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Final v3.0
 

Final v3.0

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Maroof Raza’s presentation

Maroof Raza’s presentation

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    Final v3.0 Final v3.0 Presentation Transcript

    • Indian Homeland (internal) Security
      Risks and Opportunities
      Maroof Raza
      Mentor, Security Watch India
    • Context
      Despite stable governance and growing economy, it saw more than 1883 terror-related deaths in 2010, making it one of the ten-most terrorism affected countries in the world.
      And yet the infrastructure falls short of its mandate- protecting 1.2 billion people of India
      However, the expenditure on Homeland Security is 0.95% of the Indian GDP. While this year government expects to spend close to US$16.89 billion on HLS, it still has long way to go.
      India has number of Homeland (internal) Security personnel (2.7 million) approximately equal to the number of active military troops of US, UK, Germany and France combined.
    • Indian Homeland (internal) Security Scenario
      Kashmir Insurgency along with cross-border terrorism.
      CHINA
      NEPAL
      Delhi
      PAKISTAN
      Multiple secessionist movements in Northeast
      Mumbai
      Another significant threat is to major cities, the economic hubs of the country
      Growing threat of Maoist insurgency, now infested in more than seven states of India
      Bangalore
      Chennai
      SRI LANKA
    • India’s current focus areas
      • Border Protection
      • Intensive patrolling
      • Large-scale combing ops
      • Gaining international cooperation
      • Arrests
      • Political concessions
      Kashmir
      Northeast
      Insurgency
      • Border Security
      • Law & Order maintenance
      • Intelligence gathering
      • Raids
      Urban Centers
      Maoist
      Threat
      • Intelligence gathering
      • Active Interception
      • Emergency Response preparedness
      • Investigations and forensic follow-throughs
      • Major events and critical infrastructure security
      • Area Domination
      • Focused development
      • Denial of resources to the insurgents
      • Intensive patrolling
      • Critical infrastructure security
      Urban Centers
    • Threat Scenarios
      Low publicity
      High publicity
      Low damage
      High damage
    • Threats, Challenges & Needs
    • HLS structure in India
      Central level (ops.)
      State level
      Central level
      Special forces (Force One, Greyhounds)
      State Paramilitaries & Home Guards
      Border & Coastal Security (in specific parts of the country)
      Ministry of Defence
    • Global Homeland Security Expenditure
    • Biggest Spenders (States)
      Modernization (ranked)
      Training (ranked)
      Uttar Pradesh
      Andhra Pradesh
      Jammu & Kashmir
      Delhi
      Karnataka
      Assam
      Tamil Nadu
      Haryana
      Jharkhand
      Chhattisgarh
      Delhi
      Uttar Pradesh
      Andhra Pradesh
      Madhya Pradesh
      Maharashtra
      Jammu & Kashmir
      Punjab
      Rajsthan
      Assam
      Haryana
    • Major Growth Areas-1
      Mass Transit Systems:
      Indian Railways
      Civil Aviation
      One of the largest networks (64,000 km) in the world, Indian Railways suffers from sabotage incidents averaging about ten every month.
      India has 128 airports including 14 international and 81 domestic flying more than 24 million passengers a year. Securing airports is of critical importance.
      Intra-city transit
      Maritime
      Delhi Metro handles 1.6 million passengers a day. Similar systems are now coming up in all metropolitans in India.
      12 Major Ports and 187 other ports in India handle close to 800 million tonnes of cargo every year and growing at the rate of 2.5%
    • Major Growth Areas-2
      Force Modernization:
      Weapons & Equipment
      Mobility
      Both Central and State police forces require modern and sophisticated weapons for combating increasingly well-armed insurgents.
      Forces require new vehicles allowing their mobility in air, land and sea. Varied terrain all across India needs a variety of transportation solutions.
      Electronic Surveillance
      CBRNe Protection
      Signal intercepts and electronic intelligence has become mainstay of security forces to predict and deter terrorist attacks.
      Growing threat of NBC attack from the terror groups has led government to expand its CBRNe Protection program and acquire variety of protection gear.
    • Major Growth Areas-3
      Private Security:
      Security Personnel
      Critical Infrastructure
      India is world’s largest market for this, with 8 million security guards. Supplying specialized security and training personnel is a major growth area.
      Protecting critical infrastructure assets, especially the ones in insurgency-affected areas has become the highest priority for the Indian industry.
      Risk Analysis
      Electronic Monitoring
      Analyzing vulnerability of operations, supply chains and physical premises has a huge potential among growing companies of India.
      Electronic monitoring, especially CCTV surveillance has shown tremendous growth in India, projected to be more than US$ 700 million market by 2013.
    • Opportunities in the Indian Market
      • Increased Threat Perception and Threat Domain
      • Growing economy and greater purchasing capability
      • Recent opening of procurement process means a vacuum of suppliers
      • Multiplicity of Customers (10 Central + 28 State + Numerous customers in Private Industry)
      • Emerging Indian companies to build strong alliances with
      • Innovation is valued
    • For more information contact us at:
      info@securitywatchindia.org.in
      www.securitywatchindia.org.in