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Impressionism and Surrealism                                                       1                        IMPRESSIONISM ...
Impressionism and Surrealism                                                                                              ...
Impressionism and Surrealism                                                                                             3...
Impressionism and Surrealism                                                                                              ...
Impressionism and Surrealism                                                                                              ...
Impressionism and Surrealism                                                                                          6who...
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  1. 1. Impressionism and Surrealism 1 IMPRESSIONISM AND SURREALISM Name: Course Title: Course Code: Course Instructor: Institution: Date:
  2. 2. Impressionism and Surrealism 2ContentsINTRODUCTION...........................................................................................................................................2UNDERSTAND THE MOVEMENTS................................................................................................................3IMPRESSIONISM AND SURREALISM.............................................................................................................4INFLUENCES.................................................................................................................................................5CONCLUSION...............................................................................................................................................5REFERENCES................................................................................................................................................6INTRODUCTIONIn the history of art, both impressionism and surrealism are considered as majormovements. Both of them broke contemporary painting style of their own time,contributing large in fixing the course of art history and influencing other artists of
  3. 3. Impressionism and Surrealism 3following decades. From an artistic point of view, they can be described as a revolutionin the art world as they cut through the academic painting style and introduced newstyles with distinctive artistic approaches. However, apart from the fact that theyintroduced a new style to art, impressionism and surrealism do not have manysimilarities between them in terms of painting style. The most important fact about thesemovements is they had significant influences on other form of visual artworks as well asliterature, music, architecture and film; specially the surrealism which is generallyreferred as a cultural movement because of its wide influence in almost every field ofcreative works.UNDERSTAND THE MOVEMENTSImpressionism was a Paris based art moment that was originated in the 19th century bya group of artists who strictly opposed the French art community during the 1870s and1880s. The name, impressionism was derived from an artwork with the same title byClaude Monet, one of the most influential artists of all time. Breaking the tradition, theimpressionism introduced tiny brush strokes, which were barely visible, in the form of anopen composition with perfect depiction of light and its effects depending on thepassage of time. From an unusual angle, the artists usually try to illustrate an ordinarysubject, keeping movement as an imperative element of human acuity.Surrealism, on the other hand, was introduced right after the First World War. Theartworks of this movement feature surprising elements and unexpected combinations.The base of this movement was also Paris. Starting in the early 1920s, surrealismestablished revolutionary changes in intellectual world by initiating new ways of thinking
  4. 4. Impressionism and Surrealism 4in every aspects of life including visual art, music, literature, language, film, politicalthoughts and philosophical theories.IMPRESSIONISM AND SURREALISMRather than focusing on the subject, the most important feature of impressionism isrelated with the painting style, inspiring the artists to use short brush strokes and toexperiment with both unmixed and mixed colors. Instead of being concerning about thedetailing, it concentrates more overall visual effects. On the contrary, the surrealism ismostly about selecting the subject. Although, impressionism prefers modern life with atouch of movement, it specifically does avoid traditional subjects. As for surrealism, itprefers unconventional way of thinking and its expression. It advocates that thedepictive and ordinary concepts are important but it keeps its options to the significanceof imagination.In parallel to reality, surrealism developed method of independent imaginationregardless how strange they are. Sometimes, it can even underlie madness byembracing idiosyncrasy. Surrealism supports the idea that the power of imagination andpoetic reality is much more than actual reality and thus the artistic approach ofsurrealism may break the traditional smooth painting style but it does not rule out artfrom it. The power of imagination is not discarded for impressionism; but it is restrictedwithin the limit of reality and the artists can paint their imagination while keeping thereality intact and understandable within general consent in such way that it resembles asnapshot (Rosenblum, 1989) and that is the main difference between impressionismand surrealism.
  5. 5. Impressionism and Surrealism 5In general terms, impressionism follows a definitive painting style with short brokenstrokes to achieve intense color vibration against customary smooth blends. On theother hand, surrealism does not have any authoritative drawing techniques and thefounders of the movements developed several techniques. The main purpose here is toreflect the subject in any way possible; without having any restriction or regulation fordrawing the imagination. That allows the artists to do whatever they like without feelingobligated by established painting methods. However, instead of outlining the details ofthe subject, impressionism recreates sensation to the viewer which makes it popular,giving the idea of original and fresh vision.INFLUENCESThe impressionism mostly created an impression among the artist with some influenceson sculpture, film, music, literature and photography. Following its techniques andpainting style, several other new styles were instituted including Neo-Impressionism,Post-Impressionism, Cubism and Fauvism.Similarly, surrealism had significant influences on visual art, literature, music and film. Inaddition to all these, it also had crucial role in developing theories in philosophy, socialstudy and politics. Sigmund Freud also used techniques of surrealism forpsychoanalysis, known as dream analysis.CONCLUSIONIn terms of painting methods and subject selection, impressionism and surrealism donot have many similarities. However, both of them were revolutionary ideas to bring a
  6. 6. Impressionism and Surrealism 6whole new realm of painting as well as the way of thinking for both the artists and theaudiences.REFERENCESRosenblum, R. (1989). Paintings in the Musée dOrsay. New York: Stewart, Tabori &Chang. ISBN 1-55670-099-7
  7. 7. Impressionism and Surrealism 7

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