Rule of thirds• In the rule of thirds, photos are divided into thirds with nine sections in the images. Some cameras do have an option to superimpose the rule of thirds over the screen making it a easier composition to do. It can make a photograph look more dynamic as you can place the object at one side adding tension between the object and the empty space.
Balancing Elements• Placing the main object off-centre, as with the rule of thirds, can create a more dynamic photograph, but it can leave lot of empty space within the photograph which can make it look empty. You could therefore balance the object by having another object of lesser importance to fill the space.
Leading linesLeading lines could be very important to a photograph because our eyes will naturallyfollow lines, therefore if you place lines in the composition it can affect the way weseen the image as it pulls us into the picture towards the object.
Symmetry and PatternsPhotographs with symmetry and pattern can make for a eye catching composition. Youcould also break the pattern/symmetry by adding a object as the focal point.
ViewpointThe viewpoint the photograph takes is important as it can change the impact of themessage the shot connotes. It doesn’t always have to be from eye level, it can be froma higher or lower perspective.
BackgroundThe background to a photograph can be important, it is best to have the main objectstanding out against a plain background so the background doesn’t distract from themain object.
DepthDepth in a photograph can be created by including objects in the background, middleground and foreground. Making a photograph with layers makes it not only moreinteresting but adds more depth.
CroppingCropping a photo can be useful as you can make the object more of a focal point andalso getting rid of any background that distracts from the main object.
PanoramaPanoramic photography can be highly effective in creating the illusion of aelongated view, it can be done by taking numerous photographs and‘stitching’ the photographs together using various different programmes,some cameras even have it set-up so that it will automatically ‘stitch’ thephotographs together for you.
FocusFocus and autofocus helps to make a specific object the main focal point blurring outany background which may distract from the focal point. Most digital cameras nowhave an autofocus however it is arguably better to manually do the focus to make itmore precise.
ApertureThe aperture is something that controls the amount of light that is allowed through anopening. Within photography aperture is the unit of measurement that defines thesize of the opening in the lens that can be adjusted to control the amount of lightreaching the film or sensor. The size of the aperture is measured in F-Stop
Shutter SpeedWithin photography the shutter speed is the length of time a camera’sshutter is open for.This can be effective when taking photographs of moving lights such asfireworks or traffic.
White balanceWhite balance is a camera setting that adjusts for lighting in order to make white objectsappear white in photos.
Iso speedThe ISO speed is the measurement of aphotographic film’s sensitivity to light, the reductionof exposure generally leads to reduced imagequality. The higher the sensitivity, the grainier theimage will be.