Prof. Dr. Bettina Burger-Menzel  Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences  perspectives on open source for technological...
agenda <ul><li>ICT (TICs) as a precondition for economic growth and the role of open-source software (OSS) </li></ul><ul><...
<ul><li>ICTs (TICs) as a precondition for economic growth  </li></ul><ul><li>and the role of open sourcing (OS) </li></ul>...
ICTs (TICs) drive economic growth Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz  17.05.2011 Carlota P...
Mapping global GDP (in bio. US$, 2001) USA 9900 Germany 1948 Japan 4574 Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Kenia Marocco, Nigeria, So...
UIS 2009 Mapping GDP corresponds mapping R&D investment as % of GDP
open source software as part of ICTs (KICs) Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz  17.05.2011...
the relevance of open source for technological catch-up Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz...
the relevance of open source for technological catch-up (2) Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La...
the relevance of open source for technological catch-up (3) Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La...
<ul><li>ICT (TICs) and government: What should / could the state do within its national innovation system? </li></ul>Burge...
Burger-Menzel/ Cabero Tapia (2007) based on Kim (2000) government is important for how a country catches up while benefitt...
government and ICT including OSS: … in more detail Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz  17....
<ul><li>conclusion </li></ul>Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz  17.05.2011 Red nacional d...
macro micro motivational factors for innovative behaviour psychology of societies social acceptance (norms, rules, customs...
Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz  17.05.2011 Carlota Perez (2008): “For Latin America to...
gracías por Su atención Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz  17.05.2011
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Perspectives on open source for technological catch-up processes in industrializing countries

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Perspectives on open source for technological catch-up processes in industrializing countries

  1. 1. Prof. Dr. Bettina Burger-Menzel Brandenburg University of Applied Sciences perspectives on open source for technological catch-up processes in industrializing countries Simposio “Desarrollo y perspectivas de la sociedad de la información y internet en Bolivia” La Paz / May 17, 2011 with support of the German Academic Exchange Service (DAAD)
  2. 2. agenda <ul><li>ICT (TICs) as a precondition for economic growth and the role of open-source software (OSS) </li></ul><ul><li>ICT (TICs) and government: What should / could the state do within its national innovation system? </li></ul><ul><li>conclusion </li></ul>Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011
  3. 3. <ul><li>ICTs (TICs) as a precondition for economic growth </li></ul><ul><li>and the role of open sourcing (OS) </li></ul>Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011
  4. 4. ICTs (TICs) drive economic growth Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011 Carlota Perez (2008): “The Asian region quickly understood the importance of ICT and the trend towards global markets … and [is now] far ahead in its accumulation of knowledge and experience in technology, production, management and trade”. GDP 1990 GDP 2010 directly: ICT business itself indirectly: productivity increases in other sectors
  5. 5. Mapping global GDP (in bio. US$, 2001) USA 9900 Germany 1948 Japan 4574 Africa (Algeria, Egypt, Kenia Marocco, Nigeria, South Africa) 255 Latin America (Argentina, Bolivia, Brasil, Chile, Colombia, Ecuador, Uruguay, Venezuela) 1176 Mexico 550 Great Britain 1451 China 1131 Russia 253 India 474 France 1377 Australia 383 Canada 661 South Korea 447 Comp. DIE ZEIT, 27.3.2003 Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011
  6. 6. UIS 2009 Mapping GDP corresponds mapping R&D investment as % of GDP
  7. 7. open source software as part of ICTs (KICs) Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011 OS software - open knowledge and anyone can learn, adapt create and distribute it - is based on voluntary cooperation of software developers in many different locations with a shared ‘culture’
  8. 8. the relevance of open source for technological catch-up Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011 direct effect on economy : - OSS business model itself - hybrid business model (OSS as component; mainly outsourcing)
  9. 9. the relevance of open source for technological catch-up (2) Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011 <ul><li>indirect effect </li></ul><ul><li>OSS contributes to a country‘s development by means of </li></ul><ul><li>education </li></ul><ul><li>learning </li></ul><ul><li>problem-solving </li></ul><ul><li>business ideas </li></ul><ul><li>… </li></ul>Rank Motive to go on with developing and/or distributing OS 1 to learn and develop new skills 2 to share my knowledge and skills 3 to improve OS products of other developers 4 because I think that software should not be proprietary products 5 to participate in a new form of cooperation 6 to participate in the OS scene 7 to improve my job opportunities 8 to solve a problem that could not be done by proprietary software 9 to limit the power of large software product 10 to get help in realizing a good idea for a software product 11 to make money 12 to get a reputation in the OS developers scene 13 to distribute not marketable software
  10. 10. the relevance of open source for technological catch-up (3) Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011 direct and indirect effect OSS especially relevant in country with dominance of small- and medium-sized companies with scarce ressources Flexibility and Stability Saving Costs Independence Community Support (Grassmuck, 2002, p. 340) OSS in SMEs Improvement ICT Firm performance (UNU-MERIT, 2006, p. 92) Skills Improment Life-long-learning (UNU-MERIT, 2006, p. 46)
  11. 11. <ul><li>ICT (TICs) and government: What should / could the state do within its national innovation system? </li></ul>Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011
  12. 12. Burger-Menzel/ Cabero Tapia (2007) based on Kim (2000) government is important for how a country catches up while benefitting from ICTs (KICs) e.g. education, research, market regulation, public procurement, e-government … Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011
  13. 13. government and ICT including OSS: … in more detail Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011 requirements Dalum/ Johnson/ Lundvall 2010 examples Low 2002; Burger-Menzel/ Cabero Tapia 2007; Burger-Menzel/ Assadi 2010 means to learn, adapt and create education and training in ICT and OSS incentive to learn, adapt and create reduction of regulatory and legal barriers to apply OS ; investment incentives capability to learn, adapt and create flexible access to a broad variety of services with compatibility, accessibility, installation, upgrading and payment options access to relevant knowledge advanced ICT and energy infrastructure, architecture and connectivity; capital inflow and technology transfer with focus on ICT- and OS-related science-industry linkages remembering and forgetting compensation schemes for ‚victims‘ of a ICT-based society through options to share scarce resour ces utilizing knowledge OS-related e-government and e-administration to change national culture
  14. 14. <ul><li>conclusion </li></ul>Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011 Red nacional de incubadoras de empresas tecnológicas www.boliviaincuba.net
  15. 15. macro micro motivational factors for innovative behaviour psychology of societies social acceptance (norms, rules, customs, culture, …) from creativity to an innovative „take off“ group behaviour personal willingness (desire, need, …) & individual capability (competences, …) national systems of innovation conditions and situative options (infrastructure, public policies, …) mesoeconomic environment conditions and situative options (market conditions, resources of network, regional features, …) social acceptance (leadership culture and organisational culture, …) message 1: government can influence all levels of ICT-based learning… Burger-Menzel (2010) Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011
  16. 16. Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011 Carlota Perez (2008): “For Latin America to get onto a fast development path, the continent needs to recognize what its possibilities are within the present [ICT] context, and into the future.” message 2: … and it should do so also by using ICTs (KICs) itself & by networking with all actor groups to learn from their experience! in order to help the country prosper especially when starting from a low-level ICT environment
  17. 17. gracías por Su atención Burger-Menzel: OS perspectives for technological catch-up / La Paz 17.05.2011
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