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Anomie stefan powerpoint

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Transcript

  • 1. Anomie
  • 2. Overview
    • Anomie is a theory created by Émile Durkheim in his book suicide (1897).
    • Anomie is the idea that someone has different social norms when they are excluded from society - alienated or feeling worthless
    • He links this to depression and suicide but it can also be linked to criminal behaviour
  • 3. Definition
    • in societies or individuals, a condition of instability resulting from a breakdown of standards and values or from a lack of purpose or ideals.
  • 4. Anomie and Crime
    • It is similar to Marx’s theory of alienation that, the working class commit more crime because they are alienated from the rest of society
    • Durkheim believed that a lack of norms meant that values weren’t as likely to be upheld and therefore more crime was committed
    • Behaviour which is seen as normal to most people in a society didn’t apply to people who where excluded from the society which meant that crime was committed as the values didn’t apply to them
  • 5. Mechanical and Organic
    • Mechanical - societies used to be more focussed on the whole group and how it worked meaning less people were separate from the society
    • Organic - now people are more individual, so in todays world more people have their own values and don’t just accept the values of a society on its own.
  • 6. Durkheim’s Theory
    • Durkheim believed that because society was becoming more organic it is harder for people to find their place in society and the rules for their lives aren’t as clear
    • Durkheim also believed that in a time of recession there is more anomie and also when you have a large wealth gap because it means you are more likely to be excluded from the norm