“ Group dynamics is an expression that describes the situation in which people acting together in a group accomplish certain thing, either positively in a way that cannot be explained adequately in terms of the individual acting separately.” - Thomas Harell
Many factors in the work environment affect group behaviour.The 2 most broad aspects are;
The physical env. Ex: plant,equipment, layout
The psycho-social env. Ex: reward system, supervisory practices
IG arise when the goals of the group do not match with the organizational goals.
This problem occurs when a planned change is implemented.
The protection and social relationships provided by informal groups are in danger due to new plans that disturb order and stability, create new procedures of standard and production and disturb the pattern of personal interactions on the job.