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Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
Forest Carbon Partnership Facility
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Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

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Presentation by Benoit Bosquet & Ken Andrasko, World Bank …

Presentation by Benoit Bosquet & Ken Andrasko, World Bank
Scope of the global climate agreement, Forest Day 3
Sunday, 13 December 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

Published in: Education, Technology, Business
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  • 1. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Lessons Learned on REDD+ by the Facility Management Team and by REDD Country Participants Benoit Bosquet & Ken Andrasko, World Bank Forest Day 3, Copenhagen, December 13, 2009
  • 2. FCPF: The Big Picture FCPF established collaborative partnership & transparent platform for meaningful exchanges on REDD+ • Pioneered REDD readiness • 37 REDD Country Participants preparation process: R-PINs, • 11 Donor Participants R-PPs, technical review • 5 Carbon Fund Participants • Most countries now actively preparing for readiness • 6 Observers • Due to high demand, REDD • Readiness fund : $ 112 m Country participation • Carbon Fund: $55 m increased from 0 to 20 to 37 www.forestcarbonpartnership.org
  • 3. Two types of early insights emerge from FCPF • Country insights: lessons various countries in FCPF are learning • REDD+ program insights: lessons that apply to emerging REDD+ global programs like FCPF 3
  • 4. Country Insight 1: REDD+ readiness requires work on core components, but no cookie-cutter approach Countries begin considering REDD+ readiness from different starting positions, reflecting their unique conditions and history Different drivers of deforestation imply different REDD+ strategies to address them • Land use and land tenure patterns vary across countries • Responses to a driver in one setting may not work in the socioeconomic and institutional setting of another 4
  • 5. Country Insight 2: REDD+ requires unprecedented national planning across sectors Integrated vision of how REDD+ fits into an emerging national, low-carbon development strategy is required • Mainstreaming REDD+ may require: • putting REDD+ at the center of national development policy • elevating REDD+ to highest levels of government • Emerging national REDD+ steering committees are having to adapt to calls for broad representation of stakeholders, and transparency 5
  • 6. Country Insight 3: Readiness will require a step-wise approach Preparation for readiness is a multi-step process requiring definition of options for REDD+, evolution of new institutional arrangements, and design of delivery and MRV systems • Reforming policies and institutions will take years • Designing program delivery to the village or the forest requires testing new incentives and institutional arrangements • Early evaluation of progress, and course-correction when issues occur, will be essential 6
  • 7. Country Insight 4: Inclusive consultations are needed to forge a common vision on REDD+ Transparent consultations with major stakeholders offer promise of REDD+ becoming more successful and sustainable • Governments generally have been reluctant to engage stakeholders on REDD+ at first • But they now see dividends from early and continuous engagement with stakeholders • Consultations broaden over time 14 7
  • 8. Country Insight 5: Analysis of deforestation and degradation drivers is a critical step in planning for REDD+ in specific country conditions Strong interrelationship among deforestation drivers, reference scenario, REDD strategy, and MRV system design REDD+ MRV System Assessment Design: of Strategy Deforestation Drivers + and Measure and Governance Programs report on change over Establish reference time scenario 8
  • 9. Program Insight 1: FCPF has started to operationalize REDD+ Readiness, by adopting templates, processes and standards R-PP provides comprehensive framework for organizing national preparation for Readiness Transparent, fair review using agreed standards shares country experience , and drives up quality of R-PPs • Technical Advisory Panel (TAP) transparent review of R-PINs and R-PPs: public presentations and on web • Guidance documents begin developed on issues and posted on web: consultations, use of SESA safeguard process ies
  • 10. Program Insight 2: REDD+ is being country-driven • FCPF governance is equally shared by REDD countries and donors • REDD countries write, present and defend their R-PPs • Participants generate most of the knowledge based on experience 10
  • 11. Program Insight 3: Scale, location, and timing of REDD+ emission reductions will vary by country conditions Country REDD+ Readiness will depend on how quickly countries: • Build REDD strategies and programs based on clear diagnosis of deforestation drivers • Begin to address key early governance concerns • Access sufficient financial resources for capacity building, institutional reforms, and investments .11
  • 12. Program Insight 4: Financing REDD+ requires a mix of funding types, due diligence, and coordination Countries are slowly identifying their funding needs for readiness – and talking with a range of funders. But this ‘funding cocktail’ needs to be managed (through the R-PP or another national process) • Early planning costs more than FCPF $200,000 grants: perhaps $500,000 in some countries • Funding from FCPF requires World Bank due diligence & country capacity to accept funding, using international best practices • No experience with performance payments yet 12

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