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Tunisia, the jewel of the Mediterranean
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Tunisia, the jewel of the Mediterranean



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  • 1. TUNISIAThe jewel of the Mediterranean
  • 2. MAPThe capital city of Tunisia is Tunis. Tunisia issubdivided into 24 governorates.It is a Maghreb country bordered by Algeria to thewest, Libya to the southeast and the Mediterraneansea to the north and east.
  • 3. HISTORYTunisia has been a part of Fenician, Carthagesian, Romanand Arab empires and they all left their beautiful traces there.The city of Tunis date back to pre-roman times, th city of Eljem has its own Colosseum. Kairouan is considered as ayoung city ans it was founded in the 6th century by Arabs..
  • 4. GOVERNMENTTunisia is a constitutional republic, with a president servingas head of state, prime minister as head of government,a bicameral parliament and a court system influencedby French civil law. Tunisia achieved independence fromFrance in 1956 led by Habib Bourguiba, who later became thefirst Tunisian President. In 2012 Tunisia’s population wasestimated to be around 10,777,500.Habib Bourguiba, the first president of therepublic of Tunisia
  • 5. First used in 1831The Tunisian flag is red with awhite circle in the middle thatcontains a five-pointed star anda crescentJasmineThe nationalflowerThe Tunisian coat ofarms means freedom(ship) order (lion) andjustice (scales) That isthe country’s motto.
  • 6. REVOLUTIONThe Tunisian revolution was an intensive campaign of civil resistance that wereprecipitated by high unemployment, food inflation, corruption, a lack of freedom ofspeech and other political freedoms and poor living conditions. Labor unions were said tobe an integral part of the protests. The protests inspired the Arab Spring, a wave ofsimilar actions throughout the Arab world.
  • 7. CURRENCYTunisia’s currency is called dinar. It is one of the only currencies that stilluses thousands. The coins are 5, 10, 20, 50 millims, ½ and 1 dinar. Thenotes are 5, 10, 20 and 50 dinar.1 dinar = 1000 millims
  • 8. RELIGIONS AND LANGUAGESArabic is the official language, and Tunisian Arabic, knownas ’’Derja’’, is the local, vernacular variety of Arabic and is usedby the public. There is also a small minority of speakers ofShelha, a Berber language.98% of Tunisians are Muslim. 1% are Jewish and 1% areChristian.
  • 9. ECONOMYTunisia now finds itself as an export-oriented country in the process of liberalizingand privatizing an economy that, while averaging 5% GDP growth since the early1990s, has suffered from corruption benefiting politically connected elites. Tunisiahas a diverse economy, ranging from agriculture, mining, manufacturing, andpetroleum products, to tourism. The agricultural sector stands for 11.6% of theGDP, industry 25.7%, and services 62.8%.
  • 10. FOODMloukheyaLike most Mediterranean Countries, Tunisia haswhat is called a “sun cuisine” consisting mainlyof olive oil, spices and seafood.The most famous dishes in Tunisia are :Couscous Lalabli Brik Makroud Hrissa