Imam-Tamim, Muhammad Kamaldeen
PhD Candidate in Family Law and
Harmonisation of Laws, IIUM
Najibah Mohd Zin
Professor, Isl...
 Women

are the salt (or
jewel?) of life.
 When the food spoils,
add salt to preserve it
but when salt spoils,
what can ...
 Statistically,

women in
Malaysia are about half
the population of men
 As

a result of several
gender focused policies
by government, more
girls now attend school
and are believed to
outnumbe...


The increase in
education of female has
consequently contributed
to finding more females
in almost all areas of the
lab...


Notwithstanding the
perceived improvement
in the intellectual
capability of the women,
why have their roles in
the nati...


The presence of
Malaysian women in
political positions where
they can contribute
meaningfully to decision
and policy ma...
 Why

have women found
it difficult to attain pole
positions in national
political structure?
 Is

it due to social,
political and cultural
perspectives that are
presently entrenched
in the society?






Stereotyping and typifying of
women roles in the society
Paucity of women in decision
making positions
Lack of st...


Stereotyping and typifying of women
roles in the society
Women

are culturally
stereotyped as child bearers and
homema...
Malaysian

societies operate based
on certain norms that legitimise
differences in power.
The society is structured in a...
Stereotyping and typifying of
women roles in the society
Therefore, hardly would evidence
be found comparing successes of...


By stereotyping the women to the
attribute of outright submissiveness,
their aspirations to be leaders and
contribute t...


Paucity of women in decision
making positions
As a result of the
stereotyping, Malaysian
political structure is
domina...
Statistics

show that women
often occupy marginal
percentage of vital political
offices especially at the
national politi...


The opportunities provided to
the women to participate in
decision making and hence
nation building has been
minimal be...
Paucity of women in decision
making positions
consequences of meagre
participation of women in
decision making:
Likely l...


engender the high power
distance cultural stance of the
Malaysian society thereby
isolating and discriminating
against ...


Lack of strong political commitment to
encourage wider participation of
women in contributing to national
development a...


Government supports have
equally been low due to low
budget allocations, inadequate
staffing and insufficient
authority...
Though

the government has
objectives geared towards
elevating the status of
women, the scope of the
objective appears no...


Women hold important
position and constitute a
significant percentage of
the Malaysian population.


More Malaysian women attain
higher education than their
male counterparts but these
feats do not reflect in the
allowan...


This is due to certain
traditional practices that
encourage stereotyping of
gender roles between the
men and the women.


Introducing educational
contents that will erase the
entrenched gender stereotype
awareness among the young
generations...


Media support in
reconstructing the image of
the women by changing the
patriarchal perceptive that
pervades the society...


Gender analysis, gender impact
assessment should be entrenched
in development planning by the
government. Also gender
c...


Rigorous efforts by the
government to enlighten the
people even from religious and
traditional historical
perspectives ...


The women national
machineries must be
strengthened more in order to
help the government fulfil its
commitment in the B...


Advocacy efforts should be
made towards the
reorientation of conservative
religious and power groups by
making them rea...


Government must improve its
political commitment towards
incorporating women in real
phases of decision making.


Women bodies should also
work within the confines of
religious principles to advocate
for eradication of gender
dispari...


They should make more
awareness campaign among the
women to eradicate the gender
stereotype perspective now
entrenched ...
THANK YOU ALL
FOR YOUR
RAPT
ATTENTION
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Re-positioning the role and place of malaysian Women for National Development and Nation Building

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The place of women in decision making at various strata of living has been a front burner issue in the current milieu. The number of women allowed to participate in nation building worldwide is abysmally low especially in Malaysia where the women are culturally believed to be better suited for the role of home makers. Various researches have however shown that women are naturally made to contribute to development both domestically and nationally. Other Researches have equally shown that the women have been facing challenges in assuming political positions where they can adequately and practically contribute to national development as a result of certain socio-political and cultural challenges. This paper therefore investigates the factors that contribute to the inhibition of women in this regard despite their landmark educational progression and achievement. The paper argues that Malaysia will profit in its national development and nation building programmes if more women are allowed to participate in national governance. This will be achieved by harnessing the traditional roles of women in the family life for the benefit of the nation.

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Re-positioning the role and place of malaysian Women for National Development and Nation Building

  1. 1. Imam-Tamim, Muhammad Kamaldeen PhD Candidate in Family Law and Harmonisation of Laws, IIUM Najibah Mohd Zin Professor, Islamic International University Malaysia Norliah Ibrahim Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Law, AIKOL, IIUM. Roslina Che Soh Assistant Professor, Department of Civil Law, AIKOL, IIUM.
  2. 2.  Women are the salt (or jewel?) of life.  When the food spoils, add salt to preserve it but when salt spoils, what can preserve it?
  3. 3.  Statistically, women in Malaysia are about half the population of men
  4. 4.  As a result of several gender focused policies by government, more girls now attend school and are believed to outnumber the males.
  5. 5.  The increase in education of female has consequently contributed to finding more females in almost all areas of the labour sector ranging from the professional to the menial jobs.
  6. 6.  Notwithstanding the perceived improvement in the intellectual capability of the women, why have their roles in the national development been very insignificant?
  7. 7.  The presence of Malaysian women in political positions where they can contribute meaningfully to decision and policy making processes is abysmally low. Why?
  8. 8.  Why have women found it difficult to attain pole positions in national political structure?
  9. 9.  Is it due to social, political and cultural perspectives that are presently entrenched in the society?
  10. 10.    Stereotyping and typifying of women roles in the society Paucity of women in decision making positions Lack of strong political commitment to encourage wider participation of women in contributing to national development and nation building
  11. 11.  Stereotyping and typifying of women roles in the society Women are culturally stereotyped as child bearers and homemakers. Malaysian men and women have long lived by the assumption that women are traditionally designed to be at the backstage and take care of domestic affairs.
  12. 12. Malaysian societies operate based on certain norms that legitimise differences in power. The society is structured in a way that intra-group social comparisons between men and women are rarely done.
  13. 13. Stereotyping and typifying of women roles in the society Therefore, hardly would evidence be found comparing successes of women against those of their male counterparts especially at the level of national development
  14. 14.  By stereotyping the women to the attribute of outright submissiveness, their aspirations to be leaders and contribute to the national development have certainly been curtailed.
  15. 15.  Paucity of women in decision making positions As a result of the stereotyping, Malaysian political structure is dominated by male while women only play complimentary roles
  16. 16. Statistics show that women often occupy marginal percentage of vital political offices especially at the national political terrain.
  17. 17.  The opportunities provided to the women to participate in decision making and hence nation building has been minimal because they are not given adequate chances of leading in vital political, economic and social fields.
  18. 18. Paucity of women in decision making positions consequences of meagre participation of women in decision making: Likely lopsidedness in the fashioning developmental policies that will impact positively on their lives.
  19. 19.  engender the high power distance cultural stance of the Malaysian society thereby isolating and discriminating against the women.
  20. 20.  Lack of strong political commitment to encourage wider participation of women in contributing to national development and nation building Malaysia has taken efforts to improve the status of the women but only small number of them are given opportunity to contribute to national development.
  21. 21.  Government supports have equally been low due to low budget allocations, inadequate staffing and insufficient authority to liaise with related government departments at the lower level of implementation of relevant government policies
  22. 22. Though the government has objectives geared towards elevating the status of women, the scope of the objective appears not to cover elevating their status politically.
  23. 23.  Women hold important position and constitute a significant percentage of the Malaysian population.
  24. 24.  More Malaysian women attain higher education than their male counterparts but these feats do not reflect in the allowance given to women to contribute more actively to national political efforts towards nation building and national development.
  25. 25.  This is due to certain traditional practices that encourage stereotyping of gender roles between the men and the women.
  26. 26.  Introducing educational contents that will erase the entrenched gender stereotype awareness among the young generations;
  27. 27.  Media support in reconstructing the image of the women by changing the patriarchal perceptive that pervades the society through production of programmes that reflect non-stereotyped, balanced and diverse images of the women.
  28. 28.  Gender analysis, gender impact assessment should be entrenched in development planning by the government. Also gender contributions assessment should also be institutionalised in governments’ national plan with a view to comparing contributions made by members of each gender group towards national development in a given year.
  29. 29.  Rigorous efforts by the government to enlighten the people even from religious and traditional historical perspectives to move away from the traditional gender norms and break the patriarchal barrier;
  30. 30.  The women national machineries must be strengthened more in order to help the government fulfil its commitment in the Beijing Platform for Action and consolidating its achievements in the MDGs;
  31. 31.  Advocacy efforts should be made towards the reorientation of conservative religious and power groups by making them realise that neither the religions nor the cultures operating in Malaysia prohibits the women from holding prime political offices;
  32. 32.  Government must improve its political commitment towards incorporating women in real phases of decision making.
  33. 33.  Women bodies should also work within the confines of religious principles to advocate for eradication of gender disparity in legislative and executive political structures especially at the national level.
  34. 34.  They should make more awareness campaign among the women to eradicate the gender stereotype perspective now entrenched in the society as against the open society created by both the religion and the traditional malay adat.
  35. 35. THANK YOU ALL FOR YOUR RAPT ATTENTION

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