Vedas

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  • 1. Vedas, Sastras, Poojas and Homams 1. What is the basic authority (pramana) for Hindu religion and philosophy? The Vedas are the basic, fundamental authority. 2. What is the meaning of the word Veda? Veda, in Sanskrit means that which gives knowledge. 3.Is there any other name for Veda? Veda is also called Sruti. 4. What is the meaning of the word Sruti? Sruti means that which is heard (through you ears). The Vedas were originally taught by Lord Narayana to Brahma orally. From thereon the Vedas came down from the Guru to the students orally only. The Guru teaches the Vedas to the students. Thus the student hears the Veda from the teacher. 5.Are Vedas known by any other names, apart from Sruti? They are also called Nigama and Amnaya. 6.What is the meaning of the words - Nigama and Amnaya? Nigama means a settled text or work, which is handed down from the Guru to the student from time immemorial. Amnaya means what is learnt by the student, by frequent repetition of the text; and also by frequently thinking over the same 7.Who composed the Vedas? The Vedas have not been composed by anybody, not even by God Himself. The Vedas are eternally existent. Even God did not create or make the Vedas. Narayana has only taught the Vedas to Brahma and then down the line. Hence Vedas are called Apaurusheya - not authored or made by anyone, including God.
  • 2. 8. How many Vedas are there? There are four Vedas. They are called: Rig Veda, Yajur Veda, Sama Veda and Atharva Veda 9. How do you explain that the Vedas have not been authored by anybody; including God? They are actually the breath of God. That is, after each deluge (pralaya), when the world is created, God Narayana remembers the Vedas and teaches then to Brahma and then it comes down the line. That is why, we say they are not made by anybody including God, but are self-existent. 10. Who divided the Vedas into four, as stated above? Vyasa edited the Vedas and divided them. 11. On what basis did Vyasa divide the Vedas into four? The Vedas were divided into four, to suit the Vedic rituals or karmas. There are four persons (Ritviks) who are prominent in the performance of rituals. 12. What are the names of these four persons (Ritviks)? How are they connected with the four Vedas? 1.The person, whose function is to recite praises of God and prayer to Him, sitting in one place, is called Hota. The Hota's function and Mantras are given in Rig Veda. 2.The person, who is engaged in the actual performance of the ritual, from the beginning to the end, is called Adhvaryu. The necessary mantras and the functions of the Adhvaryu are given in Yajur Veda. 3.The person who sings Samans (musical notes), sitting in another place, is called Udgata. The Udgata's functions and the Sama Ganas are given in Sama Veda. 4.The general supervisor of the rituals is called Brahman. The Bhrama's functions and the Mantras are given in Atharva Veda. The vedas are also broadly divided as Mantras and Brahmanas.
  • 3. 13. What do the Mantras talk about? The Mantras are in praise of God and prayers to God. The Yajur Mantras give detailed formulas for the rituals. The sama Mantras are only Rik Mantras, set to music. 14. Are these mantras in prose form or poetry form? The Rik Mantras are in poetry form. Yajur Mantras are in prose form. Sama Mantras are Riks, set to musical tones. The Atharva Veda contains both verses (poetry) and prose. This much idea is enough for the present regarding Mantras. 15. Please explain the other part, namely Brahmana. The Brahmanas are in prose form. Their main aim is to prescribe the rituals in details and also praise the glory of the Devas 16.How are the Brahmanas divided? Brahmanas are again divided into two parts: Vidhi and Arthavada. 17.What do these talk about? Vidhi portions give command to do a thing, to perform rituals. Arthavada generally praises the rituals, the glory of Devas and also points out their weaknesses. They also contain stories to illustrate the points. 18.What is the relative importance of these different portions? Portions connected with rituals are called Karmakanda. Generally, they teach how rituals like various yagas are to be done. They are also called Purvakanda. Portions dealing with philosophy and knowledge of Brahman are called Jnanakandra or Brahma kanda. So, Mantras and Brahmanas come under Karmakanda. Upanishads are called Jnanakanda. But, knowledge of Brahman and Philosophy are also discussed in Mantras and Brahmanas. 19.What is the meaning of the word Sastra? Sastra in Sanskrit means that which gives teaching, instruction or command.
  • 4. 20.What are the Sastras? The Vedas are the most important sastras. There is no sastra higher than the Veda. Then we have Smiriti, Itihasa, Purana and Agama, about which we will discuss later. 21.What are Samhita and Aranyaka? Modern thinkers divide Vedas into four portions, as follows: Samhita Brahmana Aranyaka, and Upanishads. Samhita denotes collection of Mantras. Brahmanas have already been described earllier. Aranyakas are texts, which were recited in hermitages in forests. Upanishads contain philosophical thoughts, in the form of discussions and explanations. 22.Why are Upanishads called Jnana Kanda or Brahma Kanda? They talk about realisation of God, how to attain salvation. Since they speak about realising Brahman or the ultimate reality the Upanishads are called Brahma Kanda. Since they give us Knowledge about attaining salvation, they are also called Jnana Kanda. The Upanishads are also called Veda Siras, i.e., the head of the Veda. When we say the head, we mean the most important part of the Veda. 23.What is the difference between Brahma and Brahman? Are both the same? No. Brahma is the four-faced one, who came from the lotus, out of the navel of Lord Narayana. Brahman means one who is great and hence denotes the Supreme Being or the Ultimate Reality. 24.Talking about Upanishads, how many Upanishads are there? People say that there are more than a hundred Upanishads, but only some of the Upanishads are accepted authoritatively by all sections of the Hindus. The important ones are called Dasopanishad, i.e., the ten Upanishads. These ten Upanishads are accepted as authority and quoted by ancient philosophers like Sankara, Ramanuja, and Madhva.
  • 5. 25.What are the ten Upanishads? The ten Upanishads are: Isavaya Upanishad, Kena Upanishad, Kata Upanishad, Prasna Upanishad, Mundaka Upanishad, Mandukya Upanishad, Taittiriya Upanishad, Aitareya Upanishad, Chandogya Upanishad, Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. 26.Are there any other important and accepted Upanishads? We have Svetasvatara Upanishad, Kaushitaki Upanishad, Subala Upanishad, and Maha Narayana Upanishad forms part of Taittiriya Upanishad, Aitareya Upanishad, Chandogya Upanishad, Brihadaranyaka Upanishad. 27.From which of the Vedas do these Upanishads come? Aitareya Upanishad is in Rig Veda Isavasya Upanishads, Kata Upanishads, Taittiriya Upanishad Bridhadaranyaka Upanishad are in Yajur Veda. Kena Upanishad and Chandogya Upanishad are from Sama Veda. Prasna Upanishad, Mundaka Upanishad and Mandukya Upanishad are all in Atharva Veda. 28.What are the Angas or subsidiaries of the Vedas? There are six such Angas (part or limbs) of Vedas. These are 1)Siksha 2) Vyakarana 3) Chandas 4) Jyotisha 5) Nirukta and 6) Kalpa. 29.Can you tell me what the six Veda Angas talk about? 1)Siksha explains the proper pronunciations of the Vedas. 2)Vyakarana explains the grammar of the Vedic words. 3)Chandas explains the metres of the various Riks. 4)Jyotisha helps in deciding the proper time for the performance of the various rituals. 5)Nirukta gives the meanings of difficult words in the Vedas. 6)Kalpa describes the proper method of performing the various ritual mentioned in the Vedas. These six angas of the Vedas help in a proper understanding of the Vedas. They also help in the performance of the various rituals or the yagas (yagnas), prescribed by the Vedas.
  • 6. 30.How are these six Vedangas divided? They can be divided into two groups: 1) Those which are connected with the text of the Vedas Siksha, Vyakarana, Chandas. 2)Those which are connected with the meaning of Vedas Jyotisha, Nirukta, Kalpa. 31.After the Vedas and Vedangas, what are the important texts or authorities for us? Next comes Smriti. Smriti helps us in understanding the various injunctions and truths propounded in the Vedas. 32.How many Smritis are there? The Smritis are many in number and even an exact definition of Smriti is perhaps not available. Many of the Smritis are also not available now and are lost to humanity. The more important Smritis are : Manu Smriti, Parasarra Smriti, Yagnavalkya Smriti, Harita Smriti ans Sandilya Smriti. Some say there are 20 Smritis and some others say that there are 57 Smritis. 33.What do thse Smritis talk about? The Smritis describe the codes of conduct for mankind in day-to-day life; how they should conduct themselves; and for any wrong doings, what are the punishments or atonements (prayaschitta) to be undergone. The Smritis can be considered as elaborating or explaining the Karma Kanda of the Vedas. 34.What are Itihasas? Ramayana and Mahabharata are called Itihasas. 35.Are they considered very sacred? They are considered as sacred as the Vedas themselves. The Mahabharata is called the Fifth Veda.
  • 7. 36.How many Puranas are there? There are 18 Puranas. These are sub-divided into three sets or groups. The first set of six Puranas are authoritative, sacred. These are called Sattvika Puranas. The second set of six Puranas are of medium quality, i.e. the whole thing cannot be accepted as true. These are called Rajasa Puranas. The third set of six puranas cannot be taken as perfectly valid. Only some portions of them, which are not opposed to Vedas, can be taken as authoritative. These are called Tamasa Puranas. 37.Please tell me the Puranas that fall in these three groups. 1. The first set of six Puranas which are most sacred (Sattvika Puranas) are as follows: Vishnu Purana Bhagavatam Narada Purana Padma Purana Varaha Purana Garuda Purana 2. The second set of six Puranas, which are not wholly authoritative, (Rajasa Puranas) are: Vamana Purana Brahma Purana Markandeya Purana Bhaavishya Purana Brahmanda Purana Brahma Vaivarta Purana 3. The last set of six Puranas, which are not very authoritative (Tamasa Puranas) are: Matsya Purana Kurma Purana Agni Purana Linga Purana Siva Purana Skanda Purana. 38.How do you accept these as authorities or Pramana? The basic rule is that the Vedas are the Ultimate authority or Pramana. So, in the Puranas, whichever does not conflict or contradict the Veda, can be taken as authority. 39.What are Agamas? The Agamas accept the authority of Vedas. The Agamas prescribe idol worship in the place of rituals like Yagas, mentioned in the Vedas. They prescribed the methods of idol worship. 40.How are the Agamas divided? The Agamas are predominantly divided into Saiva, Sakta and Vaishnava Agamas. Agamas mainly talk about construction of temples; the rules for installation and consecration of the deities in the temples; and the
  • 8. methods of performing pujas in the temples. The Vaishnava Agamas identify Brahman as Vasudeva. We will discuss this further later. 41.What are the Vaishnava Agamas? The Vaishnava Agamas are : Pancharatra Agama and Vaikhanasa Agama. 42.Which Agamas do our Vaishnavite temples follow? Some temples follow Pancharatra Agama and some temples follow Vaikhanasa Agama. This is only by tradition and custom. 43.Why is Vaikhanasa Agama so called? It is so called, because it was first taught by Vikhanas rishi to a group of disciples. Sage Vikhanas is stated to have been created by Lord Narayana Himself. It is also stated that he was created by Brahma. 44.Why is Pancharatra Agama so called? Lord Narayana taught this Agama for five nights to five rishis. Hence, it is called Pancharatra Agama (Pancharatra means five nights) 45.How are these Pancharatra Agamas divided? These are divided into Samhitas. 46.What are these Samhitas? There are more than 100 Samhitas. Sattvata Samhita, Paushkara Samhita, Jayakhya Samhita. These three are considered more important and are called three gems (Ratna traya). We have also Ahirbudhnya Samhita, Padma Samhita, Parameswara Samhita and Lakshmitantra. 47.What is Mimamsa? The Mimamsa consists of two parts. The first part is called Purva Mimamsa or Karma Mimamsa. The second part is called Uttara Mimamsa or Brahma Mimamsa.
  • 9. 48.What is Karma Mimamsa? Karma Mimamsa is dealt with by Jaimini in 16 chapters or Adhyayas. They contain short statements or aphorisms. They clarify doubts regarding rituals mentioned in the Vedas and also clarify doubts about the general conduct. They interpret the Vedic texts in Karma Kanda. 49.What is Brahma Mimamsa? Brahma Mimamsa is dealt with in Brahma Sutras. This is propounded by Sage Badarayana or Vyasa. This contains short statements or aphorisms, clarifying doubts in the Vedic text. Brahma Mimamsa interperts the Vedic text of Jnana Kanda or Brahma Kanda. 50.What is the importance of Brahma Sutra? Brahma Sutra is considered very sacred and important. It helps in clarifying and explaining difficult passages in the Upanishads. 51.Who have written commentaries on Brahma Sutra? This being one of the most important texts, many philosophers have written detailed commentaries. We have the commentaries by Sankara, Ramanuja, Madhva, besides many others like Nimbarka and Vallabha. 52.How many chapters are there in the Brahma Sutra? We have four chapters or Adhyayas in the Brahma Sutra. Each of the four chapters consists of four parts or padas. There are 545 Sutras or aphorisms. 53.Please tell me, broadly, the contents of the four chapters of the Brahma Sutra. The first chapter shows that Brahman is the sole cause of 1) creation of this world. 2) sustenance of this world and also 3) destruction of this world. The second chapter discusses some of the objections in this regard put forth by other schools and proves that Brahman is both the material cause and the instrumental cause of this world. (We will discuss this in
  • 10. detail later) The third chapter talks of salvation: what is meant by salvation and the glory of salvation. 54.What are the most important texts or books which explain the vedanta philosophy? There are three texts or books which explain the Vedanta philosophy and so they are called Prasthana Traya. They are: 1.Upanishads. 2.Brahma Sutra 3.Bhagavad Gita These are the most sacred texts. All philosophers have written commentaries on these, trying to prove that these three books support their therory. 55.Which is the most important potion in the Vedas? The Purusha Sukta is the most important. 56.Which is the most important Smriti? Manu Smriti is considered the most important. 57.What about the Puranas? Which is considered the most important? The Vishnu Purana is considered most sacred and important of the Puranas. It is called Puranaratna. 58.Which is the most important portion in the Mahabharata? Bhagavad Gita is the most important. 59.What are the various systems of philosophy? The systems of philosophy in India can be broadly divided into Nastika Schools and Astika Schools. 60.What is the Nasthika School? The Nastika School does not accept the authority of Vedas. They only adopt logic and reasoning.
  • 11. 61.What is the Astika School? The Astika school accepts the authority of Vedas primarily and also uses reasoning and logic. 62.What are the various systems of philosophy coming under the Nastika School? These are Charvaka system, Buddhism and Jainism. 63.What are the systems coming under Astika School? We have Sankhya, Yoga, Nyaya, Vaiseshika, Mimamsa, besides the Vedanta system. 64.What is the Vedantic system of philosophy? There is no specific single system of philosophy called the Vedantic system. Dvaita are the most well- known of the Vedantic systems. 65.What are the other systems of philosophy? These are: 1. Charvaka system 2. Jainism 3. Buddhism 4. Sankhya system 5. Yoga system 6. Nyaya system 7. Vaiseshika system 8. Mimamsa system 66.Who propounded these systems of philosophy? Buddhism was propounded by Gautama Buddha and Jainism by Mahavir Jain. The Vaiseshika system was propounded by Kanada and the Yoga system by Brahma. However, modern belief is that the yoga system was founded by Patanjali. The Sankhya System was propounded by Kapila: the Nyaya system by Gautama or Akshapada. The Mimamsa system was advocated by Jaimini.
  • 12. POOJAS Puja is a word in Sanskrit language. In Sanskrit, words are formed with meaning in mind. For instance in the word puja,'p' stands for 'paapa' meaning sins.'j' stands for 'janma' means birth. With 'p' it removes all accumulated sins, and with 'j' it makes your life's (birth) purpose fulfilled. The Lord being not accessible to our eyes, ears, nose, touch and beyond the ken of ordinary (un-refined) intellect, the ancients devised a method of bringing Lord within the realm of the senses. This method is to worship Him (Her or It) in an object (photo, water, fire, precious jewel, idol etc) which you can touch, feel, smell, see, feel the taste of. Thus all wandering senses are brought to a focus, by belief (faith) and by daily practice. Unshakable faith and long practice, evokes and unfolds hitherto unknown dimensions in awareness, which are generally not communicable in the normal way. Remember the British king who sent his friend Becket to sabotage the Church. Once Becket started working for the church, he got convinced and got converted to their line of thinking and found that the king's views were neither noble nor fair. Brenen writing in 'Power Play' says that the easterners are centuries ahead in the control of mind and related topics. By puja you will be in a position to inject the noblest thoughts in the subconscious. Above all, one will succeed in solving the mystery of 'Life' . Pooja is a unique way in which a Hindu communicates with his god. This may involve a silent meditation or a loud chanting of mantras with or without offerings to the god. Common offerings to the god during a pooja include flowers, incense, light (Deepa), food items (Naivedya), and sandalwood paste. These offerings are said to represent the five elements of space, air, fire, water, and earth. In a perfectly conducted pooja the body, mind and the soul of the devotee are so completely integrated that he feels one with his god. Doing poojas on a regular basis brings equanimity and peace to one's mind. Reasons for doing pooja may range from seeking a general or particular blessing from the god, or just as a mode of expression of one's gratitude to the god. While most
  • 13. poojas can be done on any day, some of the poojas are reserved for special occasions in one's life Subhakariam.com helps you to select a pooja for any particular occasion in your life, or for any special benefit you seek or for any festival of your choice and also arranges to perform them on your behalf. Ganapathi POOJA Dedicated to Lord Ganesh, Lord Ganesh is the son of Shiva and Parvati and is known as Maha Ganapathy the god of wisdom and the remover of all obstacles .Parvati created Ganesha from the scurf of her body so that she could have a son who would be loyal only to her. One day he was acting as her guard while she was bathing and he refused to let Shiva enter. In anger Shiva cut off his head. As Parvati was distressed about this Shiva offered to replace it with the head of the first living being that came along, which happened to be an elephant with a broken tusk. Shiva then went on and rewarded Ganesha by proclaiming that before any pooja, Ganesha would be worshipped. Hence Ganesha pooja is done before any pooja or ritual to improve family bondage, to win over enemies, to overcome disease and to achieve a planned objective without any hindrance. For success without any problems for all works/projects, also for education, marriage, health and wealth Astrology, for centuries regarded as identical with Navagraha Puja astronomy, has a legendary origin in India where its main purpose was for ascertaining the correct dates times for performing poojas, sacrifices etc.By the 6th century Astrology was regarded as a separate science. At this time in addition to the 2 existing Grahas of Surya(Sun) and Chandra(Moon also called Soma), Indian astrologers added 7 more. They were: Mercury (Buddha), Venus (Shukra), Mars (Mangal),Jupiter (Brihaspati) & Saturn (Shani), Rahu (the ascending
  • 14. mode), & Ketu (the descending mode), which were regarded as planets bringing the total tonine.Many a times we hear people say our time is running bad. These bad times are attributed to the different Grahas (Planets), and their position in the current time. These Grahas can be appeased by performing the Grah shanti pooja.There are 2 ways to perform this pooja. If you know which Graha is affecting you unfavorably, then tell us the name and we can perform the pooja for you. The other way is for us to find out from your Janam Patri and then perform the Pooja for the particular Graha.Graha shanti pooja can also be performed for children born under inauspicious stars. Every human being in this world desires for wealth and prosperity. The Narada purana states that wealth can bestow longevity, resplendent body, good health and Maha Lakshmy strength, fame, and the power to conquer ones Puuja enemies. The Acharya states that only by the blessings of Goddess Lakshmi one can attain eternal wealth. Those who worship Her by performing the Sri Mahalakshmy pooja shall be very prosperous. The Sukta has 15 hymns, which are said to bestow different benefits to the performer of this homa. Even the mere recitation of these,bestows prosperity. They are: Prosperity Domestic animals ,Food grains Ownership of Land Good servants Fame Royal influence ,Mental strength ,Attainment of horses ,Attainment of elephants,Clothes,Progeny,Vehicles ,Mystical powers ,Any other wish of the performer This pooja is for vishnu who is also called Satyanarayana. He is the preserver of mankind Sathya Narayana and holds a club, a conch shell, a discuss, and a lotus in Puja his four hands. He covers the universe in three strides; the earth as fire, the atmosphere as lightning, and the sky as he sun. He is extremely gentle of nature and
  • 15. personality thus symbolizing tolerance and patience. His vehicle is Garuda and his consort is Lakshmi, the goddess of wealth and beauty. Lakshmi symbolizes good fortune and wealth and is the favorite of merchants and traders. Together Vishnu and Lakshmi are a popular duo, worshipped by families seeking material welfare Pooja can be performed on POORNIMA .Any other day for any occasion / reason Saraswati is the goddess of knowledge and the mistress of the arts. Worldly possessions do not Maha Saraswathy interest her. She rules the intellectual and creative Puja realm. Libraries and schools are her temples. She does not adorn herself with gems and jewels. Draped in a white sari, she rides a swan holding a book in one hand and a Veena in another At the dawn of Life, Brahma was so struck by the beauty of his first creation Shatarupa, goddess of material existence that he sprouted five heads to look upon her at all times. He chased her wherever she went, but no matter how hard he tried he could not possess her. To restrain Brahmas lust Shiva, the supreme ascetic, wrenched off one of Brahmas heads. Sobered by the experience, Brahma turned to Saraswati. Saraswatis children the Vedas, showed Brahma the way out of the labyrinth of sensuality. From that day, the four heads of Brahma began chanting the four Vedas. This pooja is generally done when ones business or work is not proceeding well. The goddess associated Lalitha Devi Puja with this pooja is Lakshmi (Lalithadevi)This pooja is performed For the upliftment of business For peace and prosperity This Pooja for lalitha devi.by lalitha saharranama maha mantram It takes 45 days and is performed by 1 Brahmin. The Yantra is generally made on a Silver or Gold plate.lalitha pooja dedicated for Labor Management, Co-operation, Life partner co-
  • 16. operation, Son-father understanding & salvation for all purpose. Traditional ritual consists of sixteen elements and is called Shodasha upachara pooja. This type of worship is Shodashoopachaar also offered in Brahmin households and households a Puja where Brahmin priests perform pooja. Each household worships a deity termed Kula Daivata (Family god). In addition there Ishta Daivata (Personal god)Shodasha upachara Dhyana(prayer) Avahana invocation Aaasana (offering seating) Paadya (washing of feet) Arghya (washing of hands) Aachamana (offering of drinking water) Snana (bathing ritual) Vastra (new dress) Yajnopavita (sacred thread)Gandha (sandal paste) Abharana (jewelry) Akshata (colored rice, Turmeric powder, Vermillion powder) Pushpa (flowers) Dhoopa (incense) Deepa (lighted, oil soaked cotton wicks). p) Naivedya (offering of specially prepared food).Water in a pot, (Kalasha) sanctified by invoking the names of seven sacred rivers of India namely Ganga, Yamuna, Godavari, Saraswathi, Narmada,Sindhu, Kaveri, is used for worship.After the above offerings, Arathi (camphor light) and recitation of Vedic hymns called Mantra Pushpa concludes the Pooja (worship) Hanuman is popularly known as a Brahmachari and a faithful follower of Rama. He has a body of steel and Hanumath the mind of a yogi. His physical and mental abilities, (Aanjaneya) Puja discipline and spiritual purity are comparable to noneAs a child, he mistook the rising sun for a fruit and tried to eat it and in the process disrupted the movements of the nine Grahas. Lord Indra, king of the Devtas and Lord of the skies hurled his thunderbolt to stop Hanuman. Vayu Hanumans father was so angry that he sucked away the air from the three worlds causing all creatures to choke. Vayu was only pacified when the gods granted Hanuman eternal life and absolute
  • 17. wisdomThis event also gave Hanuman the power to overcome the influence of all celestial bodies. Because of this, humans who seek to avert the malevolent influence of Mars and Saturn worship Hanuman.Hanuman pooja can be done on SATERDAY and any other day The lingum of Shiva represents male energy which when combined with the female principle leads to the Sri Rudra ( Shiva ) creation of mankind Shiva is the god of destruction. He Puja represents the darker side of nature and therefore dwells in the mountains and forests. He wears skulls and snakes around his neck and smears himself with ashes. He is the god of gods, powerful, generous, and auspicious Shiva is a yogi rapt in meditation, free from all desires, the emblem of purity and the conqueror of lust, the selfless one who drinks poison for the good of the world. He is easily appeased by prayers His consort is Uma, better known as Parvati, the daughter of the mountains also known as Hemavati. She is the creative power, the female principle, and the great mother. She is the goddess of Shakti or power. She is the power that makes us live or die, happy or miserable. She is everywhere and in everythng. The mantra ya devi sarv bhuteshu shakti rupen sansthita means she who exists as power in all beings Homams are poojas performed for a particular deity by invoking Agni , the God of fire
  • 18. Homam (also called havan) is a religious ritual performed by Hindus to invoke the blessings of specific Gods and Godesses. It begins with the Karta (devotee) invoking Agni (God of fire) and inviting him to carry the dravya (offerings into the fire) to the concerned deity. The Gods, pleased with the offerings grant the wishes of the devotees in the form of benefits likelongevity,success in business, good health, prosperity, progeny etc., Subhakariam.com offers several different homams appropriate to obtain the desired benefits. Select the homam you prefer, and subakariam.com will arrange for it to be conducted according to prescribed formats on the date you specify. Homam (also called havan) is a religious ritual performed by Hindus to invoke the blessings of specific Gods and Godesses. It begins with the Karta (devotee) invoking Agni (God of fire) and inviting him to carry the dravya (offerings into the fire) to the concerned deity. The Gods, pleased with the offerings grant the wishes of the devotees in the form of benefits likelongevity, success in business, good health, prosperity, progeny etc.,Homams are poojas performed for a particular deity by invoking Agni , the God of fire, Please select any option from the list ,to see details of each Homam' Ganapathi Homam Dedicated to Lord Ganesh, to improve family bondage, to win over enemies, to overcome disease and to achieve a planned objective without any hindrance. For success Sri Maha without any problems for all works/projects, also for education, Ganapathy marriage, health and wealth.* On all occasions * For prosperity Homam in all walks of life without any hindrance.Ganapathi Homa is generally performed before commencing any important endeavor like Starting a new business to remove all obstacles. It is also done at the beginning of other homas.
  • 19. Navagraha Homam Many a times we hear people say our time is running bad. These bad times are attributed to the different Grahas (Planets), and their position in the current time. These Grahas can be appeased by performing the Grah shanti pooja.There are 2 ways to perform this pooja. If you know which Graha is affecting you unfavorably, then tell us the name and we can perform the pooja for you. The other way is for us Navagraha to find out from your Janma Patri and then perform the Pooja Homam for the particular Graha. specifically 7 1/2 years Saturn period. Generally all purpose Navagraha homam For all Doshas from Horoscope,specifically 7 1/2 years Saturn period. Generally all purpose. (For particular Jathaham, particular Gnahas more japas) * Is done to obtain navagrahas anugraha, even if they were placed in disadvantageous * By doing this homa, navagraha doshas are removed and good results will accrue' 'Maha sudarsana homam for Removal of all enemies. avoiding accidents, The desires of human beings are innumerable and they vary in nature. As a result, the sufferings they might undergo also are many. Sometimes it may result in incurable diseases. It cannot be said that all sufferings and ailments afflicting mankind have human solutions. There are many things, which are beyond the work of human domain. These were the areas where divine intervention was sought by the ancient seers. This is where the mantras play a vital role. The Maha mantras were the tools, which were used by the sages to free sudarsana the world from sufferings. "mantaram trayate iti mantra" homam mantras are mystic syllables that free the chanter from inflictions. In the Vaishnava agamas the Sudharsana mantra is a very prominent one. The Sudharsana Chakra or the divine disc of Maha Vishnu is one of the Lords prominent weapons in annihilating evil forces. The Sudharsana yantra is also as important as the Sudharsana mantra. Usually Lord Sudharsana is seen installed with eight or sixteen hands in Vishnu temples It is stated in the Ahirbhudniya Samhita that when the devotees are suffering from the afflictions caused by incurable diseases,
  • 20. sorcery, or enemies, Lord Sudharsana dispels his fierce form and comes to their protection. When the last rites of the dead are not performed properly it might sometimes result in the sufferings of the progeny belonging to later generations. Scriptures state that performing the Sudharsana homa could alleviate the sufferings of this nature. Performance of this homa also stops the danger or perils which may possibly occur in future& nbsp; MAHA Lakshmi is the consort of Vishnu.She has four arms when worshipped on her own but is usually shown with two hands when with Vishnu.She is the goddess of wealth and one of the most popular Hindu female deities Mahalakshmi homam For improvement in Financials and also for recovery of Maha dues,which are said to bestow different benefits to the Lakshmi performer of this homa. Even the mere recitation of these, Homam bestows prosperity. They are :Prosperity,Domestic animals, Food grains, Ownership of Land, Good servants, Fame, Royal influence, Mental strength, Attainment of horses, Attainment of elephants,Clothes,Progeny,Vehicles.Mystical powers, Any other wish of the performer'
  • 21. Maha Mruthyunjaya Homam Dedicated to Lord Shiva to avoid untimely death The Mrityunjaya Homa is performed to achieve Jaya or Victory over Mritya or death. The object of worship of this homa is Lord Shiva. One of the synonyms of Lord Shiva is Mrityu Mrityu which means death of the death or the destroyer of death. During this homa one chants 21 mantras. The prominent offerings in this homa are durva grass and an herb Maha called amrita. The former is famous for purifying blood and the Mruthyunjaya latter is a medicine for incurable diseases like arbuda or cancer. Homam Since these are used as offerings in this homa, there is no doubt that it bestows longevity on the performer .The Mrityunyaja homa is said to remove the fear of death. The hymns are devoted to Mrityu, the God of death, praying for long life. These hymns are used in the purnahuti or the final offering in the famous Soma sacrifice. This homa also alleviates Mrit yu dosha or untimely death.' SANTHANA GOPALA HOMAM or PURUSHA SUKTHA HOMAM Dedicated to Lord Maha vishnu.None other than Lord Maha Vishnu himself bestowed knowledge of this homa on Sanatkumara, who in turn instructed this to sage Bodhayana. It is stated in the Suta Samhita. Putrapradam Aputraanaam Jayadam Jayakaaminaam Bhuktidam Bhuktikaamaanaam Mokshadam Moksha Kaaminaam meaning those who wish progeny, success in endeavors, worldly enjoyment and the final SANTHANA emancipation shall attain it by performing this.It is said that GOPALA one attains this human birth by performing meritorious deeds HOMAM in the past lives. In order to continue the lineage of ours it is necessary that we be blessed with healthy progeny. The Purusha sukta homa is said to be equal to the Putra kameshti yagna narrated in the Ramayana in providing healthy progeny to the performer. The hymn glorifies Lord Vishnu as the Purusha or the primordial being with innumerable heads, eyes and feet. The lord is depicted as the cause of all living beings. It further describes the manner in which different species occur from his various limbs. The hymns are si xteen in number.
  • 22. BHOO VARAHA HOMAM Dedicated to Lord Mahavishnu .This homa is done to remove ill effects of not constructing a house according to the tenets of the Vaastu Sastra, which prescribes various principles and techniques for constructing houses and temples. Houses, which are not built according to this science, BHOO are said to invite various problems like diseases, marital VARAHA disharmony, problems in the family, loss in business etc. These HOMAM problems could be overcome by performing the Bhoo varaha Homam, more simply called the Bhoo varaha Homa. This homa is performed as a part of Grihapravesa (house warming) ceremonies for the overall happiness for those who live in the house ' Ayushya Homam Dedicated to the Life God to enhance longevity Ayushya homa is explained by the sage Bodhayana in the Bodhayana sutras. According to him, if a child is constantly ill, this homa could be performed on a monthly basis till the child attains good health. But in general practice, this is performed once a year on the day of the star in which the child is born. This homa is performed on the day the child completes one year Aayushya of age. In case one is unable to perform it on this day, it should Homam be done on the consecutive month. It may be done even on a monthly basis.By performing the Ayusha homa the evil effects caused by tithi [day of the fortnightly], vara [day of the week], nakshatra [star] are eradicated. It bestows longevity, and good health. It is experienced that even ailments, which cannot be diagnosed through mainstream medicines, are cured by the performance of this homa'
  • 23. 'Chandi or DURGA has been bestowed with defferent sakthis power from all devatas.thesefore is also knownas mahasakthy.shewas born with the energy coming out of all the devatas bodies and combining to become one.so shecould defeat the Rakshasas.devil.mahishasura.who had become a threat to the devatas.durgadevi is worshipped in monyforms with eachhaving its ownsignificance.thus there are differentpoojas associated with her.We offer Navchandi is a Durga pooja normally done to make small wishes cometrue and Sri Chandee can also be performed for any other reason / occasion on any Homam day according to the muhurtam.The Chandi homa is a very unique sacrificial rite involving powerful Saptasati mantras. These mantras are 700 in number, spreading across 13 chapters of the Markandeya Purana. These chapters are divided into three parts. The 1st chapter is devoted to Goddess Durga, 2nd, 3rd and 4th chapters extol the greatness of Goddess Mahalakshmi. The remaining chapters are devoted to Saraswathi, the Goddess of Learning.By performing the Chandi homa, the sufferings that are caused by hostile elements, are eradicated. The sufferings resulting from poison, sorc