Forest Carbon Partnership Facility


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Presentation by Benoit Bosquet & Ken Andrasko, World Bank
Scope of the global climate agreement, Forest Day 3
Sunday, 13 December 2009
Copenhagen, Denmark

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Forest Carbon Partnership Facility

  1. 1. Forest Carbon Partnership Facility Lessons Learned on REDD+ by the Facility Management Team and by REDD Country Participants Benoit Bosquet & Ken Andrasko, World Bank Forest Day 3, Copenhagen, December 13, 2009
  2. 2. FCPF: The Big Picture FCPF established collaborative partnership & transparent platform for meaningful exchanges on REDD+ • Pioneered REDD readiness • 37 REDD Country Participants preparation process: R-PINs, • 11 Donor Participants R-PPs, technical review • 5 Carbon Fund Participants • Most countries now actively preparing for readiness • 6 Observers • Due to high demand, REDD • Readiness fund : $ 112 m Country participation • Carbon Fund: $55 m increased from 0 to 20 to 37
  3. 3. Two types of early insights emerge from FCPF • Country insights: lessons various countries in FCPF are learning • REDD+ program insights: lessons that apply to emerging REDD+ global programs like FCPF 3
  4. 4. Country Insight 1: REDD+ readiness requires work on core components, but no cookie-cutter approach Countries begin considering REDD+ readiness from different starting positions, reflecting their unique conditions and history Different drivers of deforestation imply different REDD+ strategies to address them • Land use and land tenure patterns vary across countries • Responses to a driver in one setting may not work in the socioeconomic and institutional setting of another 4
  5. 5. Country Insight 2: REDD+ requires unprecedented national planning across sectors Integrated vision of how REDD+ fits into an emerging national, low-carbon development strategy is required • Mainstreaming REDD+ may require: • putting REDD+ at the center of national development policy • elevating REDD+ to highest levels of government • Emerging national REDD+ steering committees are having to adapt to calls for broad representation of stakeholders, and transparency 5
  6. 6. Country Insight 3: Readiness will require a step-wise approach Preparation for readiness is a multi-step process requiring definition of options for REDD+, evolution of new institutional arrangements, and design of delivery and MRV systems • Reforming policies and institutions will take years • Designing program delivery to the village or the forest requires testing new incentives and institutional arrangements • Early evaluation of progress, and course-correction when issues occur, will be essential 6
  7. 7. Country Insight 4: Inclusive consultations are needed to forge a common vision on REDD+ Transparent consultations with major stakeholders offer promise of REDD+ becoming more successful and sustainable • Governments generally have been reluctant to engage stakeholders on REDD+ at first • But they now see dividends from early and continuous engagement with stakeholders • Consultations broaden over time 14 7
  8. 8. Country Insight 5: Analysis of deforestation and degradation drivers is a critical step in planning for REDD+ in specific country conditions Strong interrelationship among deforestation drivers, reference scenario, REDD strategy, and MRV system design REDD+ MRV System Assessment Design: of Strategy Deforestation Drivers + and Measure and Governance Programs report on change over Establish reference time scenario 8
  9. 9. Program Insight 1: FCPF has started to operationalize REDD+ Readiness, by adopting templates, processes and standards R-PP provides comprehensive framework for organizing national preparation for Readiness Transparent, fair review using agreed standards shares country experience , and drives up quality of R-PPs • Technical Advisory Panel (TAP) transparent review of R-PINs and R-PPs: public presentations and on web • Guidance documents begin developed on issues and posted on web: consultations, use of SESA safeguard process ies
  10. 10. Program Insight 2: REDD+ is being country-driven • FCPF governance is equally shared by REDD countries and donors • REDD countries write, present and defend their R-PPs • Participants generate most of the knowledge based on experience 10
  11. 11. Program Insight 3: Scale, location, and timing of REDD+ emission reductions will vary by country conditions Country REDD+ Readiness will depend on how quickly countries: • Build REDD strategies and programs based on clear diagnosis of deforestation drivers • Begin to address key early governance concerns • Access sufficient financial resources for capacity building, institutional reforms, and investments .11
  12. 12. Program Insight 4: Financing REDD+ requires a mix of funding types, due diligence, and coordination Countries are slowly identifying their funding needs for readiness – and talking with a range of funders. But this ‘funding cocktail’ needs to be managed (through the R-PP or another national process) • Early planning costs more than FCPF $200,000 grants: perhaps $500,000 in some countries • Funding from FCPF requires World Bank due diligence & country capacity to accept funding, using international best practices • No experience with performance payments yet 12