Six Universal Substances
 According to Jain Science, the universe is comprised of
six substances
 Soul (Jiva)
 Matter (...
JAINA REALITY:
 JIVA (souls)
 AJIVA (material atoms)
 EACH LIVING THING IS A COMBINATION OF
JIVAAND AJIVA
 THEIR MOVEM...
JIVA
 In its PURE state, not associated with matter
 Consciousness its essence
 All are alike
Main characteristics:
 K...
“Soul - God” –
Each living being
has a Soul; God is a
fully enlightened
Soul. Each Soul is
capable of
becoming God.
QUALITIES OF SOUL
 QUALITIES
unlimited
Utterly pure
Omniscience
Why the soul, which
possesses infinite faith,
infinite bliss and infinite
power, seems limited &
differ?
Obstacles of Karma
WHAT DEFILES SOUL?
KARMA
KARMA: MATTER
 Obstructs knowledge
 Defiles bliss
 Limits energy
 MATTER IS SEEN AS A SHACKLE...
WHY DOES KARMA OCCUR?
If soul is inherently pure, why embodied in matter?
 No answer/no real question
 THE CONDITION IS ...
FOR JAINS, THE ORIGIN OF
KARMIC MATTER IS NOT
IMPORTANT
BUT ITS REMOVAL
9
What is Karma?
Karma is a matter(Pudgal) determining the
fate of the soul in rebirths
It is composed of very fine karmic...
Jain Karma Theory
Law of Cause and Effect
Law of Action and Reaction
What one sows, one reaps
Our intention behind our...
Empowering Theory
 While the Law of Karma dictates what we are
experiencing now to be the result of our own past
action.
...
Jiva (Soul)
Extended substance
Many bodies there are many souls.
Soul
Liberated(Mukta)
Bound(Baddha)
Bound soul
1. Mobile(trasa)
2. Immobile(sthavana) Lives in atoms
and vegetable kingdom
Mobile Soul
•Having two senses(worm...
Six Universal Substances
According to Jain Science, the universe is
comprised of six substances
 Soul (Jiva)
 Matter (A...
BASIC DOCTRINES
 BONDAGE (KARMA)
 LIBERATION (REMOVAL OF KARMIC MATTER)
16
CAUSES OF BONDAGE:
 IGNORANCE
 Responsibility? Ourselves!
 Through thought, speech, action – CREATE OUR OWN
BONDAGE
17
KARMA
 EACH PRESENT MOMENT OF EXISTENCE IS
‘EARNED’ BY OUR PAST ACTIONS
 EACH FUTURE LIFE IS ‘EARNED’ BY OUR
PRESENT LIF...
THE ULTIMATE GOAL
To free our soul from its bondage of
Karma
Through (Three Jewels:tri-ratna)
1.Samyak Darshan (Rational
P...
Fivefold spiritual discipline
Maha vrata anu vrata
Great vows lesser vows
1.Non-Injury (ahimsa)
2.Non-uttering of falsehoo...
Ahimsa (Non violence)
• Ahimsa is disciplined behavior towards
every living being - Dashvaikalika Sutra
(6/9)
• Absence of...
Ahimsa (Non violence)
• Ahimsa is not to be practised at the physical
level only but at a mental one as well. In
other wor...
23
TOOLS OF AHIMSA VOW: MONKS
AND NUNS
 Whisk broom utilized when walking
 Straining water for organisms
 Face cloth
 ...
24
TRUTHFULNESS (SATYA)
Great care must be taken that speech is
always positive
Closely related to ahimsa – speech
resul...
25
SEXUAL PURITY (BRAHMACARYA)
Ascetics – no sexual activity – no
THOUGHT of sex
Laypeople – no sexual activities or
tho...
26
NONATTACHMENT (APARIGRAHA)
More than simple non-possession
GOAL = completely ridding the self of
thoughts and attitud...
27
LAST STAGE
 MOKSHA (COMPLETE LIBERATION)
 CAN ONLY BE ACHIEVED BY ARHANT IN A
MOMENT PRIOR TO DEATH
 WHERE ALL KARMI...
Unique Teachings of Jainism
• God is not a Creator, Preserver or Destroyer
of the Universe
• Every living being has a pote...
THANK YOU
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  • (ahimsa)
  • Jainism 2

    1. 1. Six Universal Substances  According to Jain Science, the universe is comprised of six substances  Soul (Jiva)  Matter (Ajiva)  Space (Akash)  Time (Kal)  Dynamic medium (Dharmastikay)  Stationary medium (Adharmastikay)
    2. 2. JAINA REALITY:  JIVA (souls)  AJIVA (material atoms)  EACH LIVING THING IS A COMBINATION OF JIVAAND AJIVA  THEIR MOVEMENTS CAUSE THE CREATION AND DESTRUCTION OF EVERYTHING AROUND US 2
    3. 3. JIVA  In its PURE state, not associated with matter  Consciousness its essence  All are alike Main characteristics:  KNOWLEDGE: omniscient  BLISS: utterly pure  ENERGY: unlimited 3
    4. 4. “Soul - God” – Each living being has a Soul; God is a fully enlightened Soul. Each Soul is capable of becoming God.
    5. 5. QUALITIES OF SOUL  QUALITIES unlimited Utterly pure Omniscience
    6. 6. Why the soul, which possesses infinite faith, infinite bliss and infinite power, seems limited & differ? Obstacles of Karma
    7. 7. WHAT DEFILES SOUL? KARMA KARMA: MATTER  Obstructs knowledge  Defiles bliss  Limits energy  MATTER IS SEEN AS A SHACKLE BINDING THE SOUL 7
    8. 8. WHY DOES KARMA OCCUR? If soul is inherently pure, why embodied in matter?  No answer/no real question  THE CONDITION IS THE BEGINNING POINT 8
    9. 9. FOR JAINS, THE ORIGIN OF KARMIC MATTER IS NOT IMPORTANT BUT ITS REMOVAL 9
    10. 10. What is Karma? Karma is a matter(Pudgal) determining the fate of the soul in rebirths It is composed of very fine karmic particles = karmons Entire Universe is filled with Karmic Particles
    11. 11. Jain Karma Theory Law of Cause and Effect Law of Action and Reaction What one sows, one reaps Our intention behind our actions of mind, speech and body binds us with Karma
    12. 12. Empowering Theory  While the Law of Karma dictates what we are experiencing now to be the result of our own past action.  Only WE are responsible for our past, present and future and only WE can alter it. No one else can!
    13. 13. Jiva (Soul) Extended substance Many bodies there are many souls. Soul Liberated(Mukta) Bound(Baddha)
    14. 14. Bound soul 1. Mobile(trasa) 2. Immobile(sthavana) Lives in atoms and vegetable kingdom Mobile Soul •Having two senses(worms) •Three senses(ants) •Four senses(wasps) •Five senses(higher animals)
    15. 15. Six Universal Substances According to Jain Science, the universe is comprised of six substances  Soul (Jiva)  Matter (Ajiva)  Space (Akash)  Time (Kal)  Dynamic medium (Dharmastikay)  Stationary medium (Adharmastikay)
    16. 16. BASIC DOCTRINES  BONDAGE (KARMA)  LIBERATION (REMOVAL OF KARMIC MATTER) 16
    17. 17. CAUSES OF BONDAGE:  IGNORANCE  Responsibility? Ourselves!  Through thought, speech, action – CREATE OUR OWN BONDAGE 17
    18. 18. KARMA  EACH PRESENT MOMENT OF EXISTENCE IS ‘EARNED’ BY OUR PAST ACTIONS  EACH FUTURE LIFE IS ‘EARNED’ BY OUR PRESENT LIFE  CONDUCT OF THOUGHTS, SPEECH, ACTIONS CAUSES BONDAGE 18
    19. 19. THE ULTIMATE GOAL To free our soul from its bondage of Karma Through (Three Jewels:tri-ratna) 1.Samyak Darshan (Rational Perception) 2.Samyak Gnyan (Rational Knowledge) 3.Samyak Charitra (Rational Conduct)
    20. 20. Fivefold spiritual discipline Maha vrata anu vrata Great vows lesser vows 1.Non-Injury (ahimsa) 2.Non-uttering of falsehood (satya) 3.Non-stealing (asetya) 4.Abstention from sensuality (brahmacharya) 5.Non-possession (aparigraha)
    21. 21. Ahimsa (Non violence) • Ahimsa is disciplined behavior towards every living being - Dashvaikalika Sutra (6/9) • Absence of violence of any sort towards all beings at all times is Ahimsa. - Yogasutra • In its absolute definition, ‘Ahimsa is the absence of evil thoughts, feelings or attitude’
    22. 22. Ahimsa (Non violence) • Ahimsa is not to be practised at the physical level only but at a mental one as well. In other words, it is stated that there should be no Himsa by ‘ Man ‘ (mind), ‘Vachan’ (speech), or ‘Kaya” (body). • Even hurting feelings is himsa.
    23. 23. 23 TOOLS OF AHIMSA VOW: MONKS AND NUNS  Whisk broom utilized when walking  Straining water for organisms  Face cloth  Strict vegetarianism, OR, fruitarianism, the practice of only eating that which will not kill the plant or animal from which it is taken. e.g. milk, fruit, nuts.  Never lighting a lamp at night, never walking in the dark, never put out a fire  Bathing is forbidden, as it harms the water and the vermin on the body.
    24. 24. 24 TRUTHFULNESS (SATYA) Great care must be taken that speech is always positive Closely related to ahimsa – speech resulting in ‘hurting’ must be avoided THUS, AT THE END OF A MONK’S LIFE, HE OR SHE MAY REFRAIN FROM SPEAKING AT ALL Honesty characteristic of Jain business people
    25. 25. 25 SEXUAL PURITY (BRAHMACARYA) Ascetics – no sexual activity – no THOUGHT of sex Laypeople – no sexual activities or thoughts outside of marriage
    26. 26. 26 NONATTACHMENT (APARIGRAHA) More than simple non-possession GOAL = completely ridding the self of thoughts and attitudes that are vehicles of desire
    27. 27. 27 LAST STAGE  MOKSHA (COMPLETE LIBERATION)  CAN ONLY BE ACHIEVED BY ARHANT IN A MOMENT PRIOR TO DEATH  WHERE ALL KARMIC ACTIONS AND THOUGHT ARE COMPLETED GOTTEN RID OF  UNLIKE BUDDHISTS AND HINDHUS  TOTAL PERFECTION IS NOT POSSIBLE DURING LIFE  COMES ONLY UPON THE FINAL DEATH
    28. 28. Unique Teachings of Jainism • God is not a Creator, Preserver or Destroyer of the Universe • Every living being has a potential to become God • Path of liberation is to follow rational perception, rational Knowledge and rational conduct • Conquer your desire by your own effort to attain liberation
    29. 29. THANK YOU

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