Rules of composition


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Rules of composition

  1. 1. RULES<br />OF<br />COMPOSITION<br />Jan Paolo Legaspi<br />
  2. 2. Introduction<br />Rules of Composition are the different ways in which photographs can be taken. Each rule follows a different type of skill within photography and will allow for a high quality photo instead of just having the usual normal photos like the ones people take in parties.<br />Rules of Composition can be divided into sections, each of these sections are different from each other but they all produce great quality photos as well as giving photos certain “effects”.<br />
  3. 3. Analysing Photos<br />Within this presentation, I have analysed the photos (both from internet and my own) in order to save having to create another power point. Slide will have a photo presented with it and near the photo are small texts which analyse how the photo meets the particular technique used.<br />
  4. 4. Rule of Thirds<br />The Rule of Thirds is one of the most commonly used rule in photography. It allows the photographer to create a balanced photo. <br />It is used by having create linear lines which will then align a subject by using the line and the intersection points. This rule allows photographers to avoid having to make their subject completely at the centre of the photo. Instead, it allows the subject to be placed at certain positions and also allow the image to flow from section to section when using linear lines.<br />This photo shows the linear lines used for the rule of thirds, instead of the owl being completely centred, each part is instead placed within a certain intersection<br />
  5. 5. Simplicity<br />Simplicity is one of the rules of composition. The name is very self explanatory.<br />When taking photographs, certain photographers use simplicity in order to achieve better quality photo. There are many ways in which simplicity can be approached. One way is by placing the subject (or object) against neutral backgrounds (such as the sky). The background can be a completely neutral background like cloudless skies or pure solid backdrops. <br />Another is by placing the subject against less neutral backgrounds. Backgrounds with high details often can be seen as an interruption as it removes the focus on the main subject. Digital Cameras allow photographers to remove the focus of the background, allowing the photo to be simply focused on the main subject.<br />This photo focuses on simplicity with neutral background.<br />This photo focuses on blurred background in order to achieve simplicity.<br />
  6. 6. Framing<br />Framing is using the natural objects within the area in order to create a frame around the subject. <br />Using objects such as trees allows the photographer to create a frame around the subject shows creativity as the photographer uses its natural surrounding in order to create more detailed images. A good example of a frame is a window. Certain photographers use windows as frames in order to show focus on the main subject. Plant life can also be used as frames. Photos can be taken with leaves as a frame.<br />This photo uses plant life as a frame. See the leaves that surround the main subject (the building). It makes the area seem more tranquil rather than just having the building itself, which will make it look...terrifying I guess.<br />
  7. 7. Balance<br />Balance in photography focuses around balancing the colours of a photo so that the photo shows an equal presentation of the different colours around the photo. When balancing, the photo must be able to present the different colours equally, unlike some photos where the light changes the colour, balancing shows the colour of the object as it is seen in real life.<br />These photos show perfect balance. Each of them clearly show the colour of the object as it would appear in real life, this shows detail whilst keeping the original colour.<br />
  8. 8. Leading Lines<br />Each photo can have leading lines shown into them. Leading lines are simple lines which are either taken intentionally or unintentionally. These lines are used to draw the viewer’s eyes through photographical images. It is also used in order to draw the photographer a certain focal point.<br />Here, the leading line is the wooden foot path. It is showing the picture at a certain focal point and it also keeps the viewer drawn to the photograph.<br />
  9. 9. Composing a Good Photo<br />Composing a good photo means using different techniques that are different from the basic rules. These techniques are much more advanced to the original rules as it allows a much more different effect. Some cameras will automatically adjust to meet the right adjustments for these techniques. <br />Some techniques require the actual photographer in certain positions in order to be able to meet the requirements.<br />
  10. 10. Birds Eye View<br />Birds eye view. A self explanatory rule. A view like a birds.<br />This particular rule allows photographers to capture photos which are unable to be captured from ground level. Normally, photos with birds eye view tend to be taken on airplanes or helicopters so that the photographer can reach a certain elevation level and be able to take a photo of the ground from aerial point. They can also be taken from tall buildings due to their height from the ground.<br />Birds eye view is mostly used for cartography in order to create maps, but others use this style in order to capture more fascinating photos.<br />Birds eye view of an island. As the photo shows, the ground is much more detailed and you can see more areas than in ground level.<br />
  11. 11. Worms Eye View<br />Again, very self explanatory. A view from the worms perspective.<br />The opposition to the birds eye view, the worms eye view focuses on photos which are taken from the ground (or below the subject). Unlike the birds eye view, the worms eye view focuses more on making the subject taller or bigger whilst the birds eye view makes them smaller.<br />With the difference being the size of the subject, it can also be pointed out that worms eye view not shows difference in size, but also difference in detail. A photo from worms eye view will show more detail than that of birds eye, this is because birds eye takes photos of many small details in one big area and worms eye takes photos of one big detail in a small area.<br />The details are much more clear from worms eye view. This is because it only focuses on one subject in a small area.<br />
  12. 12. Converging Lines<br />Converging lines are lines which meet toward a certain point, creating a sort of upside-down V shape on a photo.<br />The converging line is used to create distance and scale in order for the photo to create more visual effects. The most common converging line that is taken by most people is the railways, but there are also exceptions such as hallways or even a parallel line of people.<br />Taken from an online game, this photo shows converging lines by having two lines of people (or bird people) and have them positioned in a parallel line. (screenshot by me).<br />
  13. 13. Foreground interest<br />A foreground interest means showing the foreground and making the background a less important area. This particular technique requires the camera to adjust so that the foreground is much more detailed and the background being less detailed. <br />This is normally achieved by blurring the background, almost the same as simplicity in a manner. <br />Foreground interest focuses on what is at the front. This picture clearly shows this by having the phone focused and the background blurred.<br />
  14. 14. Background Interest<br />Background interest is the complete opposite of the foreground interest. Instead of focusing on the main subject, the background is instead the one that is focused on. <br />This technique allows for a detailed background, it shows the details of the whole background making it much more vivid compared to a foreground interest.<br />A background interest is opposite to a foreground interest. This photo shows this technique quite clearly by having the foreground blurred and the background clear and focused.<br />