JAINISM
Jainism is a Religion and a
Way of Life
Animal Compassion
For thousands of years,
Jains have been practicing
vegetarianism
Vegetarianism
Meditation & Yoga
For thousands of years,
Jains have been practicing
Meditation and Yoga
Meditation
For thousands of years,
Jains have been practicing
Equality
Equality
Environmentalism
For thousands of years,
Jains have been
Environmentalist
Anekantvad
For thousands of years,
Jains have been practicing
Non-Absolutism
(Respect other views)
(Truth has many perspec...
ORIGINS
 Not known
 Possibly rooted in indigenous Indic culture before
Aryan and Vedic age
7
JAINS AND VEDAS
Changes in Vedic traditions could be
due to contacts with ancient Jaina
traditions
Not part of early Ved...
TIRTHANKARA
 There are 24 Tirthankaras in Jainism
 According to Jain philosophy, all Tirthankaras were
born as human bei...
Tirthankaras
Tirthankaras are also known as Jinas
Jina = one who has conquered inner
passions like desire and hatred.
10
MAHAVIRA
24th and last Tirthankara
Contemporary of the
Buddha
Born 599 BCE
Kundagrama
BACKGROUND
 At age 30, Mahavira renounced all his wealth,
property, wife, family, pleasures
 Fasted 2 days without water...
MAHAVIRA
AT 28, became a follower of
Parsva
13
PARSVA
- 23rd Tirthankara
- 9th C, BC
MAHAVIRA
 Achieved kevala (one who has the
knowledge to achieve liberation
 Thus in lifetime recognized as Tirthankara
...
JINA/TIRTHANKARA
 ‘ford builder’ – shows the way across the
ocean of suffering
 NOT divine incarnations
 NOT ‘founders’...
SCHISMS
 Digambaras (sky clad)
 Total nudity
 Follow Mahavira’s example
 Clinging to clothing, even a loin cloth, is a...
Jain Monastics: Digambara (“sky clad
male monks”)
 Given up all belongings
 Live alone or in small
groups in the forests...
SCHISMS
 Svetambaras (white clad)
 Protest that external signs (i.e., clothing) are
insignificant
 View Mahavira’s deci...
Jain Monastics: Two major sects
 Svetambara (“white clad”)
 Wear white robes
 Live in community
 Admit both men and wo...
OTHER DIFFERENCES:
 Position of women:
 Svetambaras: women capable of becoming Tirthankaras
 (19th Tirthankara, Malli, ...
What is Jainism?
A
A Philosophy of living.
Jains are followers of JINA,
The conqueror of inner enemies.
These inner enemie...
Inner enemies (Kashay) arise out
of attachment(rag)-
leading to greed and pride and
aversion(dvesh):
leading to deceit and...
Jainism is a religion of self-
help: with out any outside
agency - even god coming to the
rescue of the soul.
The soul is ...
What is Jain Activity?
Any activity of body or Mind that helps us
1. Develop disinterest in satisfying the desires
our fiv...
THE ULTIMATE GOAL
To free our soul from its bondage of Karma
Through
Samyak Darshan (Rational prception)
Samyak Gnyan (Rat...
Unique Teachings of Jainism
• God is not a Creator, Preserver or Destroyer
of the Universe
• Every living being has a pote...
Unique Teachings of Jainism
• Proper knowledge of universal substances
and fundamental Tattvas are essential for
rational ...
JAINA METAPHYSICS
Pluralistic (Anakandavada)
Doctrine of Manifoldness of reality
Matter and sprit are separate
There are...
Relativistic (Syadvada)
1.Sapta Bangi Nyaya (Theory of relativity of knowledge)
•Syat asti (May be it is- Relatively a thi...
Anekantavad and Syadvad
Reality (object) has many facets.
It has many qualities and
properties. This is known as
Anekant ...
Anekantvad
It is a doctrine of
multifacetedness of reality
It is a philosophy or doctrine of
non-absolutism
It explains...
Syadvad
It is a theory of conditional
predication
It is a theory of relativity of
propositions or judgments
It explains...
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Jainism presentation

  1. 1. JAINISM Jainism is a Religion and a Way of Life
  2. 2. Animal Compassion For thousands of years, Jains have been practicing vegetarianism Vegetarianism
  3. 3. Meditation & Yoga For thousands of years, Jains have been practicing Meditation and Yoga Meditation
  4. 4. For thousands of years, Jains have been practicing Equality Equality
  5. 5. Environmentalism For thousands of years, Jains have been Environmentalist
  6. 6. Anekantvad For thousands of years, Jains have been practicing Non-Absolutism (Respect other views) (Truth has many perspectives)
  7. 7. ORIGINS  Not known  Possibly rooted in indigenous Indic culture before Aryan and Vedic age 7
  8. 8. JAINS AND VEDAS Changes in Vedic traditions could be due to contacts with ancient Jaina traditions Not part of early Vedic traditions 8
  9. 9. TIRTHANKARA  There are 24 Tirthankaras in Jainism  According to Jain philosophy, all Tirthankaras were born as human beings but they have attained a state of perfection or enlightenment through meditation and self realization.  Each was born at a time when humanity needed a new vision of religion 9
  10. 10. Tirthankaras Tirthankaras are also known as Jinas Jina = one who has conquered inner passions like desire and hatred. 10
  11. 11. MAHAVIRA 24th and last Tirthankara Contemporary of the Buddha Born 599 BCE Kundagrama
  12. 12. BACKGROUND  At age 30, Mahavira renounced all his wealth, property, wife, family, pleasures  Fasted 2 days without water  Took off clothes except for a cloth around his shoulder  Tore out hair in 5 handfuls  Vowed to neglect his body and suffer all pain  Eventually gave up his cloth too (gave it to someone else who needed it) 12
  13. 13. MAHAVIRA AT 28, became a follower of Parsva 13
  14. 14. PARSVA - 23rd Tirthankara - 9th C, BC
  15. 15. MAHAVIRA  Achieved kevala (one who has the knowledge to achieve liberation  Thus in lifetime recognized as Tirthankara  Next 30 years, leader of community of disciples  Monks, nuns, laypeople 15
  16. 16. JINA/TIRTHANKARA  ‘ford builder’ – shows the way across the ocean of suffering  NOT divine incarnations  NOT ‘founders’ of religions  Ordinary humans who have purified themselves  Thus ‘teachers’ rather than gods or ‘god- men’  Perfect human beings 16
  17. 17. SCHISMS  Digambaras (sky clad)  Total nudity  Follow Mahavira’s example  Clinging to clothing, even a loin cloth, is a form of attachment 17
  18. 18. Jain Monastics: Digambara (“sky clad male monks”)  Given up all belongings  Live alone or in small groups in the forests  Teach Jainism  Spend 3 months during rainy season in one location (to minimize killing insects on the ground from excessive walking)
  19. 19. SCHISMS  Svetambaras (white clad)  Protest that external signs (i.e., clothing) are insignificant  View Mahavira’s decision as an option but not a requirement 19
  20. 20. Jain Monastics: Two major sects  Svetambara (“white clad”)  Wear white robes  Live in community  Admit both men and women  Some wear face masks to protect minute life forms from harm
  21. 21. OTHER DIFFERENCES:  Position of women:  Svetambaras: women capable of becoming Tirthankaras  (19th Tirthankara, Malli, was a woman)  Women orders  Digambaras: women must first be reborn as men  No women orders 21
  22. 22. What is Jainism? A A Philosophy of living. Jains are followers of JINA, The conqueror of inner enemies. These inner enemies (Kashay) are anger (Krodh), greed (lobh), ego (man) Deceit (mayam)
  23. 23. Inner enemies (Kashay) arise out of attachment(rag)- leading to greed and pride and aversion(dvesh): leading to deceit and anger.
  24. 24. Jainism is a religion of self- help: with out any outside agency - even god coming to the rescue of the soul. The soul is its own destroyer or liberator.
  25. 25. What is Jain Activity? Any activity of body or Mind that helps us 1. Develop disinterest in satisfying the desires our five senses (control over passions) 2. Eliminate anger, ego, deceit, greed (Kashay) within our selves 3. Develop a vision to look for only good in oth and completely ignore bad in others. -Acharya Haribhadrasuriji (700-770AD
  26. 26. THE ULTIMATE GOAL To free our soul from its bondage of Karma Through Samyak Darshan (Rational prception) Samyak Gnyan (Rational Knowledge) Samyak Charitra (Rational Conduct)
  27. 27. Unique Teachings of Jainism • God is not a Creator, Preserver or Destroyer of the Universe • Every living being has a potential to become God • Path of liberation is to follow rational perception, rational Knowledge and rational conduct • Conquer your desire by your own effort to attain liberation
  28. 28. Unique Teachings of Jainism • Proper knowledge of universal substances and fundamental Tattvas are essential for rational perception, knowledge and conduct • Self purification, penance, austerity and meditation are essential for rational conduct
  29. 29. JAINA METAPHYSICS Pluralistic (Anakandavada) Doctrine of Manifoldness of reality Matter and sprit are separate There are innumerable atoms and souls Each possesses innumerable qualities. Pluralistic Relativistic
  30. 30. Relativistic (Syadvada) 1.Sapta Bangi Nyaya (Theory of relativity of knowledge) •Syat asti (May be it is- Relatively a thing is real) •Syat nasti (May be it is not – Relatively a thing is unreal) •Syat asti nasti (May be it is and it is not – Relatively a thing is both real and unreal) •Syat avaktavyah (May be it is indescribable – Relatively a thing is indescribable) •Syat asti ca avaktavyah (May be it is not and is indescribable Relatively a thing is real and is indescribable) •Syat asti nasti ca avaktavyah (May be it is not and is indescribable – Relatively a thing is unreal and is indescrib •Syat asti ca nasti ca avaktavyah (May be it s , is not and is indescribable-Relatively a thing is real unreal and indescrib
  31. 31. Anekantavad and Syadvad Reality (object) has many facets. It has many qualities and properties. This is known as Anekant or multifacetedness The method or language of expressing this multifacetedness is called Syadvad
  32. 32. Anekantvad It is a doctrine of multifacetedness of reality It is a philosophy or doctrine of non-absolutism It explains reality metaphysically
  33. 33. Syadvad It is a theory of conditional predication It is a theory of relativity of propositions or judgments It explains reality epistemologically It is a method of expressing multifacetedness of objects by using the qualifies ‘Syad’

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