Indian Homeland (internal) Security Risks and Opportunities Maroof Raza Mentor, Security Watch India
Context Despite stable governance and growing economy, it saw more than 1883 terror-related deaths in 2010, making it one of the ten-most terrorism affected countries in the world. And yet the infrastructure falls short of its mandate- protecting 1.2 billion people of India However, the expenditure on Homeland Security is 0.95% of the Indian GDP. While this year government expects to spend close to US$16.89 billion on HLS, it still has long way to go. India has number of Homeland (internal) Security personnel (2.7 million) approximately equal to the number of active military troops of US, UK, Germany and France combined.
Indian Homeland (internal) Security Scenario Kashmir Insurgency along with cross-border terrorism. CHINA NEPAL Delhi PAKISTAN Multiple secessionist movements in Northeast Mumbai Another significant threat is to major cities, the economic hubs of the country Growing threat of Maoist insurgency, now infested in more than seven states of India Bangalore Chennai SRI LANKA
HLS structure in India Central level (ops.) State level Central level Special forces (Force One, Greyhounds) State Paramilitaries & Home Guards Border & Coastal Security (in specific parts of the country) Ministry of Defence
Major Growth Areas-1 Mass Transit Systems: Indian Railways Civil Aviation One of the largest networks (64,000 km) in the world, Indian Railways suffers from sabotage incidents averaging about ten every month. India has 128 airports including 14 international and 81 domestic flying more than 24 million passengers a year. Securing airports is of critical importance. Intra-city transit Maritime Delhi Metro handles 1.6 million passengers a day. Similar systems are now coming up in all metropolitans in India. 12 Major Ports and 187 other ports in India handle close to 800 million tonnes of cargo every year and growing at the rate of 2.5%
Major Growth Areas-2 Force Modernization: Weapons & Equipment Mobility Both Central and State police forces require modern and sophisticated weapons for combating increasingly well-armed insurgents. Forces require new vehicles allowing their mobility in air, land and sea. Varied terrain all across India needs a variety of transportation solutions. Electronic Surveillance CBRNe Protection Signal intercepts and electronic intelligence has become mainstay of security forces to predict and deter terrorist attacks. Growing threat of NBC attack from the terror groups has led government to expand its CBRNe Protection program and acquire variety of protection gear.
Major Growth Areas-3 Private Security: Security Personnel Critical Infrastructure India is world’s largest market for this, with 8 million security guards. Supplying specialized security and training personnel is a major growth area. Protecting critical infrastructure assets, especially the ones in insurgency-affected areas has become the highest priority for the Indian industry. Risk Analysis Electronic Monitoring Analyzing vulnerability of operations, supply chains and physical premises has a huge potential among growing companies of India. Electronic monitoring, especially CCTV surveillance has shown tremendous growth in India, projected to be more than US$ 700 million market by 2013.