SexualityAge of Realism vs. 20 th CenturyHarsh realitiesEscapism
Coined by European Literary theorists to describe the new approach to literature coming out of South America in the mid 20th Century Combines harsh realities with magical elements Salvador Dali MC Escher
Born in Columbia in 1927 Awarded the Nobel prize for literature in 1982 Wrote everything under the sun Poetry Novels Screenplays plays… etc Novels include: Love in the Time of Cholera, and One Hundred Years of Solitude. Popularized a literary style called Magical Realism
“In every book I try to make a different path [...]. One doesnt choose the style. You can investigate and try to discover what the best style would be for a theme. But the style is determined by the subject, by the mood of the times. If you try to use something that is not suitable, it just wont work. Then the critics build theories around that and they see things I hadnt seen. I only respond to our way of life, the life of the Caribbean.”
"The way you treat reality in your books...has been called magical realism. I have the feeling your European readers are usually aware of the magic of your stories but fail to see the reality behind it...’ This is surely because their rationalism prevents them seeing that reality isnt limited to the price of tomatoes and eggs."
Born Neftalí Ricardo Reyes Basoalto Created the name Pablo Neruda as a pen name. Awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1971. First South American in 30 years to win a Nobel in Literature Jorge Luis Borges summed up Neruda quite famously:
"Well, he wrote a book -- well, maybe here Im being political -- he wrote a book about the tyrants of South America, and then he had several stanzas against the United States. Now he knows that thats rubbish. And he had not a word against Perón. Because he had a lawsuit in Buenos Aires, that was explained to me afterwards, and he didnt care to risk anything. And so, when he was supposed to be writing at the top of his voice, full of noble indignation, he had not a word to say against Perón. And he was married to an Argentine lady, he knew that many of his friends had been sent to jail. He knew all about the state of our country, but not a word against him. At the same time, he was speaking against the United States, knowing the whole thing was a lie, no? But, of course, that doesnt mean anything against his poetry. Neruda is a very fine poet, a great poet in fact. And when they gave Miguel de Asturias the Nobel Prize, I said that it should have been given to Neruda! Now when I was in Chile, and we were on different political sides, I think he did the best thing to do. He went on a holiday during the three or four days I was there so there was no occasion for our meeting. But I think he was acting politely, no? Because he knew that people would be playing him up against me, no? I mean, I was an Argentine, poet, he was a Chilean poet, hes on the side of the Communists, Im against them. So I felt he was behaving very wisely in avoiding a meeting that would have been quite uncomfortable for both of us."