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Peer Pressure


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Peer Pressure

  1. 1. PEER PRESSURE Isaac Ansell Forsyth
  2. 2. Peer Pressure <ul><li>“ a person who is of equal standing with another in a group” </li></ul>
  3. 3. Social Influence <ul><li>“ how thoughts, feelings and behaviour of individuals are influenced by the actual, imagined or implied presence of others” (Allport, 1968) </li></ul><ul><li>Conformity </li></ul><ul><li>Obedience </li></ul>
  4. 4. Conformity <ul><li>Exposure to majority position </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt behaviour, attitudes and values </li></ul><ul><li>Minority influence- </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Reject established norm </li></ul></ul>
  5. 5. Investigating the nature of conformity (Asch, 1955) <ul><li>AIMS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>investigate conformity behaviour when given an unambiguous task </li></ul></ul><ul><li>METHOD </li></ul><ul><ul><li>123 male, American undergraduates </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Series of lines </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>All but 1 participant- confederate </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Critical trials </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>True participant- last to answer </li></ul></ul>
  6. 6. Asch, 1995 (cont.) <ul><li>RESULTS </li></ul><ul><ul><li>37% overall conformance </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>75% conformed at least once </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Control- 1% wrong answers </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>CONCLUSION </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Strong tendency to conform </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Resistance was possible </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. Evaluation of Study <ul><li>Is the study a ‘child of its time’? </li></ul><ul><li>Ecological validity </li></ul><ul><ul><li>What does it actually tell us about real life? </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. ‘ Real Life’ examples
  9. 9. In the context of crime... <ul><li>Psychological approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning theories </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Differential association (Sutherland) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><li>Sociological approaches </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Functionalism </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Status frustration (Cohen) </li></ul></ul></ul>