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EFFECT OF IMPERIALISM TO CHINA
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EFFECT OF IMPERIALISM TO CHINA

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  • 1. Lesson 16 EQ: What were the effects of imperialism on China?
  • 2. • Objective: – SWBAT explain the effects of imperialism on China • Do Now: – Worksheet • Homework: – Worksheet
  • 3. Effects of Imperialism • The Europeans generally had a very negative impact on the regions that they colonized
  • 4. Imperialism in China • In the early 1800s, the British were losing money because they were highly dependent upon imported tea from China, but China did not find value in anything the British offered for trade • To solve this trade imbalance, Britain imported opium, processed from poppy plants, into China
  • 5. Opium
  • 6. Imperialism in China Cont... • Chinese officials attempted to ban the importation of the highly addictive opium, but ultimately failed
  • 7. Imperialism in China Cont... • The British declared war on China in a series of conflicts called the Opium Wars
  • 8. Imperialism in China Cont... • Superior British military technology allowed them to claim victory and subject the Chinese to a series of unequal treaties
  • 9. Imperialism in China Cont... • According to the 1842 Treaty of Nanjing, the Chinese were to: – – – – Reimburse Britain for costs incurred fighting the Chinese Open several ports to British trade Provide Britain with complete control of Hong Kong Grant extraterritoriality to British citizens living in China • Guaranteed that European citizens in China were only subject to the laws of their own nation and could only be tried by their own courts
  • 10. Imperialism in China Cont... • Several European nations followed Britain, forcing China to sign a series of unequal treaties • Eventually, western nations grew weary of governing foreign lands so they established spheres of influence within China
  • 11. Spheres of Influence in China
  • 12. Impact of Imperialism in China • The people of China did not like being ruled by European nations • As a result, they fought to kick out the Europeans (also called Westerners) and gain independence
  • 13. Boxer Rebellion • Led by Chinese nationalists in 1900 • Chinese tried (but failed) to gain independence from the various European nations that controlled them • Foreign nations formed an international coalition that ended the rebellion • With this victory, additional areas of China fell under foreign control
  • 14. Boxer Rebellion