Breedingsheep Essentials


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Breedingsheep Essentials

  1. 1. Breeding Sheep Essentials Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  2. 2. Topics to Discuss <ul><li>The following topics will be discussed: </li></ul><ul><li>Selection </li></ul><ul><li>Facilities and Equipment </li></ul><ul><li>Nutrition </li></ul><ul><li>Health </li></ul><ul><li>Fitting and Showing </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  3. 3. Selection <ul><li>Breeds </li></ul><ul><li>Choice of wooled breeding sheep (Columbia, Corriedale, Delaine-Merino, and Rambouillet), medium wool breeding sheep (Dorset, Hampshire, Southdown, and Suffolk), or hair breeding sheep (Dorper and Royal White). </li></ul><ul><li>Major shows that have breeding sheep shows: State Fair of Texas in Dallas, Southwestern Exposition and Livestock Show in Fort Worth, San Antonio Livestock Exposition, San Angelo Livestock Show, and Houston Livestock Show. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  4. 4. Selection <ul><li>Breeds </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development Shows Breeds Dallas (junior & open) Columbia, Delaine-Merino, Dorper, Dorset, Hampshire, Rambouillet, Southdown, Suffolk Fort Worth (junior & open) Delaine-Merino, Dorset, Hampshire, Rambouillet, Southdown, Suffolk San Antonio (junior & open) Delaine-Merino, Dorset, Hampshire, Rambouillet, Southdown, Suffolk San Angelo (junior & open) Junior – Delaine-Merino, Dorper, Rambouillet, Ewe Lamb futurity Open – Columbia, Delaine-Merino, Dorper, Rambouillet, Southdown Houston (junior & open) Columbia, Corriedale, Delaine-Merino, Dorper, Dorset, Hampshire, ORB, Rambouillet, Royal White, Southdown, Suffolk
  5. 5. Selection cont. <ul><li>Age </li></ul><ul><li>Divided into classes based on teeth.(rules vary) </li></ul><ul><li>Some times they are shown according to age on registration papers. </li></ul><ul><li>Generally three age divisions: Lamb, two-tooth(yearling), four to six-tooth(aged) </li></ul><ul><li>Sheep with more than six permanent teeth may not exhibit </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  6. 6. Selection cont. <ul><li>Quality Considerations </li></ul><ul><li>The following considerations should be taken when selecting a sheep: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Structural correctness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Growth </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Muscle </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Breed and sex characteristics </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Approx. 40-50% of evaluation of wooled breeding sheep is on fleece </li></ul><ul><li>Little emphasis placed on wool in medium and hair breeding sheep. </li></ul><ul><li>Wool characteristics to watch: lbs of wool, grade and uniformity of grade, length, density, character, belly wool, wool blindness, hairy britch </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  7. 7. Selection cont. <ul><li>Shearing guidelines </li></ul><ul><li>Apply primarily to wooled breeding sheep </li></ul><ul><li>Most shows require Rambouillet, Columbia, and Corriedale sheep to be shorn on or after October 20 th of the calendar year preceding the show. </li></ul><ul><li>Rambouillet with staple length in excess of 2 inches will be disqualified </li></ul><ul><li>Delaine-Merino sheep aged(4 to 6 tooth) sheep only must be shorn to the skin on or before March 15, of the calendar year preceding the show. </li></ul><ul><li>Many shows require medium wool to be slick shorn above the knee and hock joint </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  8. 8. Selection cont. <ul><li>Ownership </li></ul><ul><li>All sheep must be registered in the Handbook of their Association in the name of the Junior owner on or before November 1, the preceding year. </li></ul><ul><li>Open shows require ownership in Handbook of Association 30 days prior to the show. </li></ul><ul><li>State Fair of Texas requires ownership 90 days prior to show </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  9. 9. Facilities and Equipment <ul><li>Minimum space of 500 ft 2 of pen space and 30 ft 2 of shelter space per sheep is recommended </li></ul><ul><li>Should be well drained. </li></ul><ul><li>Pen height should be at least 42 inches to discourage jumping and predators </li></ul><ul><li>Can be hand-fed or self-fed </li></ul><ul><li>If hand-feeding allow for 1 1/2 linear feet of trough space per sheep </li></ul><ul><li>If self-feeding allow for 6-8 inches of trough space per sheep </li></ul><ul><li>Access to clean water most important when feeding. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  10. 10. Nutrition <ul><li>No particular feed that should be fed </li></ul><ul><li>Sheep must have basic daily nutritional requirements: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Water </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Protein </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Energy </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Minerals </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Vitamins </li></ul></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  11. 11. Nutrition cont. <ul><li>If raising own lambs important to not only feed brod sheep but also creep feed young lambs </li></ul><ul><li>Good creep feed contains 16-18% crude protein, proper mineral balance, not too much roughage or fiber, contain antibiotics </li></ul><ul><li>After buying sheep should be put on growing ration (14-16% protein), proper mineral balance, roughage, and antibiotics if necessary </li></ul><ul><li>Can either be self-fed or hand-fed </li></ul><ul><li>Recommended to hand-feed breeding sheep to allow more accurate evaluation and prevention over conditioning </li></ul><ul><li>Feed should be fresh and consistent </li></ul><ul><li>Should gain 3-4% of their body weight a day. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  12. 12. Health <ul><li>Keeping breeding sheep healthy is very important! </li></ul><ul><li>Prevention is the key to a successful health program. </li></ul><ul><li>Administer vaccination program recommended by local veterinarian </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Vaccinate for enterotoxemia and soremouth and treated for internal parasites </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Regular hoof trimming is also necessary </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  13. 13. Health cont. <ul><li>When administering drugs follow all directions on drug labels to Quality Assurance. </li></ul><ul><li>The use of drugs in manner unintended violates laws set by the Food and Drug Administration </li></ul><ul><li>Texas livestock shows have strict laws for illegal drug use and will disqualify animals if illegal drugs are used </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  14. 14. Fitting and Showing <ul><li>Fitting breeding sheep is an ART !! </li></ul><ul><li>Wooled breeding sheep are generally fitted differently than medium wool and hair breeding sheep because they are shown in the wool and are not washed. </li></ul><ul><li>Necessary equipment to fit wooled breeding sheep: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Electric clippers with blades </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hand shears </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Wool cards(2) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Hoof trimmers </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Curry comb </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Brush </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Blankets and hoods </li></ul></ul>- Bucket - Spray bottle - Wool rag - Soap - Trimming table - Rope halters Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  15. 15. Fitting and Showing cont. <ul><li>Wooled breeding sheep must be fitted completely </li></ul><ul><li>Medium and haired breeding sheep can be shown in the wooled or slick shorn depending on show rules. </li></ul><ul><li>If shown in wooled must be shorn 1-2 months before show. </li></ul><ul><li>If shown slick then must be washed and shorn immediately before the show. </li></ul><ul><li>Do not use artificial coloring </li></ul><ul><li>Can be led on halters, but should learn to lead </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  16. 16. Additional questions to address with Exhibitors <ul><li>What are the goals of the 4-H member and family? </li></ul><ul><li>At what major shows do you wish to exhibit breeding sheep? </li></ul><ul><li>Do you need assistance in locating and selecting your project? </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  17. 17. Additional Resources for Breeding Sheep Texas Breeding Sheep Guide By Frank Craddock and Ross Stultz Texas 4-H and Youth Development
  18. 18. Conclusions <ul><li>All aspects of the selection process should be understood. (breeds, quality, ownership, age, shearing guidelines) </li></ul><ul><li>Proper facilities should be available. </li></ul><ul><li>Proper diets and nutritional information about feeding sheep should be identified. </li></ul><ul><li>Health is one of the most important aspects of raising breeding sheep. </li></ul><ul><li>All rules should be followed in regards to fitting prior to show. </li></ul>Texas 4-H and Youth Development