* Gender Differences in Research Collaboration
* Gender Diversity and Team Productivity/Performance
* Gender Differences in Expertise Recognition and Evaluation of Performance
* Collaboration Strategies and Networks
1. Holly J. Falk-Krzesinski, PhD
Vice President, Global Academic & Research Relations
GENDER & TEAM SCIENCE:
Evidence-based Guidance for
Practice and Policy
Gender Summit 4 - Europe 2014
Plenary Session – Maximising Capacity of Science Human Capital and Knowledge Communities
June 30, 2014
"Team research, especially interdisciplinary research,
is characterized by synergies among experts that
can transform both scholars and scholarship“
– John Cacioppo, PhD, the Tiffany and Margaret Blake Distinguished
Service Professor in Psychology, The University of Chicago, from the
Arete Initiative website http://arete.uchicago.edu/ (2010)
Collaboration, Networking and Teams
Connecting researchers and resources in pursuit of large
Compiled a 1K+ reference Team Science resource library (and
have read most of the abstracts in it!)
Published primary research findings that inform effective
collaboration, especially for science teams
Developed and taught one of the very first-ever Team Science
graduate courses, co-developed an online Team Science course
Chaired the Science of Team Science Conference for 3 years
Paid team science consultant for almost two dozen US
Both interdisciplinary research and collaboration in
science are on the rise
Team Science produces more highly impactful
Despite decades of efforts, disparity persists between
participation of men and women in science
H2020 includes an explicit objective: “Gender balance
in research teams.”
Small body of research literature on gender and team
Paucity of the application of the research to policy
Gender Differences in Research
Gender Diversity and Team
Gender Differences in Expertise
Recognition and Evaluation of
Collaboration Strategies and Networks
Mendeley SciTS Group
Groups of Documents
• Abramo, G., D’Angelo, C.A., and Murgia, G. (2013). Gender differences in research collaboration. J.
Informetr. 7, 811–822.
• Baugh, S.G., and Graen, G.B. (1997). Effects of Team Gender and Racial Composition on Perceptions of
Team Performance in Cross-Functional Teams. Gr. Organ. Manag. 22, 366–383.
• Bear, J.B., and Woolley, A.W. (2011). The role of gender in team collaboration and performance.
Interdiscip. Sci. Rev. 36, 146–153.
• Campbell, L.G., Mehtani, S., Dozier, M.E., and Rinehart, J. (2013). Gender-heterogeneous working groups
produce higher quality science. PLoS One 8, e79147.
• Haynes, M.C., and Heilman, M.E. (2013). It Had to Be You (Not Me)!: Women’s Attributional
Rationalization of Their Contribution to Successful Joint Work Outcomes. Personal. Soc. Psychol. Bull.
• Joshi, A. (2011). Role Models, Black Sheep, or Queen Bees?: The Effects of Women’s Incongruent
Status on Expertise Recognition in Groups (Champaign, IL: University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign).
• Joshi, A., and Boppart, S. (2010). Report of the “Success in Research Labs” Study (Urbana, IL:
University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign).
• Kegen, N. V. (2013). Science Networks in Cutting-edge Research Institutions: Gender Homophily and
Embeddedness in Formal and Informal Networks. Procedia - Soc. Behav. Sci. 79, 62–81.
• Kyvik, S., and Teigen, M. (1996). Child Care, Research Collaboration, and Gender Differences in
Scientific Productivity. Sci. Technol. Human Values 21, 54–71.
• Rey, C.M. (2008). Team Science and the Diversity Advantage. Sci. Careers.
• Rhoten, D., and Pfirman, S. (2007). Women in interdisciplinary science: Exploring preferences and
consequences. Res. Policy 36, 56–75.
• Woolley, A.W., Chabris, C.F., Pentland, A., Hashmi, N., and Malone, T.W. (2010). Evidence for a collective
intelligence factor in the performance of human groups. Science (80-. ). 330, 686–688.
Gender differences in research collaboration
Real or Perceived Gender Differences in
Bibliometric approach to examine gender
differences in the propensity to
collaborate by fields, disciplines, and
forms of collaboration
Experiences that stretch a person may
foster the ability to work in teams
Gender diversity and team productivity/performance
Gender differences in scientific
productivity (scientific publishing) and
lack of research collaboration
Gender heterogeneity on teams and
relationship to higher quality output
Gender diversity has a positive effect on
team processes and performance
Expertise recognition and evaluation of performance
Differential expertise recognition of
individuals in groups by gender
Role of gender in recognizing expertise
and contribution to a team
Gender composition of teams impacts
performance evaluation (team
Recognition of women’s contribution to
Collaboration strategies and networks
Gender as a predictor of network
Gender differences in network reach
Gender, network, connectedness, and
Research networking tools help uncover
Visualize Your Own Network
Women in STEM Experts Portal
This is a public portal; no subscription or login is required to access the site and browse the
profiled researchers at the four institutions. The site’s semantic service of its data is available
through the Semantic Web Portal.
IN THE END
“Whatever women do they must do twice as
well as men to be thought half as good.
Luckily, this is not difficult.”
– Charlotte Whitton, Canadian feminist and mayor of Ottawa
BUT IT IS MORE DIFFICULT…
Translate Empirical Evidence Into Policy
Commitment for change because research
indicates that it leads to better science
More research to identify problems and potential
Research for intervention development and
Forums for sharing information and effective
The Science of Team Science (SciTS) listserv facilitates conversation
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Science of Team Science Conference
Team Science Toolkit
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