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Suomijai presentation

  1. 1. Nordic Network for empowerment of immigrant women without prior education experience Feedback on questionnaire results in Lithuania
  2. 2. Women migrants in Lithuania  “Women migrants in Lithuania - it is a very interesting topic. It would be very interesting to know how women of different nationalities, different ages, living in Lithuania, manage to adapt to our culture, a new social environment, how they look at locals, the Lithuanian men, social policy, education, science, culture. If their family life happy, or if mixed-ethnicity children feel well in Lithuania, whether they are able to adapt painlessly two languages, two cultures, and two outlooks. There are two options of answers to these questions: in Lithuania women migrants are happy, free, educated, occupy a significant position in a society. They re-discover themselves, re- create their own identity. Or they are going through psychological trauma, suffering, because they had to leave their native country, face social, cultural adaptation difficulties. They can be nervous or apathetic, or indifferent to the ethnic community activities. These contrasting modes of migrant women are described by researchers.
  3. 3. Women migrants in Lithuania  Women migrants living in a new country should not be confined to marital happiness, successful career, or to family problems and public failures. In order for women migrants to learn to protect their personal coherent inner life, their family, and children from social problems they should be themselves, to know what human rights and fundamental freedom, equal opportunities policy is, what are the laws of the country to ensure that they and their children are safe in the new society. Participation of women migrants in the activities of the ethnic communities is not only the preservation of their traditional lifestyles and self expression, but also personality formation, education opportunities”. M.A.Pavilionienė, Member of Parliament of Lithuania and President of Business Women Organization of Lithuanian Ethic Groups
  4. 4. Some general statistics about the migration situation in LT  Country of origin
  5. 5. Women migrants Women immigrants by age group, 2009 13% 2% 3% 11% 22%16% 9% 6% 5% 4% 3% 5% 1% 0-14 15-17 18-19 20-24 25-29 30-34 35-39 40-44 45-49 50-54 55-59 60-79 80+
  6. 6. Women migrants by country of birth Women immigrants by country of birth, 2009 3%2% 13% 5% 4% 26% 1% 32% 11% 3% 0% Ireland Spain UK Latvia Poland Belarus Moldova Russian Federation Ukraine Kazakhstan Turkey
  7. 7. Women migrants by marital status Women immigrants by marital status, 2009 33% 50% 14% 3% Single (never married) Married Divorced Widowed
  8. 8. Asylum seekers in 2009
  9. 9. Organizations contacted  Business Women Organization of Lithuanian Ethnic Groups  The House of National Communities  Labor Exchange  International Migration Organization Vilnius Office
  10. 10. Questionnaire results  Nationalities: Belorussians Turks Hungarian Uzbekian Romanian
  11. 11. Age  Turks: age range from 22 to 33  Byelorussians: age range from 39 to 60  Hungarians: age range from 26 to 50  Romanians: age range from 30 to 60  Uzbeks: age range from 50 to 63
  12. 12. Marital status 13% 27% 60% married divorced single
  13. 13. Years living in the host country  4 years -Turks  13 -23 years -Byelorussians, Romanians and Uzbeks, Hungarians  6 months - Hungarians
  14. 14. Language levels (basic, intermediate, advanced - spoken, written, comprehensive  Lithuanian language level Turks: basic words Byelorussians: basic written, basic/intermediate spoken, advanced comprehensive Romanians: advanced written, spoken, comprehensive Hungarians: a) basic written, spoken, comprehensive b) advanced written, spoken/comprehensive
  15. 15. Work experience
  16. 16. Education  What skills do you have ? How many years? -  Do you feel a need for further education? If not, may we ask why not? Yes - 60% No- 30% (I haven’t got enough money; have no time, too old to study)  If you don’t wish to study, what would you like to do instead? 33%- we wish to study
  17. 17. Work  If however, you do wish to work , but are not currently, what is stopping you? 13%- I wish to work but I have no experience and I don’t know the language 7%- I can’t find a job  If you do not wish to work, what would you like to do instead? 20% - I would help my children 13% - I would learn languages
  18. 18. Networks  Do you have social networks within your own community? 100%- yes  Do you have social networks within multi immigrant communities involving other communities than your own? 50% -yes  Do you have social networks within the Lithuanian community? 80 % - yes
  19. 19.  Do you know how to find information about further education and classes? 60% - yes  Do you know where to turn to get a job and whom to contact? 55%- yes  What in your opinion would help you to get further education and/or to get a job - Embassy of my country - my community
  20. 20.  Which authority is responsible for immigrants arriving in the host country? 25 % - I don’t know 50%- Migration department  Which authority is responsible for refugees arriving in the host country? 25%- I don’t know 35 %- Foreigners registration centre
  21. 21.  What are the existing processes/laws for integration of immigrants? 25% - I don’t know  Which authority is responsible for employment when immigrants arrive in the host country? 25%- I don’t know
  22. 22. Thank you