The Penal System <ul><li>Aims of prison </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent is prison working </li></ul><ul><li>Kinds of pris...
Aims of Prison <ul><li>There are 4 main aims of the prison service; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to punish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul...
Punishment  <ul><li>According to the Home Office prison is designed to “punish offenders who commit serious offences”.  </...
Rehabilitation  <ul><li>Drugs abuse is a big problem in prisons.  </li></ul><ul><li>Home Office study into drug use and tr...
Deter <ul><li>Prison is supposed to deter prisoners from re-offending and deter people from committing crime in the first ...
Protection  <ul><li>Prison is designed to protect the public from those who break the law.  </li></ul><ul><li>Some would a...
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  1. 1. The Penal System <ul><li>Aims of prison </li></ul><ul><li>To what extent is prison working </li></ul><ul><li>Kinds of prison </li></ul><ul><li>Alternatives to prison </li></ul>
  2. 2. Aims of Prison <ul><li>There are 4 main aims of the prison service; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>to punish </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to rehabilitate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to protect </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>to deter </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Punishment <ul><li>According to the Home Office prison is designed to “punish offenders who commit serious offences”. </li></ul><ul><li>Some would argue it does as people are segregated and locked up- in Belmarsh people are locked up for 16 hours. </li></ul><ul><li>Others would say it doesn’t as some prisons allow prisoners allow more freedom. </li></ul>
  4. 4. Rehabilitation <ul><li>Drugs abuse is a big problem in prisons. </li></ul><ul><li>Home Office study into drug use and treatment found that out of 1880 males in prison in 2003, 73% had used dugs in the year prior to their conviction with 54% using an illegal substance once a day. </li></ul><ul><li>Rehab schemes now being run in all prisons- CARATs are one of these. </li></ul>
  5. 5. Deter <ul><li>Prison is supposed to deter prisoners from re-offending and deter people from committing crime in the first place. </li></ul><ul><li>The majority of people do not commit crimes suggesting prison does work. </li></ul><ul><li>Re-offending rates are at an all time high suggesting it may not be working. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Protection <ul><li>Prison is designed to protect the public from those who break the law. </li></ul><ul><li>Some would argue this is happening as the prison population is now over 79,000- the highest its ever been. </li></ul><ul><li>Others would say that this overcrowding is making it more difficult for prisons to be secure locations. </li></ul>

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