security
    • 10. Law & Order maintenance
    • 11. Intelligence gathering
    • 12. Raids
    Urban Centers
    Maoist
    Threat
    • Intelligence gathering
    • 13. Active Interception
    • 14. Emergency Response preparedness
    • 15. Investigations and forensic follow-throughs
    • 16. Major events and critical infrastructure security
    • 17. Area Domination
    • 18. Focused development
    • 19. Denial of resources to the insurgents
    • 20. Intensive patrolling
    • 21. Critical infrastructure security
    Urban Centers
  • 22. Threat Scenarios
    Low publicity
    High publicity
    Low damage
    High damage
  • 23. Threats, Challenges & Needs
  • 24. HLS structure in India
    Central level (ops.)
    State level
    Central level
    Special forces (Force One, Greyhounds)
    State Paramilitaries & Home Guards
    Border & Coastal Security (in specific parts of the country)
    Ministry of Defence
  • 25. Global Homeland Security Expenditure
  • 26.
  • 27. Biggest Spenders (States)
    Modernization (ranked)
    Training (ranked)
    Uttar Pradesh
    Andhra Pradesh
    Jammu & Kashmir
    Delhi
    Karnataka
    Assam
    Tamil Nadu
    Haryana
    Jharkhand
    Chhattisgarh
    Delhi
    Uttar Pradesh
    Andhra Pradesh
    Madhya Pradesh
    Maharashtra
    Jammu & Kashmir
    Punjab
    Rajsthan
    Assam
    Haryana
  • 28. Major Growth Areas-1
    Mass Transit Systems:
    Indian Railways
    Civil Aviation
    One of the largest networks (64,000 km) in the world, Indian Railways suffers from sabotage incidents averaging about ten every month.
    India has 128 airports including 14 international and 81 domestic flying more than 24 million passengers a year. Securing airports is of critical importance.
    Intra-city transit
    Maritime
    Delhi Metro handles 1.6 million passengers a day. Similar systems are now coming up in all metropolitans in India.
    12 Major Ports and 187 other ports in India handle close to 800 million tonnes of cargo every year and growing at the rate of 2.5%
  • 29. Major Growth Areas-2
    Force Modernization:
    Weapons & Equipment
    Mobility
    Both Central and State police forces require modern and sophisticated weapons for combating increasingly well-armed insurgents.
    Forces require new vehicles allowing their mobility in air, land and sea. Varied terrain all across India needs a variety of transportation solutions.
    Electronic Surveillance
    CBRNe Protection
    Signal intercepts and electronic intelligence has become mainstay of security forces to predict and deter terrorist attacks.
    Growing threat of NBC attack from the terror groups has led government to expand its CBRNe Protection program and acquire variety of protection gear.
  • 30. Major Growth Areas-3
    Private Security:
    Security Personnel
    Critical Infrastructure
    India is world’s largest market for this, with 8 million security guards. Supplying specialized security and training personnel is a major growth area.
    Protecting critical infrastructure assets, especially the ones in insurgency-affected areas has become the highest priority for the Indian industry.
    Risk Analysis
    Electronic Monitoring
    Analyzing vulnerability of operations, supply chains and physical premises has a huge potential among growing companies of India.
    Electronic monitoring, especially CCTV surveillance has shown tremendous growth in India, projected to be more than US$ 700 million market by 2013.
  • 31. Opportunities in the Indian Market
    • Increased Threat Perception and Threat Domain
    • 32. Growing economy and greater purchasing capability
    • 33. Recent opening of procurement process means a vacuum of suppliers
    • 34. Multiplicity of Customers (10 Central + 28 State + Numerous customers in Private Industry)
    • 35. Emerging Indian companies to build strong alliances with
    • 36. Innovation is valued
  • For more information contact us at:
    info@securitywatchindia.org.in
    www.securitywatchindia.org.in