Managing Livestockand Horsegoals And Overview
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Managing Livestockand Horsegoals And Overview Managing Livestockand Horsegoals And Overview Presentation Transcript

  • History and Goals of 4-H Livestock & Horse Projects Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Objectives
    • The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition
    • The Growth of Livestock Projects
    • Life skill development through livestock and animal science participation
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition
    • Limited written documentation on where and when livestock exhibition was introduced
    • Elkanah Watson “father of U.S. agricultural fairs ” (International Association of Fairs & Expositions, 2002)
      • First sheep fair in 1807 in Pittsfield, Mass.
      • Wanted to prove U.S. sheep produced equal quality wool to that of England
    • Today well over 3,000 fairs across the country annually.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • The Beginning of Livestock Exhibition
    • Provide industrial exhibits, demonstrations, and agricultural commodities aimed to increase quality of agriculture
    • Provide competition for youth to exhibit livestock for show
    • Most importantly, raising and exhibiting livestock has proven to develop and enhance life skills in youth
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Growth of Livestock Projects
    • Calf, swine, and dairy clubs increased significantly during World War I through 4-H due to increased support of private donors
    • 1917 states began to have youth shows
    • First youth show in Minnesota (Wessel and Wessel, 1982)
    • Minnesota State Livestock Breeders’ Association was first show to offer youth cash prizes to help counties hold calf and colt shows.
    • T.A. Erickson and W.A. McKerrow joined this livestock breeders association to establish first junior livestock show
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Growth of Livestock Projects
    • 2000, Texas 4-H and FFA members accounted for over 75,000 county livestock show entries for cattle, swine, meat goats, and sheep across the state.
    • Roughly half were from the Texas 4-H program.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects
    • Six major benefits as a result of competition through showing livestock:
      • Social relations
      • Character
      • Family
      • Competition
      • Learning new cultures and environments
      • Helping finance the youth’s education
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects
    • Study done with 4-H alumni showed specific life skills that included:
      • Ability to make decisions
      • Development of a spirit of inquiry
      • Ability to relate to others
      • Maintaining of records
      • Public speaking
      • Give positive self-esteem
      • Help accept responsibility
    • 4-H animals science programs have a positive influence on life skill development
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Life Skill Development Through Livestock Projects
    • Boleman (2003) asked parents of youth exhibiting livestock projects their perceptions on life skill development
    • Parents stated life skills were enhanced and the following skills were increased:
      • Accepting responsibility
      • Setting goals
      • Develop self-discipline
      • Self motivation
      • Knowledge of the livestock industry
      • Build positive self esteem
      • Decision making
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Conclusions
    • Understanding the history of Livestock projects is important for County Extension Agents
    • Life skill development is an important topic that should be discussed with stakeholders.
    • The ultimate goal for County Extension Agents is to develop youth!!
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Overview of the 4-H Livestock Project Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Objectives
    • General information
    • Did you know?
    • Benefits of Competitive Livestock Showing
    • You are a role model
    • Livestock Shows
    • Summary
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • General Information
    • Takes a total commitment from youth, parents, County Extension Agents, volunteers
    • Responsibility of CEA to provide oversight and leadership to 4-H livestock program
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Did you know?
    • Texas is the number one state in total livestock shows, major livestock shows, prize money rewarded to youth, premium auction sales, youth participation, volunteer support, and scholarships provided
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Benefits of Competitive Livestock Showing
    • Learn Seven Life Skills
      • Responsibility
      • Setting Goals
      • Develop Self-discipline
      • Self-motivation
      • Knowledge of the livestock industry
      • Build positive self esteem
      • Decision making
    • Important to emphasize life skills as well as demonstrate them.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • You are a role model
    • County Extension Agents have a responsibility to be a role model for youth and adults
    • Agents must do the following:
      • Demonstrate ethical practices dealing with livestock projects
      • Demonstrate good sportsmanship
      • Provide resources to youth
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Livestock Shows
    • Livestock shows go year around
    • County Agent responsible for making sure that families have all necessary tools to raise a livestock project and to follow rules and guidelines
    • List of major 4-H livestock project types:
    Breeding sheep Breeding goats Breeding Swine Breeding Cattle Dairy Cattle Dairy Goats
        • Market steer
        • Market lamb
        • Meat goats
        • Market swine
        • Poultry
        • Rabbits
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Conclusions
    • It is very important County Extension Agents promote life skill development associated with livestock projects
    • It is the Agents goal to develop blue ribbon kids vs. blue ribbon animals
    • “ Always keep your focus on the right end of the halter.”
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Overview of the 4-H Horse Project Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Objectives
    • General information
    • Western Emphasis
    • Hunter
    • Drill Team & Precision Riding
    • Ownership, Age and Competition Rules
    • District-Wide Competitive Activities
    • Texas State 4-H Show
    • Additional Educational and Competitive Activities and Events
    • Educational Support
    • Additional Information
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • General Information
    • Opportunities exist at the county, district, and state levels, with additional competitive activities at the Southern Regional, Western and National levels
    • Texas has excellent support from volunteers and very active 4-Hers!!
    • Major objective of the Texas 4-H horse program is to help initiate, support and promote education via hands-on involvement with horses.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • General Information
    • 8,000 – 10,000 youth enroll annually in Texas 4-H Horse Project
    • Encourages 4-H youth to identify and maintain one or more horses of various ages as a project on or before May 1 st of each year.
    • Horse project is first and foremost, a horsemanship project area, with additional opportunities present
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Western Emphasis
    • Judged Western – Showmanship, trail, western pleasure, western horsemanship, reining, western riding & halter conformation
    • Speed Events – Pole bending, barrel racing, and stakes racing
    • Cattle-related – Working cow horse, team penning, cutting, team roping, breakaway roping, and tie-down calf roping
    • Futurity projects – Reserved for older, more experienced 4-Hers who are ready to accept the (Western Pleasure) or three-year old (Stock Horse)
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Hunter (English Emphasis)
    • Hunter under Saddle
    • Equitation
    • Hunter Hack
    • Working Hunter
    • Equitation over Fences
    • Jumping
    • Hunter Showmanship
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Drill Team & Precision Riding
    • Introductory Precision work advancing up to more advanced Mounted Drill Team competition
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Ownership, Age and Competition Rules
    • Show rules and regulations available on 4-H and animal science web-sites.
    • Key points include:
      • 4-H year starts on September 1
      • Horse(s) must be owned by May 1 of the current 4-H year
      • May 1 deadline strictly enforced by countywide Horse Validation process
      • Horse project(s) must be owned by the 4-Her, parent, grandparent, sibling, or legal guardian. Leased, loaned, borrowed or rented horses are not eligible
      • Validated Horses for each 4-Her are maintained in County, District & Statewide databases
      • Only horses owned and validated on or before May 1 each year can be shown in 4-H shows
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • District-Wide Competitive Activities
    • 12 district horse shows across the state in June of each year
    • Showcase 20 + counties that come together for competitive activities
    • 4-Her must enter and show their district horse to have a chance to qualify for the state show.
    • Over 1450 youth participate at the district horse show
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Texas State 4-H Horse Show
    • Held last full week of July in Abilene
    • Over 800 youth bringing over 1,000 horses in various emphasis areas
    • State show culminates a year of activity, progress, and effort with one or more horses
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Additional Educational and Competitive Activities and Events
    • Horse Judging – County teams of 3 or 4 members
    • Method Demonstration and Public Speaking – County teams of 1-5 members, or individuals
    • Horse Quiz Bowl – County teams
    • Hippology – County teams of 3 or 4 members
    • Record Books – Individual record keeping and Record Book Competition
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Educational Support
    • Early summer Horse program assistants trained and sent to 35-40 counties to put on two or three day trainings
    • Information about trainings is available in the September and January issues of the CEA Horse Newsletter
    • Programs are hands-on, learn-by-doing
    • Clinics taught from late May to early July
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Educational Support
    • Specialty Clinics – Offered with emphasis on:
      • Reining – Team Roping – Calf Roping -Working Cow Horse
      • Horse Judging Team Coaches’ Clinic – Youth Horse Judging Camps
      • Master Volunteer Leader Training
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Additional Information
    • CEA Horse Newsletter – published in January, May & September posted online at http://animalscience.tamu.edu – sent to all County Extension Agents electronically
    • Texas 4-H Horse Show Rules and Regulations – updated annually
    • Texas 4-H Roundup Guide – Rules and procedures on Horse Judging, Method Demonstration, Public Speaking and Quiz Bowl.
    • Youth & Collegiate Horse Judging Leader Guide –available in print and DVD.
    • Texas 4-H Horse Quiz Bowl Guide – available via the 4-H Office
    • Texas Horse Owners’ Reference Guide – available from http://tcebookstore.org
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  • Conclusions
    • There are numerous opportunities available to youth through the 4-H Horse Program.
    • Nearly 8-10 thousand youth participate a year in the horse program
    • Opportunities other than horse projects are also available
    • Youth should be aware of all the rules and regulations in the horse program.
    Texas 4-H and Youth Development